background

Asian Studies

Professors Kemper (Anthropology), Hirai (History), J. Strong (Religious Studies), Grafflin (History), Yang (Chinese), S. Strong (Japanese; chair, fall), Maurer-Fazio (Economics; chair, winter and Short Term) and Dhingra (English); Associate Professor Nguyen (Art and Visual Culture); Assistant Professors Fatone (Music), Boucher (Psychology), Schomburg (Religious Studies), Fan (Chinese), and Steininger (Japanese and Asian Studies); Visiting Assistant Professor Walt (Art and Visual Culture); Visiting Instructor Wu; Lecturers L. Miao (Chinese), Ofuji (Japanese), Sengupta (Asian Studies), Hiss (Asian Studies), X. Miao (Chinese), Menjo (Japanese), and Xu (Chinese)



In the early years of the twenty-first century, Asia has gained enormous visibility across the globe. Knowledge of Asian languages gives access to enduring, complex, and constantly developing societies to which the rest of the world has repeatedly turned for insight. An understanding of Asian cultures complements language study, concentrating on ways Asians live their lives and interact with the larger world.

Asian Studies is an interdisciplinary program designed to acquaint students with the economies, histories, politics, arts, languages, literatures, and religions of Asian societies. The program offers three majors, Chinese, Japanese, and East Asian studies. Each of these majors gives students an opportunity to develop an understanding of East Asia by intensive study of Chinese or Japanese and to pursue topical courses introducing some of the most accomplished civilizations and dynamic societies in today's world. In addition to the majors, the Program in Asian Studies offers minors in Chinese, Japanese, and Asian studies. More information on the Program in Asian Studies is available on the website (www.bates.edu/ASIA.xml).

Chinese

The Chinese major is built around a structured sequence of instruction in language skills leading to competency in spoken and written Mandarin, with classical Chinese taught at the advanced level. Emphasis is placed on familiarizing students with the rich cultural heritage of China's 4,000-year history, which is transmitted and embodied by the native language of more than one billion people. The program strongly recommends that majors spend their junior year on a departmentally recognized study-abroad program in mainland China or Taiwan.

Major Requirements. The major consists of a minimum of twelve courses that must include:

1) CHI 101-102, 201-202, 301-302, or the equivalent. Students with previous experience in Chinese who begin their study of Chinese at the second-year level may elect to fulfill this requirement with CHI 201-202, 301-302, 401-402 or the equivalent.

2) AS/CI 207.

3) two courses from the following: AS/AV 234, AS/CI 206, 211, 225, AS/RE 208, CHI s30, or FYS 280 or 386. CHI 415 or 421 may also be used to fulfill part of this requirement if not being used as a fulfillment of requirement 5) below.

4) ASIA 320. Students of the classes of 2011, 2012, and 2013 may opt to chose a third course from those listed in 3) above in lieu of requirement 4). However, all students are encouraged to enroll in ASIA 320.

5) one course at the 400-level from the following: CHI 401, 402, 415, or 421. CHI 401 and/or 402 may be used in fulfillment of either this requirement or 1) above but not both.

6) CHI 457 or 458, the senior thesis. Students are expected to utilize some source materials in Chinese in conducting research for the thesis. Qualified students may elect to write the thesis in Chinese.

Students may petition the program to have courses taken in their study-abroad program applied toward the fulfillment of requirements 1) and 3).

Pass/Fail Grading Option. Pass/fail grading may not be elected for courses applied toward the Chinese major.

Minor. A minor requires seven courses, six of which must be in Chinese. At least one of the seven courses must involve the study of literature or culture. A student may petition to have up to three comparable courses, completed at other institutions in the United States or abroad, apply toward the minor. Advanced Placement courses may not be applied toward the minor.

Pass/Fail Grading Option. Pass/fail grading may be elected for one course applied toward the minor in Chinese.



Courses
CHI 101. Beginning Chinese I.An introduction to spoken and written modern Chinese. Conversation and comprehension exercises in the classroom and laboratory provide practice in pronunciation and the use of basic patterns of speech. Enrollment limited to 20. Normally offered every year. L. Miao, S. Yang.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

CHI 102. Beginning Chinese II.A continuation of Chinese 101 with increasing emphasis on the recognition of Chinese characters. By the conclusion of this course, students know more than one quarter of the characters expected of an educated Chinese person. Classes, conducted increasingly in Chinese, stress sentence patterns that facilitate both speaking and reading. Prerequisite(s): Chinese 101. Normally offered every year. L. Miao, S. Yang.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

CHI 201. Intermediate Chinese.Designed to enable students to converse in everyday Chinese and to read simple texts in Chinese. Classes conducted primarily in Chinese aim at further development of overall language proficiency. Prerequisite(s): Chinese 102. Open to first-year students. Normally offered every year. L. Miao, Staff.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

CHI 201-202. Intermediate Chinese.Designed to enable students to converse in everyday Chinese and to read simple texts in Chinese. Classes conducted primarily in Chinese aim at further development of overall language proficiency. Prerequisite(s): Chinese 102. Open to first-year students. Normally offered every year. L. Miao, Staff.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

CHI 202. Intermediate Chinese.Designed to enable students to converse in everyday Chinese and to read simple texts in Chinese. Classes conducted primarily in Chinese aim at further development of overall language proficiency. Prerequisite(s): Chinese 102 Open to first-year students. Normally offered every year. L. Miao, Staff.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

AS/CI 206. Modern China through Film and Fiction.This course explores modern China through a number of short stories and feature films produced in the twentieth century, from Lu Hsun's fiction of the 1920s to recent films directed by such directors as Zhang Yimou and Ang Lee. The course focuses on ways of interpreting different cultural products of modern China, but students also gain a general knowledge of the history of modern Chinese fiction and film. All readings, lectures, and discussions are in English. Not open to students who have received credit for Chinese 209. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 35. Offered with varying frequency. S. Yang.
Concentrations
AS/CI 207. Traditional Chinese Literature in Translation.An exploration of Chinese literature through reading and discussion of some of its masterworks of poetry, drama, fiction, and belles-lettres prose from ancient times through the premodern era. Not open to students who have received credit for Chinese 207. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 25. [W2] Normally offered every year. S. Yang.
Concentrations
AS/CI 211. Film and Chinese Modernity.This course explores the role film has played in China's ongoing construction of modernity since the end of the nineteenth century. Discussion focuses not only on the social and historical context of Chinese films, but also on various kinds of cinematic languages through which Chinese filmmakers articulate their ideas, especially those involving debates concerning tradition, modernity, revolution, gender, sexuality, and national identity, as well as Chinese filmmakers' responses to constructions of the cultural "other" in Western films. Conducted in English. Not open to students who have received credit for Chinese 211. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 25. Offered with varying frequency. Staff.
Concentrations
AS/CI 225. Art and Politics in China.This course examines the interactions between art and politics in the People's Republic of China since 1949. This course not only provides a close analysis of Chinese visual and performing arts as social, cultural, and political institutions, but also looks into the political struggles and intellectual debates that have shaped artistic creation. The dramatic dialogue between politics and artistic creation in China since 1949 has been the most obscure yet crucial part of the bigger picture of constructing a "socialistic culture" within the parameters prescribed by the Chinese Communist Party. Students consider such art forms as painting, propaganda posters, sculpture, music, film, dance, and theater. Cross-listed in Asian Studies, Japanese, and Women and Gender Studies. Enrollment limited to 40. Normally offered every year. X. Fan.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

CHI 301. Upper-Level Modern Chinese.Designed for students who already have a strong background in spoken Chinese, the course gives an intensive review of the essentials of grammar and phonology, introduces a larger vocabulary and a variety of sentence patterns, improves conversational and auditory skills, and develops some proficiency in reading and writing. The course makes extensive use of short texts (both literary and nonfictional) and some films. Classes are conducted primarily in Chinese. Prerequisite(s): Chinese 202. Open to first-year students. Normally offered every year. L. Miao, Staff.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

CHI 301-302. Upper-Level Modern Chinese.Designed for students who already have a strong background in spoken Chinese, the course gives an intensive review of the essentials of grammar and phonology, introduces a larger vocabulary and a variety of sentence patterns, improves conversational and auditory skills, and develops some proficiency in reading and writing. The course makes extensive use of short texts (both literary and nonfictional) and some films. Classes are conducted primarily in Chinese. Prerequisite(s): Chinese 202. Open to first-year students. Normally offered every year. L. Miao, Staff.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

CHI 302. Upper-Level Modern Chinese.Designed for students who already have a strong background in spoken Chinese, the course gives an intensive review of the essentials of grammar and phonology, introduces a larger vocabulary and a variety of sentence patterns, improves conversational and auditory skills, and develops some proficiency in reading and writing. The course makes extensive use of short texts (both literary and nonfictional) and some films. Classes are conducted primarily in Chinese. Prerequisite(s): Chinese 202. Open to first-year students. Normally offered every year. L. Miao, Staff.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

CHI 360. Independent Study.Students, in consultation with a faculty advisor, individually design and plan a course of study or research not offered in the curriculum. Course work includes a reflective component, evaluation, and completion of an agreed-upon product. Sponsorship by a faculty member in the program/department, a course prospectus, and permission of the chair are required. Students may register for no more than one independent study per semester. Normally offered every semester. Staff.
CHI 365. Special Topics.Designed for the small seminar group of students who may have particular interests in areas of study that go beyond the regular course offerings. Periodic conferences and papers are required. Instructor permission is required. Staff.
CHI 401. Advanced Chinese I.This course is designed to further enhance students' ability to understand and speak idiomatic Mandarin Chinese. Included are readings of modern and contemporary literary works, journalistic writings, and other nonliterary texts. Classical texts may also be studied upon students' request. Prerequisite(s): Chinese 302. Recommended background: three years or more of Chinese. Open to first-year students. Normally offered every year. X. Fan.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

CHI 402. Advanced Chinese II.A continuation of Chinese 401. Prerequisite(s): Chinese 302 or 401. Recommended background: three years of Chinese or more. Open to first-year students. Normally offered every year. X. Fan.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

CHI 415. Readings in Classical Chinese.An intensive study of classical Chinese through reading selections of ancient literary, historical, and philosophical texts in the original, including excerpts from the Analects, the Mencius, Laozi, Zhuangzi, Shiji, Tang-Song prose, and poetry. Conducted in Chinese. Prerequisite(s): Chinese 302 or 401. Open to first-year students. S. Yang.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

CHI 421. Readings in Modern Chinese Culture.An intensive study of modern Chinese culture through reading selections of literary and nonliterary texts in the Chinese original. Prerequisite(s): Chinese 401 or 415. Offered with varying frequency. Staff.
CHI 457. Senior Thesis.An extended research project on a topic in Chinese literature, culture, or language utilizing some source materials in Chinese. Qualified students may, with approval of the Committee on Asian Studies, choose to write the thesis in Chinese. Students register for 457 in the fall semester or for 458 in the winter semester unless the committee gives approval for a two-semester project. Majors invited to pursue honors register for 457 and 458, contingent on the approval of the Committee. [W3] Normally offered every year. Staff.
Interdisciplinary Programs

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

CHI 457, 458. Senior Thesis.An extended research project on a topic in Chinese literature, culture, or language utilizing some source materials in Chinese. Qualified students may, with approval of the Committee on Asian Studies, choose to write the thesis in Chinese. Students register for 457 in the fall semester or for 458 in the winter semester unless the committee gives approval for a two-semester project. Majors invited to pursue honors register for 457 and 458, contingent on the approval of the Committee. [W3] Normally offered every year. Staff.
Interdisciplinary Programs

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

CHI 458. Senior Thesis.An extended research project on a topic in Chinese literature, culture, or language utilizing some source materials in Chinese. Qualified students may, with approval of the Committee on Asian Studies, choose to write the thesis in Chinese. Students register for 457 in the fall semester or for 458 in the winter semester unless the committee gives approval for a two-semester project. Majors invited to pursue honors register for 457 and 458, contingent on the approval of the committee. [W3] Normally offered every year. Staff.
Interdisciplinary Programs

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

Short Term Courses
CHI s24. Chinese Language and Culture in China.Students pursue four weeks of intensive Chinese language study at Yunnan National University in Kunming, Yunnan, China, or Nanjing Normal University in Nanjing, China. Language study is complemented by field trips to famous historical sites in the Yunnan and Beijing areas or in other provinces. Recommended background: Chinese 101 and 102. Enrollment limited to 15. L. Miao, S. Yang.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

CHI s30. Chinese Calligraphy and Etymology.A study of Chinese calligraphy through practice in the use of the brush-pen and through analysis of the aesthetics as well as the historical development of this graphic art. Calligraphy or brushwriting (shufa in Chinese and shodo in Japanese) is considered in East Asia as a spontaneous yet premeditated act of self-expression, which embraces philosophy, religion, culture, and an artistic tradition thousands of years old. Conducted in English. Prerequisite(s): Chinese 101 or Japanese 101. Recommended background: some knowledge of Chinese characters or kanji. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 20. S. Yang.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

CHI s50. Independent Study.Students, in consultation with a faculty advisor, individually design and plan a course of study or research not offered in the curriculum. Course work includes a reflective component, evaluation, and completion of an agreed-upon product. Sponsorship by a faculty member in the program/department, a course prospectus, and permission of the chair are required. Students may register for no more than one independent study during a Short Term. Normally offered every year. Staff.
Japanese

The major in Japanese presents an opportunity for an in-depth and focused study of Japanese language and culture. The major places emphasis on the student's acquisition of oral and written language proficiency as well as on the development of cultural awareness and competency. The program strongly recommends that majors spend their junior year at the Associated Kyoto Program or another approved year-long study-abroad program in Japan.

Major Requirements. The major consists of a minimum of twelve courses that must include:

1) JPN 101-102, 201-202, 301-302, or the equivalent.

2) AS/JA 125.

3) two courses from the following: FYS 277 or another first-year seminar on Japan, ASIA 110, AS/JA 130, 210, 218, 220, INDS 255, JA/WS s21, JPN s27 or another Short Term course on Japan, or CHI s30. Students may apply one of the following courses toward the fulfillment of this requirement: AS/HI 172, 276, 390T, or AS/RE 209.

4) ASIA 320.

5) JPN 401.

6) JPN 457 or 458, the senior thesis. Students are expected to utilize some source materials in Japanese when conducting research for the thesis. Qualified students may elect to write the thesis in Japanese.

Students may petition the program to have courses taken in their study-abroad program (including the Bates Fall Semester Abroad) applied toward the fulfillment of requirements 1) and 3).

Pass/Fail Grading Option. Pass/fail grading may not be elected for courses applied toward the Japanese major.

Minor. A minor requires seven courses, six of which must be in Japanese. At least one of the seven courses must involve a study of literature or culture. A student may petition to have up to three comparable courses, completed at other institutions in either the United States or abroad, apply toward the minor. Advanced Placement courses may not be applied toward the minor.

Pass/Fail Grading Option. Pass/fail grading may be elected for one course applied toward the minor in Japanese.

Courses
JPN 101. Beginning Japanese I.An introduction to the basics of spoken and written Japanese as a foundation for advanced study and proficiency in the language. Fundamental patterns of grammar and syntax are introduced together with a practical, functional vocabulary. Mastery of the katakana and hiragana syllabaries, as well as approximately 140 written characters, introduce students to the beauty of written Japanese. Normally offered every year. B. Steininger, S. Strong.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

JPN 101-102. Beginning Japanese I and II.An introduction to the basics of spoken and written Japanese as a foundation for advanced study and proficiency in the language. Fundamental patterns of grammar and syntax are introduced together with a practical, functional vocabulary. Mastery of the katakana and hiragana syllabaries, as well as approximately 140 written characters, introduce students to the beauty of written Japanese. Normally offered every year. B. Steininger, S. Strong.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

JPN 102. Beginning Japanese II.Introduction to the basics of spoken and written Japanese as a foundation for advanced study and proficiency in the language. Fundamental patterns of grammar and syntax are introduced together with a practical, functional vocabulary. Mastery of the katakana and hiragana syllabaries, as well as approximately 140 written characters, introduce students to the beauty of written Japanese. Normally offered every year. B. Steininger, S. Strong.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

AS/JA 125. Japanese Literature and Society.This course examines major trends in Japanese literature and society from its beginnings to the modern period. Students consider well-known stories, plays, and novels from the classical, medieval, early modern, and modern periods, placing each text within its unique sociohistorical context. All readings are in English. [W2] Normally offered every year. S. Strong.
Concentrations
AS/JA 130. Japanese Film.This course introduces students to Japanese cinema and criticism. Students consider the aesthetic style and narrative themes of films from the silent era to the present day, focusing on directors such as Ozu Yasujiro, Kurosawa Akira, and Kitano Takeshi. They explore such questions as: Is there a distinctive Japanese film style? How do cinematic techniques such as camera movement and editing relate to story? How do films relate to their particular historical and cultural moment? In addition to viewing films, students read Japanese film history and criticism. No prior familiarity with Japan is required. Conducted in English. Staff.
Concentrations
JPN 201. Intermediate Japanese I.A continuation of Japanese 102, the course stresses the acquisition of new and more complex spoken patterns, vocabulary building, and increasing knowledge of cultural context through use of calligraphy, role play, video, and varied reading materials. One hundred fifty Chinese characters are introduced. A range of oral as well as written projects and exercises provide a realistic context for language use. Prerequisite(s): Japanese 102. Open to first-year students. Normally offered every year. K. Ofuji.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

JPN 201-202. Intermediate Japanese I and II.A continuation of Japanese 102, the course stresses the acquisition of new and more complex spoken patterns, vocabulary building, and increasing knowledge of cultural context through use of calligraphy, role play, video, and varied reading materials. One hundred fifty Chinese characters are introduced. A range of oral as well as written projects and exercises provide a realistic context for language use. Prerequisite(s): Japanese 102. Open to first-year students. Normally offered every year. K. Ofuji.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

JPN 202. Intermediate Japanese II.A continuation of Japanese 102, the course stresses the acquisition of new and more complex spoken patterns, vocabulary building, and increasing knowledge of cultural context through use of calligraphy, role play, video, and varied reading materials. One hundred fifty Chinese characters are introduced. A range of oral as well as written projects and exercises provide a realistic context for language use. Prerequisite(s): Japanese 102. Open to first-year students. Normally offered every year. K. Ofuji.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

AS/JA 210. Heterogeneous Japan.Scholars of Japan have long portrayed Japan as culturally homogenous. In recent years, however, people in and outside the academy have begun to challenge this assumption. In this course, students examine autobiography, fiction, and films that emphasize Japan's ethnic, regional, and socioeconomic diversity. Readings also may include historical and analytical essays and theoretical works on the relationship of modernity, national identity, and narrative. Conducted in English. Open to first-year students. Staff.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

AS/JA 218. Popular Culture in Contemporary Japan.In recent years a new image of Japan has become popular among younger generations around the industrialized world. Japan does no longer conjure images of geisha, samurai, zen monks, and World War II soldiers. To many, Japan now means primarily manga (comic books), anime (animated films), pop music, videogames, karaoke, and sushi. This course examines contemporary Japanese popular culture from its early modern origins, in order to understand how it is consumed and reproduced, the role it plays in the construction of gender, and the place it occupies in the complex relationship between national identity and globalization. Recommended background: previous experience in East Asian culture. Enrollment limited to 30. Staff.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

AS/JA 220. The Myth of the Samurai.The samurai, the sword-wielding warrior with his strict bushido code of honor, is one of the most enduring images of Japan, both in the West and among the Japanese themselves. This course acquaints students with the decidedly less glamorous reality of the samurai. Students explore the myths surrounding the warrior through medieval war tales, Noh and Kabuki plays, short stories, and intellectual writings. Discussions focus on the shifting meanings invested in the image of the samurai by different writers and audiences over the centuries. Recommended background: one course in Japanese culture, history, or language. Conducted in English. Not open to students who have received credit for Asian Studies/Japanese 310 or Japanese 310. Not open to students who have received credit for AS/JA 310 or Japanese 310. Enrollment limited to 25. Staff.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

INDS 255. Modern Japanese Women Writers.How do Japanese women writers of the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries portray the complexities of today's world? How do they negotiate the gendered institutions of the society in which they live? What values do they assign to being a woman, to being Japanese? Students consider issues such as family, power, gender roles, selfhood, and the female body in reading a range of novels, short stories, and poems. Authors may include Enchi Fumiko, Ohba Minako, Kurahashi Yumiko, Tsushima Yuko, Tawara Machi, Yamada Eimi, and Yoshimoto Banana. Readings and discussion are in English. Cross-listed in Asian studies, Japanese, and women and gender studies. Not open to students who have received credit for JA/WS 255. Open to first-year students. [W2] S. Strong.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

JPN 301. Intermediate Japanese III.The course completes the introduction of essential Japanese syntactic forms and sentence patterns. Students continue development of oral skills and emphasis is placed on increased competence in the written language. Two hundred new characters are introduced. Prerequisite(s): Japanese 202. Normally offered every year. Staff.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

JPN 301-302. Intermediate Japanese III and IV.The course completes the introduction of essential Japanese syntactic forms and sentence patterns. Students continue development of oral skills and emphasis is placed on increased competence in the written language. Two hundred new characters are introduced. Prerequisite(s): Japanese 202. Normally offered every year. Staff.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

JPN 302. Intermediate Japanese IV.The course completes the introduction of essential Japanese syntactic forms and sentence patterns. Students continue development of oral skills and emphasis is placed on increased competence in the written language. Two hundred new characters are introduced. Prerequisite(s): Japanese 202. Normally offered every year. S. Strong.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

JPN 360. Independent Study.Students, in consultation with a faculty advisor, individually design and plan a course of study or research not offered in the curriculum. Course work includes a reflective component, evaluation, and completion of an agreed-upon product. Sponsorship by a faculty member in the program/department, a course prospectus, and permission of the chair are required. Students may register for no more than one independent study per semester. Normally offered every semester. Staff.
JPN 401. Advanced Japanese I.Through the discussion and study of contemporary literary texts and other journalistic modes, the course seeks to utilize, develop, and integrate skills acquired in the earlier stages of language learning. Particular emphasis is placed on reading and writing, and translation. Through class presentations and discussion students further develop oral skills and expand their understanding of Japanese culture. Prerequisite(s): Japanese 302. Normally offered every year. K. Ofuji, S. Strong.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

JPN 402. Advanced Japanese II.This course covers materials in Japanese such as newspaper articles, other media material, and short stories. Through presentations and discussions students utilize, develop, and integrate spoken skills acquired in the earlier stages of language learning. Written skills are also emphasized; normally students complete a final research project on a topic of their choice. Students taking this course in conjunction with the thesis should also register for Japanese 458. Prerequisite(s): Japanese 401. Normally offered every year. B. Steininger, Staff.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

JPN 457. Senior Thesis.An extended research project on a topic in Japanese literature, culture, or language utilizing some source materials in Japanese. Qualified students may, with approval of the Committee on Asian Studies, choose to write the thesis in Japanese. Students register for 457 in the fall semester or for 458 in the winter semester unless the committee gives approval for a two-semester project. Majors invited to pursue honors register for 457 and 458, contingent on the approval of the committee. [W3] Normally offered every year. Staff.
JPN 457, 458. Senior Thesis.An extended research project on a topic in Japanese literature, culture, or language utilizing some source materials in Japanese. Qualified students may, with approval of the Committee on Asian Studies, choose to write the thesis in Japanese. Students register for 457 in the fall semester or for 458 in the winter semester unless the committee gives approval for a two-semester project. Majors invited to pursue honors register for 457 and 458, contingent on the approval of the committee. [W3] Normally offered every year. Staff.
JPN 458. Senior Thesis.An extended research project on a topic in Japanese literature, culture, or language utilizing some source materials in Japanese. Qualified students may, with approval of the Committee on Asian Studies, choose to write the thesis in Japanese. Students register for 457 in the fall semester or for 458 in the winter semester unless the committee gives approval for a two-semester project. Majors invited to pursue honors register for 457 and 458, contingent on the approval of the committee. [W3] Normally offered every year. Staff.
Short Term Courses
JA/WS s21. Geisha Fantasy: Representations of an Icon.This course examines the stereotypes of the cultural category of geisha in film, literature, visual culture, and the performing arts. Students locate the discourse surrounding the geisha in both Japan and the United States, which leads to themes of "orientalism" (differentiating self and other in a way that hierarchizes the self), "self-orientalism," and nihonjinron (doctrine of a Japanese essence). Students focus on historical contexts in which the category of geisha was formed and developed largely as a projection of male desire and male fantasy, and explore the homogenizing and dichotomizing of racial and sexual identities in the construction of the geisha. Conducted in English. Staff.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

AS/JA s27. Hiroshima and Nagasaki.The technologies of the industrial and postindustrial age have made possible a scale of destruction that seems impossible for human beings either to grasp or perhaps even to survive. Japan is the only nation to have experienced attack by atomic weapons. What is the role of art, literature, film, and journalism in expressing the "inexpressible" and possibly preventing its reoccurrence? This course examines Japanese and Korean responses to the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Not open to students who have received credit for Japanese s27. Enrollment limited to 30. S. Strong.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

JPN s32. Appreciation of Japanese Society through Film.This course explores the problem of Japanese modernity through the perspective of various genres of postwar Japanese film, including anime. One unifying theme is nostalgia—longing for the past and the rural hometown in the face of modern changes. Recommended background: one course in Asian studies. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 20. Staff.
JPN s50. Independent Study.Students, in consultation with a faculty advisor, individually design and plan a course of study or research not offered in the curriculum. Course work includes a reflective component, evaluation, and completion of an agreed-upon product. Sponsorship by a faculty member in the program/department, a course prospectus, and permission of the chair are required. Students may register for no more than one independent study during a Short Term. Normally offered every year. Staff.
Interdisciplinary Programs

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

East Asian Studies

The East Asian studies major provides students with a broad introduction to the cultures and societies of East Asia and their interrelationships. The major includes, first, a core curriculum that consists of two years of Chinese or Japanese language study as well as two courses introducing the East Asian experience, and, second, a major concentration that focuses either on traditional or modern society and culture. East Asian studies majors are also encouraged to spend at least one semester at an approved program in mainland China, Taiwan, or Japan. Majors in Chinese or Japanese may count no more than two courses toward both their major in East Asian Studies and their major in Chinese or Japanese.

Major Requirements Beginning with the Class of 2012.

Students majoring in East Asian studies must complete the core requirement, a major concentration, and the thesis sequence. Students must take at least one course dealing primarily with China and one dealing primarily with Japan.

The following core courses are required of all majors:
1) four courses of Chinese language and AS/HI 171 or four courses of Japanese language and AS/HI 172.
2) ASIA 110.
3) each major elects a major concentration, either East Asian Cultural Traditions or Modern East Asian Society and Culture.

East Asian Cultural Traditions:

a) three courses on traditional East Asian culture from at least two of the following four groups:
I) literature: AS/JA 125, AS/JA 220, AS/CI 207, FYS 280, FYS 386.
II) visual art: AV/AS 234, AV/AS 243, AV/AS 246, AVC s10.
III) religion: AS/RE 208, AS/RE 209, AS/RE 251, AS/RE 309.
IV) history: AS/HI 173, AS/HI 278, AS/HI 390T, or AS/HI 171, or AS/HI 172 if not taken as a core course.

b) any course from the general list of courses in the East Asian studies major that follows.

Modern East Asian Society and Culture:

a) two courses on contemporary East Asian society drawn from the following offerings in economics, psychology, and modern history: AS/CI 225, AS/EC 241, AS/EC 242, AS/PY 260, AS/HI 274, AS/HI 276, AS/HI 277, AS/HI 390G.
b) one course on modern East Asian culture from the following list: AS/JA 130, AS/JA 210, AS/JA 218, AS/JA s27, AS/CI 206, AS/CI 211, FYS 277, INDS 255.
c) any course from the general list of courses in the East Asian studies major that follows.

The Thesis Sequence. In addition to taking ASIA 457 and/or 458, written under the direction of an advisor in East Asian studies, majors must take ASIA 320 in the fall of the senior year.

Students may petition the Asian studies program to have relevant courses taken in their study-abroad program (including the Bates Fall Semester Abroad) applied toward the fulfillment of the major requirements except for ASIA 110 and the thesis sequence.

Major Requirements for the Class of 2011.

Students are required to organize their study of East Asia around two years of Chinese or Japanese language study and are strongly urged to spend at least one semester at an approved program in mainland China, Taiwan, or Japan. Majors must take at least one course dealing primarily with China and one dealing primarily with Japan. Students are urged to take at least one course that addresses premodern culture in China or Japan and another course addressing the modern period in China or Japan.

The major requires ten courses, plus a thesis, including:

1) four courses of Chinese or Japanese language.

2) AS/HI 171 or 172.

3) two courses from two of the following four groups:
a) AS/CI 207 or AS/JA 125;
b) AS/EC 241, or 242;
c) AS/RE 208 or 209;
d) AV/AS 246 or 247;

4) three additional courses focusing on East Asia, no more than one of which may be a language course.

5) ASIA 457 and/or 458, a senior thesis, written under the direction of a faculty advisor in Asian studies.

Pass/Fail Grading Option. Pass/fail grading may not be elected for courses applied toward the major in East Asian studies.

Minor in Asian Studies. Students may fulfill a minor in Asian studies by completing six courses from the list of courses in Asian studies. In consultation with an Asian studies faculty member (chosen or appointed by the Asian studies chair) and in accordance with program guidelines, students may design their own course of study. Among the six courses, at least four should be related as a coherent group. Examples include a group of courses related to Buddhist studies, South Asia, gender issues, environmental concerns, a specific historical period, or the socioeconomic or political situation of a particular region.

The minor may include one Short Term course and a maximum of four language courses. No more than two of those language courses may be counted toward the coherent group. With the approval of the minor advisor, students may apply up to two courses taken on study-abroad programs toward the minor, as well as courses taken on Bates Fall Semester Abroad programs in Asia. Majors in Chinese, Japanese, or East Asian studies may count no more than two courses toward both the Asian studies minor and their major.

The following courses may be taken to fulfill the East Asian studies major:

AV/AS 234. Chinese Visual Culture.
AV/AS 243. Buddhist Visual Worlds.
AV/AS 246. Visual Narratives: Storytelling in East Asian Art.
AV/AS 247. The Art of Zen Buddhism.
AVC s10. A Cultural Walk into China.

AS/JA 125. Japanese Literature and Society.
AS/JA 130. Japanese Film.
AS/HI 171. China and Its Culture.
AS/HI 172. Japan: Myth, Stereotype, Reality.
AS/CI 206. Modern China through Film and Fiction.
AS/CI 207. Traditional Chinese Literature in Translation.
AS/RE 208. Religions in China.
AS/RE 209. Religions in Japan.
AS/CI 211. Film and Chinese Modernity.
AS/JA 220. The Myth of the Samurai.
AS/CI 225. Art and Politics in China.
AS/EC 241. China's Economic Reforms.
AS/EC 242. Work and Workers in China.
AS/RE 251. Religions of Tibet.
AS/PY 260. Cultural Psychology.
AS/HI 274. China in Revolution.
AS/HI 276. Japan since 1945 through Film and Literature.
AS/HI 278. Taiwan.
AS/RE 308. Buddhist Texts in Translation.
AS/RE 309. Buddhism in East Asia.
ASIA 360. Independent Study.
AS/HI 390G East Asia: Crimes of Modernity.
AS/HI 390T. Women and Men in Japanese History.
AS/HI s25. Americans in Japan.
AS/JA s27. Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

CHI 101-102. Beginning Chinese I and II.
CHI 201-202. Intermediate Chinese.
CHI 301-302. Upper-Level Modern Chinese.
CHI 401-402. Advanced Chinese I and II.
CHI 415. Readings in Classical Chinese.
CHI 421. Readings in Modern Chinese Culture.
CHI s30. Chinese Calligraphy and Etymology.

EN/WS 121G. Asian American Women Writers.
EN/WS 395S. Asian American Women Writers, Filmmakers, and Critics.

FYS 277. The Fantastic in Modern Japan.
FYS 280. Confucius: Faith and Transgression.
FYS 348. Literature through Cataclysm.
FYS 386. Chinese Traditions, Great and Small.

INDS 255. Modern Japanese Women Writers.

JPN 101-102. Beginning Japanese I and II.
JPN 201-202. Intermediate Japanese I and II.
JPN 301-302. Intermediate Japanese III and IV.
JPN 401-402. Advanced Japanese I and II.

In addition to the courses listed above for a major in East Asian studies, the following courses may be taken to fulfill the minor in Asian studies:

ANTH 240. Person and Society in South Asia.
AN/RE 263. Buddhism and the Social Order.

AV/RE 244. Visual Narratives in South and Southeast Asia.
AV/AS 245. Architectural Monuments of Southeast Asia.
AVC 248. Rock-Cut Temples in Asia.
AV/AS 380. Stupas: Forms and Meanings.
AV/AS s16. Understanding Vietnam: Its History and Culture.

ASIA 106. Desire, Devotion, Suffering.
AS/RE 249. The Hindu Tradition.
AS/RE 250. The Buddhist Tradition.
AS/MU 252. Musics of Southeast Asia.
ASIA s10. Introduction to South Asian Civilization.
ASIA s22A. Indian Lyrical Traditions: Writing Attentive.
ASIA s22B. Indian Lyrical Traditions.

ENG 395G. Literature and Cultural Critique.

FYS 289. The Life of Buddha.
FYS 307. Islam.
FYS 346. Desire, Devotion, Suffering.

Pass/Fail Grading Option. Pass/fail grading may be elected for one course applied toward the minor in Asian studies.

Courses
ASIA 106. Desire, Devotion, Suffering.Despite the fame of its otherworldly philosophies, classical and medieval India produced a wealth of sensual, evocative literature focusing on pleasure and passion. A selection of lyric, dramatic, and epic poetry (in English translation) from various regions highlights these preoccupations among humans, demons, and gods. The poems deal with erotic desire and disgust; earthly love carried into spiritual realms; and the transformation of erotic deprivation into spiritual prestige. The course introduces specific Northern and Southern Indian traditions featuring Buddhist, Hindu, and Muslim poets. Lectures and prose readings provide cultural background and interpretive strategies; music, slides, and film clips connecting literature to the performing and visual arts are also considered. Not open to students who have received credit for First-Year Seminars 346. Enrollment limited to 20. Normally offered every year. S. Sengupta.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

ASIA 110. East Asia between Tradition and Modernity.China, Japan, and Korea each had a watershed moment in which they transformed themselves into modern, independent nations. This course is an introduction to a crucial period in East Asian cultural history, but also provides a basic knowledge of traditional cultures. The Meiji Restoration, the colonization of East Asia, and the Chinese Revolution are examined through an interdisciplinary approach that draws from intellectual history, literature, and visual and performing arts. No previous course work in Asian studies is required. Enrollment limited to 50. Normally offered every year. B. Steininger.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

AS/JA 125. Japanese Literature and Society.This course examines major trends in Japanese literature and society from its beginnings to the modern period. Students consider well-known stories, plays, and novels from the classical, medieval, early modern, and modern periods, placing each text within its unique sociohistorical context. All readings are in English. [W2] Normally offered every year. S. Strong.
Concentrations
AS/JA 130. Japanese Film.This course introduces students to Japanese cinema and criticism. Students consider the aesthetic style and narrative themes of films from the silent era to the present day, focusing on directors such as Ozu Yasujiro, Kurosawa Akira, and Kitano Takeshi. They explore such questions as: Is there a distinctive Japanese film style? How do cinematic techniques such as camera movement and editing relate to story? How do films relate to their particular historical and cultural moment? In addition to viewing films, students read Japanese film history and criticism. No prior familiarity with Japan is required. Conducted in English. Staff.
Concentrations
AS/HI 171. China and Its Culture.An overview of Chinese civilization from the god-kings of the second millennium and the emergence of the Confucian familial state in the first millennium B.C.E., through the expansion of the hybrid Sino-foreign empires, to the revolutionary transformation of Chinese society by internal and external pressures in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Not open to students who have received credit for History 171. Enrollment limited to 48. (East Asian.) (Premodern.) Normally offered every year. D. Grafflin.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

AS/HI 172. Japan: Myths, Stereotypes, and Realities.This course surveys the development of Japanese culture and society from earliest times to the mid-nineteenth century, and discusses myths, stereotypes, and realities about Japan's so-called traditions and characteristics. Topics include the emperor's institution, samurai (warrior) culture, women's place in society, feudalism versus anti-authoritarian tradition, cosmopolitanism versus isolationism, and towns and villages, all in a comparative framework of world history. In addition to reading primary sources, class participants regularly watch taped segments on relevant topics from Japanese television programs. Not open to students who have received credit for History 172. Enrollment limited to 48. (East Asian.) (Premodern.) Normally offered every year. A. Hirai.
Concentrations
AS/HI 173. Korea and Its Culture.The course examines the distinctive evolution of Korean civilization within the East Asian cultural sphere, from its myths of origin through its struggles to survive amidst powerful neighbors, to the twentieth-century challenges of colonial domination and its poisonous legacies of civil war and division, and the puzzles of redefining a hierarchical Neo-Confucian state in the context of global capitalism. Enrollment limited to 48. (East Asian.) (Premodern.) D. Grafflin.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

AS/CI 206. Modern China through Film and Fiction.This course explores modern China through a number of short stories and feature films produced in the twentieth century, from Lu Hsun's fiction of the 1920s to recent films directed by such directors as Zhang Yimou and Ang Lee. The course focuses on ways of interpreting different cultural products of modern China, but students also gain a general knowledge of the history of modern Chinese fiction and film. All readings, lectures, and discussions are in English. Not open to students who have received credit for Chinese 209. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 35. Offered with varying frequency. S. Yang.
Concentrations
AS/CI 207. Traditional Chinese Literature in Translation.An exploration of Chinese literature through reading and discussion of some of its masterworks of poetry, drama, fiction, and belles-lettres prose from ancient times through the premodern era. Not open to students who have received credit for Chinese 207. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 25. [W2] Normally offered every year. S. Yang.
Concentrations
AS/RE 208. Religions in China.A study of the various religious traditions of China in their independence and interaction. The course focuses on the history, doctrines, and practices of Daoism, Confucianism, and various schools of Mahayana Buddhism. Readings include basic texts and secondary sources. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 40. J. Strong.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

AS/RE 209. Religions in Japan.A study of the various religious traditions of Japan in their independence and interaction. The course focuses on the doctrines and practices of Shinto, folk religion, and various schools of Buddhism. These are considered in the context of Japanese history and culture and set against their Korean and Chinese backgrounds. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 40. J. Strong.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

AS/JA 210. Heterogeneous Japan.Scholars of Japan have long portrayed Japan as culturally homogenous. In recent years, however, people in and outside the academy have begun to challenge this assumption. In this course, students examine autobiography, fiction, and films that emphasize Japan's ethnic, regional, and socioeconomic diversity. Readings also may include historical and analytical essays and theoretical works on the relationship of modernity, national identity, and narrative. Conducted in English. Open to first-year students. Staff.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

AS/CI 211. Film and Chinese Modernity.This course explores the role film has played in China's ongoing construction of modernity since the end of the nineteenth century. Discussion focuses not only on the social and historical context of Chinese films, but also on various kinds of cinematic languages through which Chinese filmmakers articulate their ideas, especially those involving debates concerning tradition, modernity, revolution, gender, sexuality, and national identity, as well as Chinese filmmakers' responses to constructions of the cultural "other" in Western films. Conducted in English. Not open to students who have received credit for Chinese 211. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 25. Offered with varying frequency. Staff.
Concentrations
AS/JA 218. Popular Culture in Contemporary Japan.In recent years a new image of Japan has become popular among younger generations around the industrialized world. Japan does no longer conjure images of geisha, samurai, zen monks, and World War II soldiers. To many, Japan now means primarily manga (comic books), anime (animated films), pop music, videogames, karaoke, and sushi. This course examines contemporary Japanese popular culture from its early modern origins, in order to understand how it is consumed and reproduced, the role it plays in the construction of gender, and the place it occupies in the complex relationship between national identity and globalization. Recommended background: previous experience in East Asian culture. Enrollment limited to 30. Staff.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

AS/JA 220. The Myth of the Samurai.The samurai, the sword-wielding warrior with his strict bushido code of honor, is one of the most enduring images of Japan, both in the West and among the Japanese themselves. This course acquaints students with the decidedly less glamorous reality of the samurai. Students explore the myths surrounding the warrior through medieval war tales, Noh and Kabuki plays, short stories, and intellectual writings. Discussions focus on the shifting meanings invested in the image of the samurai by different writers and audiences over the centuries. Recommended background: one course in Japanese culture, history, or language. Conducted in English. Not open to students who have received credit for Asian Studies/Japanese 310 or Japanese 310. Not open to students who have received credit for AS/JA 310 or Japanese 310. Enrollment limited to 25. Staff.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

AS/CI 225. Art and Politics in China.This course examines the interactions between art and politics in the People's Republic of China since 1949. This course not only provides a close analysis of Chinese visual and performing arts as social, cultural, and political institutions, but also looks into the political struggles and intellectual debates that have shaped artistic creation. The dramatic dialogue between politics and artistic creation in China since 1949 has been the most obscure yet crucial part of the bigger picture of constructing a "socialistic culture" within the parameters prescribed by the Chinese Communist Party. Students consider such art forms as painting, propaganda posters, sculpture, music, film, dance, and theater. Cross-listed in Asian Studies, Japanese, and Women and Gender Studies. Enrollment limited to 40. Normally offered every year. X. Fan.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

AV/AS 234. Chinese Visual Culture.This course introduces Chinese visual cultures, from the Neolithic period to the present day, focusing on a period of particular cultural significance from the Han to Qing Dynasty. The course reveals interrelationships among Chinese art, literature, religious philosophy, and politics. Topics discussed include artists' places within specific social groups, theories of arts, questions of patronage, and the relation of traditional indigenous art forms to the evolving social and cultural orders from which they draw life. Principal objects include ritual objects, bronze vessels, ceramics, porcelain, lacquer ware, sculptures, rock-cut temples, gardens, painting, calligraphy, and wood-block prints. Recommended background: Asian Studies/History 171, Asian Studies/Religious Studies 208, and Chinese 261. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 45. T. Nguyen.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

AS/EC 241. China's Economic Reforms.China's economy, now among the world's largest, has grown more rapidly than any other nation's over the last three decades. In this course, students explore the dynamism of China's recent economic transformation and the challenges it faces in the context of the enormous structural changes China has experienced in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. They address fundamental questions about the transition from socialism, the nature of market systems, and how institutions and institutional change affect economic development. Prerequisite(s): Economics 101 or 103. Enrollment limited to 25. [W2] M. Maurer-Fazio.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

AS/EC 242. Work and Workers in China.In this course students investigate how China's economic reforms are affecting the working lives and well-being of its immense work force. Over the last three decades, China has experienced rapid structural change as tens of millions of Chinese have moved out of the agriculture sector and into the industrial and service sectors. The concomitant migration of workers from the countryside to urban areas is the largest migration in human history. Students focus on the distributional implications of China's reform experience. They consider which institutional legacies are shaping emerging labor markets, how far China has moved toward a market-determined labor system, and which segments of China's enormous population have benefited and which have been harmed by the reforms. Prerequisite(s): Economics 101 or 103. Enrollment limited to 25. M. Maurer-Fazio.
Concentrations
AV/AS 243. Buddhist Visual Worlds.The course examines the history of Buddhist visual cultures. It provides a basic introduction to a broad spectrum of Buddhist art, beginning with the emergence of early Buddhist sculpture in India and ending with modern Buddhist visual works. It examines selected works of architecture, sculpture, and paintings in their religious, social, and cultural contexts. It also briefly surveys regional Buddhism and its arts. Open to first-year students. [W2] Normally offered every year. T. Nguyen, Staff.
Concentrations
AV/AS 245. Architectural Monuments of Southeast Asia.This course examines the arts of Southeast Asia by focusing on significant monuments of the countries in the region. It examines the architecture, sculpture, and relief carvings on the ancient monuments and their relations to religious, cultural, political, and social contexts. Sites covered include Borobudur, Angkor, Pagan, Sukkhothai, and My-Son. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 40. T. Nguyen.
Concentrations
AV/AS 246. Visual Narratives: Storytelling in East Asian Art.This course examines the important artistic tradition of narrative painting in China and Japan. Through study of visually narrative presentations of religious, historical, and popular stories, the course explores different contexts in which the works—tomb, wall, and scroll paintings—were produced. The course introduces various modes of visual analysis and art-historical contexts. Topics include narrative theory, text-image relationships, elite patronage, and gender representation. Recommended background: Asian Studies/History 171, 172, and Asian Studies/Japanese 125. Open to first-year students. T. Nguyen.
Concentrations
AV/AS 247. The Art of Zen Buddhism.The art of Zen (Chan) as the unique and unbounded expression of the liberated mind has attracted Westerners since the mid-twentieth century. But what is Zen, its art, and its culture? This course considers the historical development of Zen art and its use in several genres within monastic and lay settings. It also examines the underlying Buddhist concepts of Zen art. The course aims to help students understand the basic teachings of Zen and their expression in architecture, gardens, sculpture, painting, poetry, and calligraphy. Recommended background: Art and Visual Culture/Asian Studies 243, Asian Studies/Religious Studies 208, 209, 250, or 309. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 30. T. Nguyen.
Concentrations
AS/RE 249. The Hindu Tradition.An examination, through the use of primary and secondary texts, of the various traditions of Hinduism, with some consideration of their relation to Jainism and Indian Buddhism. Special attention is paid to the Vedas, Upanishads, and Bhagavad-Gita, as well as to the classical myths of Hinduism embodied in the Puranas, and to ritual and devotional practices. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 40. S. Schomburg.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

AS/RE 250. The Buddhist Tradition.The course focuses on the Buddha's life and teachings; on early Buddhism in India and the rise of various Buddhist schools of thought; on the development of Mahayana philosophies; on rituals, meditation, and other forms of expression in India and Southeast Asia. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 40. J. Strong.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

AS/RE 251. Religions of Tibet.Tibetan religions are a complex mixture of Indian, Chinese, and indigenous elements. This course focuses on the history, doctrines, practices, literatures, major personalities, and communities of the different religious traditions that are expressions of this mixture, including the rNying ma, bKa' brgyud, Sa skya, and dGe lugs sects of Buddhism as well as the Bön and "folk" traditions. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 40. J. Strong.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

AS/MU 252. Musics of Southeast Asia.Designed for students interested in performing arts cultures based outside the West, this course introduces selected historical and contemporary musical traditions of mainland and island Southeast Asia. The integration of music, dance, theater, and ritual is a unifying theme of the course. Special attention is given to historical and contemporary gong-chime cultures of the region. The study of Southeast Asian arts contributes to students' understanding of the region. Several practical sessions, in which students learn to play instruments of the Bates Gamelan Orchestra, enhance the grasp of formal principles common to a variety of Southeast Asian musics. Prerequisite(s): any course in music or Asian studies. Open to first-year students. [W2] G. Fatone.
Concentrations
INDS 255. Modern Japanese Women Writers.How do Japanese women writers of the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries portray the complexities of today's world? How do they negotiate the gendered institutions of the society in which they live? What values do they assign to being a woman, to being Japanese? Students consider issues such as family, power, gender roles, selfhood, and the female body in reading a range of novels, short stories, and poems. Authors may include Enchi Fumiko, Ohba Minako, Kurahashi Yumiko, Tsushima Yuko, Tawara Machi, Yamada Eimi, and Yoshimoto Banana. Readings and discussion are in English. Cross-listed in Asian studies, Japanese, and women and gender studies. Not open to students who have received credit for JA/WS 255. Open to first-year students. [W2] S. Strong.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

AS/PY 260. Cultural Psychology.This course provides an introduction to the theoretical perspectives and research findings of cultural psychology, with an emphasis on comparisons between North American and East Asian cultural groups. Topics include defining culture as a topic of psychological inquiry; the methods of conducting cultural research; the debate between universality versus cultural specificity of psychological processes; acculturation and multiculturalism; and cultural influences on thought, emotion, motivation, personality, abnormality, and social behavior. Prerequisite(s): Psychology 101. Enrollment limited to 50. (Diversity.) Normally offered every year. H. Boucher.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

AS/HI 274. China in Revolution.Modern China's century of revolutions, from the disintegration of the traditional empire in the late nineteenth century, through the twentieth-century attempts at reconstruction, to the tenuous stability of the post-Maoist regime. Recommended background: History 171. Not open to students who have received credit for History 274. Enrollment limited to 40. (East Asian.) Normally offered every year. D. Grafflin.
Concentrations
AS/HI 276. Japan since 1945 through Film and Literature.This course on Japan since World War II offers brief survey of Japan's prewar history, followed by a detailed analysis of postwar developments. The focus is cultural and social history, but these aspects of postwar Japan are examined in their political, economic, and international context. Study materials combine great works of literature and film with scholarly writings on related subjects. Kurosawa's Rashomon is viewed in conjunction with a book on the Tokyo War Crimes Trials. Kobo Abe's novels and their film renditions are coupled with excerpts from Marx's treatises on alienation in capitalist society. Not open to students who have received credit for History 276. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 40. (East Asian.) A. Hirai.
Concentrations
AS/HI 277. Race, Empire, War: World War II in Asia and the Pacific.This course examines Japan's war against the United States within a larger context of the Sino-Japanese War and World War II in Europe, and attempts to debunk myths about Japan's fanaticism in executing a holy war. After surveying Japan's geopolitical, strategic, and diplomatic intrigues, the roles of culture and ideology, and above all, comprehensive war goals, students write a research paper that explores how a trans-Pacific war resulted in a creation of a far more complex new Asia. Participants learn to analyze (in English translation) Japanese archival materials, pamphlets, memoirs, and other publications. Not open to students who have received credit for History 277 or 390A. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 40. (East Asian.) A. Hirai.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

AS/HI 278. Taiwan.On 20 May 2000, with the inauguration of a president from the opposition, Taiwan added political democracy to the list of Chinese historical achievements. This course surveys the history of the island from seventeenth-century piracy to a geopolitical flashpoint. Not open to students who have received credit for History 278. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 40. (East Asian.) D. Grafflin.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

AS/RE 308. Buddhist Texts in Translation.This seminar involves the close reading and discussion of a number of texts representing a variety of Buddhist traditions. Emphasis is placed on several different genres including canonical sutras, commentarial exegeses, philosophical treatises, and popular legends. Prerequisite(s): Asian Studies/Religious Studies 250, Anthropology/Religious Studies 263, or Art and Visual Culture/Asian Studies 243. Enrollment limited to 15. [W2] J. Strong.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

AS/RE 309. Buddhism in East Asia.This seminar focuses on the teachings, traditions, and contemplative practices of a number of East Asian schools of Buddhism, including the Tiantai (Tendai), Huayan (Kegon), Chan (Zen), Zhenyan (Shingon), and Pure Land traditions. Special consideration is given to the question of the continuities and discontinuities in the ways these schools became established in China, Korea, and Japan. Prerequisite(s): one of the following: Asian Studies/Religious Studies 208, 209, or 250. Enrollment limited to 15. [W2] J. Strong.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

ASIA 320. Old/Young, Man/Woman: Individual and Society in East Asia.This advanced seminar provides key tools for the study of modern and contemporary East Asia. It takes a multidisciplinary approach, giving particular attention to literature and visual and performing arts, making use of a heterogeneous body of primary sources and criticism. Topics include age and gender, the construction of national and personal identity, the consequences of colonialism, and the heritage of traditional culture in contemporary society. This course is designed for students who have traveled in East Asia or have a significant background in one or more aspects of East Asian cultures, as it lends theoretical perspectives to students' experiences. The course also aims to strengthen senior thesis proposals in East Asian studies. Prerequisite(s): two courses in Asian Studies. Normally offered every year. B. Steininger.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

INDS 333. Goddesses and Goddess Worship in India."Jai Ma!"—"Victory to the Mother!"—is a cry that resounds throughout India. From the feminine deities familiar across India to local goddess cults, devotion to the divine feminine plays a central role in Hindu religious traditions. Both benevolent and terror-inspiring, protective and destructive, goddesses display multiple characteristics and fulfill multiple roles in the Hindu religious universe. This course examines textual sources, anthropological case studies, and visual resources in an in-depth exploration of Hindu goddess traditions that also considers how gender functions in religious imagination and how this relates to social structures. Recommended background: Asian Studies/Religious Studies 249 or Anthropology 264. Cross-listed in Asian studies, religious studies, and women and gender studies. Enrollment limited to 15. S. Schomburg.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

ASIA 360. Independent Study.Students, in consultation with a faculty advisor, individually design and plan a course of study or research not offered in the curriculum. Course work includes a reflective component, evaluation, and completion of an agreed-upon product. Sponsorship by a faculty member in the program/department, a course prospectus, and permission of the chair are required. Students may register for no more than one independent study per semester. Normally offered every semester. Staff.
Interdisciplinary Programs

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

AV/AS 380. Stupas: Forms and Meanings.Stupas are the most pervasive and symbolic form of Buddhist architecture in Asia. Buddhist stupas serve as the symbols of illumination, and repositories for the relics of revered persons. They also serve as universal symbols, embodiments of metaphysical principles and multivalent meanings. This seminar not only examines different architectural forms of stupas, but also studies religious concepts and symbolic meanings expressed in stupas in Buddhist Asia. Recommended background: one of the following: Anthropology 244, Art and Visual Culture/Asian Studies 243, Asian Studies/Religious Studies 250, 251, 308, or 309. Enrollment limited to 15. [W2] T. Nguyen.
Concentrations
AS/HI 390G. East Asia: Crimes of Modernity.Modernization came to East Asia in a context of violence. The academic abstractions of imperialism, colonialism, revolution, and civil war were experienced on the ground as shattering transgressions and transformations of the traditional social, political, and economic orders, generating shock waves that continue to spread. This seminar proposes as a model researcher the homicide detective, working to build an explanatory context around deadly ruptures of civilized existence. Prerequisite(s): Asian Studies/History 171, 172, 173, 274, 276, 277, or 278. Enrollment limited to 15. (East Asian.) [W2] Normally offered every year. D. Grafflin.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

AS/HI 390T. Men and Women in Japanese History.The seminar examines women and men in Japanese history from ancient to modern times. Study materials are taken from various sources: myths, government documents, literary works, scholarly writings, and films. Some of the personalities portrayed in these sources are historical figures, others are fictive. Together they enable students to follow the evolution of the relationship between the sexes as well as their respective lives in history. The course attempts to identify religious, economic, political, biographical, and other variables that best explain gender roles and relations. It also introduces perspectives comparing Japanese experiences and ideas with those in other parts of the world. Not open to students who have received credit for History 390T. Enrollment limited to 15. (East Asian.) [W2] A. Hirai.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

ASIA 457. Senior Thesis.An extended research project on a topic relevant to East Asian society and culture that adopts one or more of the disciplinary approaches represented in the Asian studies curriculum. Students register for 457 in the fall semester and for 458 in the winter semester unless the Asian studies program committee gives approval for a two-semester project. Majors invited to pursue honors register for 457 and 458, contingent on the approval of the program committee. [W3] Normally offered every year. Staff.
Interdisciplinary Programs

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

ASIA 457, 458. Senior Thesis.An extended research project on a topic relevant to East Asian society and culture that adopts one or more of the disciplinary approaches represented in the Asian studies curriculum. Students register for 457 in the fall semester and for 458 in the winter semester unless the Asian studies program committee gives approval for a two-semester project. Majors invited to pursue honors register for 457 and 458, contingent on the approval of the program committee. [W3] Normally offered every year. Staff.
Interdisciplinary Programs

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

ASIA 458. Senior Thesis.An extended research project on a topic revelant to East Asian society and culture that adopts one or more of the disciplinary approaches represented in the Asian Studies curriculum. Students register for 457 in the fall semester and for 458 in the winter semester unless the Asian studies program committee gives approval for a two-semester project. Majors invited to pursue honors register for 457 and 458, contingent on the approval of the program committee. [W3] Normally offered every year. Staff.
Interdisciplinary Programs

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

Short Term Courses
ASIA s10. Introduction to South Asian Civilization.This course acquaints students with the geography, history, society, languages, and cultures of South Asia. The course covers the Indus valley, Vedic culture, classical India, medieval kingdoms, the Mughal Empire, and British India, and ends with a look at rapidly changing independent India. Students consider the Indian subcontinent both in terms of its staggering diversity and recurring divisiveness as well as its cyclical movements toward unity. This introductory course complements more specialied courses on South Asian religion, art, literature, politics, and music. Open to first-year students. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 30. Normally offered every other year. S. Sengupta.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

AV/AS s16. Understanding Vietnam: Its History and Culture.In this course students consider a wide range of Vietnamese history and culture through a multidisciplinary lens. Students explore Vietnam within the framework and context of specific historical and visual culture, ranging from ancient monuments to contemporary sites. Students visit a variety of field sites including national museums, historical monuments, imperial palaces and tombs, and traditional craft villages, as well as important sites of battles during the Vietnam War. Students discuss background texts and field trip experiences in light of their historical and cultural contexts. Recommended background: Art and Visual Culture 245 or s29. Enrollment limited to 14. Instructor permission is required. T. Nguyen.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

ASIA s22A. Indian Lyrical Traditions: Writing Attentive.Much of premodern literature from India consists of poignant, sensual love poetry, full of pining heroines whose bodies are "scalded by moonlight" or enamored male heroes whose feet are "pricked by thorns." This course introduces students to translated poetry from several classical and medieval Indian traditions and languages (Sanskrit, Prakrit, Brajhbhasha, Urdu, Bengali, Tamil), accompanied by interpretive orientations and related material from visual arts, music, and dance. Students engage with the traditions creatively by composing their own poems (in English) according to various conventions. At the end of the term, the class presents a public reading of selected student works. Open to first-year students. Not open to students who have received credit for Asian Studies s22 or s22B, or First-Year Seminars 321. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 10. [W1] Normally offered every other year. S. Sengupta.
ASIA s22B. Indian Lyrical Traditions.Much of premodern literature from India consists of poignant, sensual love poetry, full of pining heroines whose bodies are "scalded by moonlight" or enamored male heroes whose feet are "pricked by thorns." This course introduces students to translated poetry from several classical and medieval Indian traditions and languages (Sanskrit, Prakrit, Brajhbhasha, Urdu, Bengali, Tamil), accompanied by interpretive orientations and related material from visual arts, music, and dance. Students engage with the traditions creatively by composing their own poems—in English—according to various conventions. At the end of the term, the class presents a public reading of selected student works. Not open to students who have received credit for Asian Studies s22 or s22A, or First-Year Seminars 321. Enrollment limited to 20. Normally offered every other year. S. Sengupta.
Interdisciplinary Programs

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

AS/HI s25. Americans in Japan.The course considers Americans who visited Japan since the first contact between the two nations in 1853. Focusing on the period before World War II, students examine the motivations and goals of these sojourners, and what they accomplished in their travels. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 20. (East Asian.) Normally offered every year. A. Hirai.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

AS/HI s26. North Korea.In the age of globalization, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) is the most conspicuous exception to almost every generalization about contemporary nation-states. Aggressive and vulnerable, defiant and isolationist, it manages to induce governmental nightmares in all of its neighbors and the United States. The aim of the course is to see how the DPRK makes sense on its own terms. Recommended background: Asian Studies/History 173. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 30. Normally offered every year. D. Grafflin.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

AS/JA s27. Hiroshima and Nagasaki.The technologies of the industrial and postindustrial age have made possible a scale of destruction that seems impossible for human beings either to grasp or perhaps even to survive. Japan is the only nation to have experienced attack by atomic weapons. What is the role of art, literature, film, and journalism in expressing the "inexpressible" and possibly preventing its reoccurrence? This course examines Japanese and Korean responses to the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Not open to students who have received credit for Japanese s27. Enrollment limited to 30. S. Strong.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

ASIA s50. Independent Study.Students, in consultation with a faculty advisor, individually design and plan a course of study or research not offered in the curriculum. Course work includes a reflective component, evaluation, and completion of an agreed-upon product. Sponsorship by a faculty member in the program/department, a course prospectus, and permission of the chair are required. Students may register for no more than one independent study per semester. Normally offered every year. Staff.
Interdisciplinary Programs

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)