General Education Concentrations

General Education requirements for students entering the College as members of the Class of 2011 and beyond are described in detail on page XX. One of those General Education requirements is the successful completion of two General Education concentrations. Concentrations challenge students to develop both breadth and depth in areas of study outside their major. Each concentration consists of four courses chosen from a faculty-designed menu that is structured on the basis of a clearly articulated organizing principle. Some concentrations focus on a particular issue or topic or area of inquiry identified by several professors working across different disciplines; others are formed within a single discipline. Some concentrations may include relevant co-curricular experiences such as significant community service, orchestra, chorus, or volunteer work. The concentration requirements may also be fulfilled by completing a minor or a second major. General Education concentrations appear on the transcript.

The concentrations currently offered are described briefly below. A full description of each concentration—including its requirements, course list, and eligible co-curricular components—is available in the online catalog (www.bates.edu/catalog) .

Concentrations
Ancient Greek (C020)
A concentration that provides students with skills and insights in Greek language and literature. H. Walker.
Requirements
Four courses, of which only two may be taken at the 100-level and only two may be taken at the 200-level. Two non-Bates course may be applied toward the concentration if judged comparable to one of those below by the concentration coordinator and with prior approval.
Applying Mathematical Methods (C006)
This concentration encourages students to appreciate the utility of mathematics, make connections between mathematics and other subjects, and apply mathematical methods in a relevant discipline (e.g., natural or social sciences, arts, humanities) or in a real-world setting (e.g., traffic control, scheduling, manufacturing). B. Shulman.
Requirements
Two mathematics-based courses from the following list: BI/MA255A, BIO 244, ECON 250 and 255, EC/MA 342, MATH 205, 206, 214, 215, 219, 255B, 255C, 355A, 355B, 355C, 355D, s21, s45D, s45J, s45K, s45m, s45N, s45P, PHYS 216, 301. The other two applications-based courses should be drawn from the remainder of courses offered in the concentration. One of the courses may be replaced by a supervised research position or internship approved by the appropriate department. In addition to the four courses or co-curricular components, students are expected to complete an integrative project that demonstrates mastery of applied mathematical methods. This project is usually completed in the context of a course or co-curricular experience. Students are expected to present their project in a public forum (e.g., class presentation, conference, Mount David Summit). Students are required to consult with the concentration coordinator as early as possible for advice and guidance in completing this project. A maximum of two courses taken abroad (one in mathematics and one in an applied discipline) may be substituted for Bates courses, with prior approval of the concentration coordinator. This concentration is not open to students who have declared a minor in mathematics.
Courses
Co-curricular Activities
Research Experience/Internship.
A supervised research experience such as an NSF Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU) position or an appropriate internship may replace one mathematics-based or one applications-based course, depending on the content. Supervised by the appropriate department or program.
Archeology and Material Culture (C025)
This concentration acquaints students with archeology, the subfield of anthropology dealing with the study of material remains and the study of material culture from other theoretical perspectives. S. Kemper.
Requirements
Four courses, one of which must be a methodology class from the following list: ANTH 103, 219, s32. One co-curricular component involving substantial archeological fieldwork may be substituted for a course, at the discretion of the anthropology department. One non-Bates course may be applied toward the concentration if judged comparable to one of those below by the concentration coordinator and with prior approval. This concentration is not open to students who have declared a major or minor in anthropology.
Co-curricular Activities
Fieldwork.
Substantial fieldwork on an archeological dig Supervised by the anthropology department.
Internship.
Supervised by the anthropology department.
Asian Modernity (C053)
This concentration offers students an opportunity to consider the effects of imperialism, globalization, and rapid development on the societies of Asia. One non-Bates course may be applied toward this concentration if judged appropriate upon application to the coordinator. S. Kemper.
Requirements
Any four courses/units. Participation in an off-campus study program in Asia may substitute for one course/unit.
Asian Narrative Traditions (C052)
This concentration explores stories and strategies of storytelling in Asian traditions past and present in literature and in film and other visual arts. S. Strong.
Requirements
Any four courses/units. Two non-Bates courses may be applied toward the concentration if judged comparable to one of those below by the concentration coordinator and with prior approval. Not open to students who have declared a major or minor in Chinese or Japanese or to students who have declared the following concentration(s): C050. Women and Gender in Asia.
Beauty and Desire (C055)
What does beauty mean? Who arbitrates the boundary between the beautiful and the aberrant? How do we embody desire? This concentration analyzes the manufacture and manipulation of beauty, the politics of desire, and their cultural significance. R. Corrie.
Requirements
Four courses, with no more than two from any one department/program. One non-Bates course with a focus on issues of beauty and desire comparable to courses listed below may be applied toward this concentration if judged appropriate upon application to the coordinator.
Bridging El Atlántico (C016)
The Spanish language has been a bridge to communicate experiences and artistic proposals on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean. This concentration explores the cultural productions of the Spanish-speaking people of both sides of the Atlantic region, which include but are not limited to the courtly love tradition that emerged among Spanish-speaking Arab and Jewish poets, and its modern home in Latin American popular music; issues of environmental justice, gender, and race; the development of a transnational Spanish-language cinema industry that facilitates the circulation of artists and ideas; and the tradition of human rights in Latin America and Spain. B. Fra-Molinero.
Requirements
Four courses, with no more than two from amoung SPAN 207, 208, and 211. One non-Bates course may be applied toward the concentration if judged comparable to one of those below by the concentration coordinator and with prior approval.
Buddhism (C002)
This concentration brings together courses on Buddhism from a variety of perspectives. J. Strong.
Requirements
Any four course. Participation in an appropriate off-campus study program listed below may be substituted for one course with prior approval:
ISLE Program - Study abroad in Sri Lanka
SIT Program, Dharmsala - Tibetan studies off-campus study
Antioch College Buddhist Studies in Japan Program - Buddhist studies in Japan
Antioch College Buddhist Studies in India - Study abroad in Bodhgaya, India.
Additionally, one non-Bates course may be applied toward the concentration if judged comparable to one of those below by the concentration coordinator and with prior approval.
Chemistry (C003)
This concentration exposes students to core principles in chemistry and selected additional topics that students can tailor to their interests. R. Austin.
Requirements
(1) CHEM 107A or CH/ES 107B

(2) CHEM 108A or CH/ES 108B

(3) Any two other courses, at least one of which must be at the 200-level or above or s42 or s32 and which may include CHEM 217 or CHEM 218 but not both. A departmentally-approved summer research experience may be applied in place of one of these two courses. AP credit may not be used in lieu of any of the requirements in (1) or (2) above. Students with AP credit are encouraged to complete a chemistry minor. Biology and neuroscience majors are also encouraged to complete a chemistry minor. Two non-Bates courses may be applied toward the concentration if judged comparable to one of those below by the concentration coordinator and with prior approval. This concentration is not open to students who have declared a major in biology, neuroscience, or biological chemisty.
Co-curricular Activities
Independent Research.
A departmentally-approved summer research experience may be applied towards this concentration Supervised by the chemistry department.
Children, Adolescents, School (C030)
This concentration integrates the study of children and adolescents with the study of education. H. Regan.
Requirements
Four courses, two of which must be in psychology and two of which must be in education or three courses, at least one from each department, and one co-curricular experience. Students should consult the GEC co-ordinator about co-curricular experiences. One non-Bates course may be applied toward the concentration if judged comparable to one of those below by the concentration coordinator and with prior approval. Not open to students who declare a minor in teacher education or educational studies.
Chinese Language (C044)
This is a concentration in the study of Chinese language. S. Yang.
Requirements
Any four courses listed. Students entering Bates with proficiency in the language should begin the sequence of four courses of the concentration at the level at which they are initially placed. No more than two language courses taken in an approved study-abroad program in China may be counted toward the concentration with prior approval. Not open to students who declare a major or minor in Chinese or the following concentation(s): C047. Chinese Society and Culture.
Chinese Society and Culture (C047)
The concentration offers courses and units from a range of disciplines including history, literature, religious studies, economics, and language, which focus on China. D. Grafflin.
Requirements
Four courses/units, with no more than two of the following: CHI 101, 102, 201, 202, 301, 302, 401, 402. Up to two courses on a study abroad program in China may be counted toward the concentration with prior approval. Not open to students who declare a major or minor in Chinese or the following concentration(s): C044. Chinese Language.
The City in History: Urbanism and Constructed Spaces (C057)
This concentration addresses the role of urban centers in human culture from their emergence in earliest recorded history to the present. The study of urban forms, architecture, and spaces is by definition interdisciplinary, integrating social, political, historical, theoretical, geographical, technological, and aesthetic considerations. R. Corrie.
Requirements
Four courses, with no more than two from any one deparment/program. One non-Bates course that focuses on urban history, design and/or function may be applied toward this concentration if judged appropriate upon application to the coordinator. This may include supervised archeological field work, with approval of the coordinator.
Co-curricular Activities
Research project, internship, fieldwork, performance experience, volunteer work, or community work-study.
Supervised by the art and visual culture department.
Class, Inequity, Poverty, and Justice (C008)
This concentration focuses on class inequality and poverty from a social justice perspective. Courses are drawn from a variety of disciplinary and interdisciplinary perspectives, and include attention to national and international issues, the gendered and raced dynamics of class, material inequality and poverty, and social movements and social change. E. Rand.
Requirements
Four courses/units with a maximum of two courses/units from the same department/program. At least one course/unit must include a community engagement component, including the following: AC/HI 390B; ACS 220; ANTH 339; ED/SO 242; EDUC 250; EDUC S27; ED/WS 280; HIST 390W; PLTC s21; PY/SO S18; SOC 250; SOC 395K. Study abroad on a program with a social justice theme may count as one course toward the concentration with prior approval.
The Collaborative Project (C012)
To collaborate is to labor cooperatively with others toward an intellectual goal. In this concentration, students gain experience in an array of methods used to achieve effective collaboration in different contexts. Each course emphasizes collaborative process to generate action, original work, and/or live performance. P. Johnson.
Requirements
Four courses or three courses and one co-curricular component, with a maximum of two courses from any one department/program. Students selecting MUS 290 need to complete any two sections to receive credit for one course. No non-Bates credits may be applied to this concentration.
Co-curricular Activities
Music Performance.
Participation for two consecutive semesters in any one of the following ensembles may replace one course: College Choir, College Orchestra, Fiddle Band, Gamelan, Jazz Ensemble, Steel Orchestra Supervised by the music department.
Colonialism (C059)
Colonial expansion of European societies has had a profound effect in shaping the modern world culturally, politically, demographically, and ecologically. Its implications are addressed in one way or another by a majority of humanities and social science courses offered at Bates, and it has important implications for the sciences as well. This concentration addresses colonialism itself, allowing an examination of the commonalities and differences that have characterized the phenomenon since Roman times. B. Bourque.
Requirements
Any four courses/units. Two non-Bates courses may be applied toward the concentration if judged comparable to one of those below by the concentration coordinator and with prior approval.
Color: Sight and Perception (C036)
The perception of color is contextual and culturally determined. This concentration provides the opportunity to study color in theory and in practice, as cultural construct, and as concrete physical phenomenon. P. Johnson, R. Corrie.
Requirements
Four courses, with no more than three from any one department/program. One non-Bates course with a focus on issues of color, sight, and perception comparable to courses listed below may be applied toward this concentration if judged appropriate upon application to the coordinator.
Conflict and Threat: War and Disease (C064)
This concentration explores war and militarism, conflict and panic in the face of real and perceived threats, and the various social, cultural, political, and scientific responses to them. R. Corrie.
Requirements
Four courses, with no more than two from the same department/program. One non-Bates course may be applied toward this concentration if judged appropriate upon application to the coordinator.
Courses
Considering Africa (C022)
This concentration focuses on North and sub-Saharan Africa. Through a variety of disciplines students develop a complex understanding of the many African cultures, histories, social practices, art forms, political policies, economic challenges, and ecological issues. E. Eames.
Requirements
Four course. One approved co-curricular component or two non-Bates courses taken on the African continent may be applied toward this concentration with prior approval. As a capstone, senior concentrators present a reflection on their work in the concentration at the Mount David Summit.
Co-curricular Activities
Museum Project.
Long-term (one semester or one summer) museum project on Africa. Supervised by Alexandre Dauge-Roth.
Volunteer Work.
Long term (one semester or one summer) volunteer work with an African migrant community, including journal-writing. Supervised by Alexandre Dauge-Roth.
Performance experience.
Supervised by Alexandre Dauge-Roth.
Culture and Meaning (C026)
This concentration focuses on culture and meaning, the interpretive subfield of anthropology. S. Kemper.
Requirements
ANTH 101 and any three additional courses.One non-Bates course may be applied toward the concentration if judged comparable to one of those below by the concentration coordinator and with prior approval. This concentration is not open to students who have declared a major or minor in anthropology.
Dance (C011)
Focusing on dance as a performing art form, the concentration considers the practice of the art, its production, and an understanding of its cultural context. C. Dilley.
Requirements
Four courses in Dance, one of which must concentrate on dance theory (DANC 250, AA/DN 252, INDS 256) and one must focus studio dance technique (DANC 240, 340, or any two course .5 credit courses in the DANC 270 series).
Co-curricular Activities
Dance Performance.
Performance in five dance pieces within Dance program productions, for which no academic credit was received. To be approved by the Director of Dance. Supervised by .
Diasporas (C038)
The concept of the diaspora plays an extraordinarily important role in our understanding of contemporary culture. Through the diasporic processes of movement and displacement, cultures become caught up in an ongoing flow that links local communities to a rich global network of cultural practices and worldviews. These flows raise a number of questions: In what way do diasporic cultures respond to the dynamics of displacement, migration, and oppression? How might different media or diverse perspectives offer alternative understandings and expressions of these responses? In what way do diasporas from previous eras differ from those that have emerged from the contemporary contexts of globalization, the migration of refugees, and the turbulence of contemporary geopolitics? D. Chapman.
Requirements
Four courses from at least two departments/programs. Courses must include at least one course from each of the following lists:
List A: AA/AN 251; AA/AV s20; AA/EN 223, 268; AA/HI 390E; EN/ES 201; FRE 365H; INDS 220, 235, 262, 339.
List B: AN/RE 266; ANTH 264; AS/PT s28; ENG 260; EN/WS 121G, 395S; FRE 208, s35, HIST 390Z, PLTC 320.
Students are encouraged to participate in service-learning experiences with local diasporas in Lewiston/Auburn and Maine. One approved co-curricular component may be substituted for one of the four required courses. One non-Bates course may be applied toward the concentration if judged comparable to one of those below by the concentration coordinator and with prior approval. As a capstone, senior concentrators present their work in the concentration at the Mount David Summit.
Co-curricular Activities
Service-Learning.
Long-term (one semester or one summer) service-learning project in a local diasporic community. Supervised by Harward Center.
Supervised research project.
Supervised by Concentration Coordinator.
Internship.
Supervised by Concentration Coordinator.
Supervised field work.
Supervised by Concentration Coordinator.
Supervised performance experience.
Supervised by Concentration Coordinator.
Early Modern World (C066)
This concentration comprises courses that address the cultural and historic developments related to Europe and its relations with the world between about 1450 and 1800. J. Hall.
Requirements
Four courses/units from at least two different departments/programs. One non-Bates course may be applied toward the concentration if judged comparable to one of those below by the concentration coordinator and with prior approval.
Courses
English (C086)
This concentration introduces students to a range of literatures written in English, and to various genres and critical methods. L. Nayder.
Requirements
Four courses taught by four different faculty members in the department. Students must take one 100-level course (with a maximum of two). Short term courses may not be used in the concentration. Not open to English majors.
Environment, Place, History (C068)
This concentration explores the interconnections between ecological change, community history, and the social construction of place. It has a marked, but not exclusive, focus on Maine, including inquiry into Maine's transformations and conflicts over environmental, economic, and community change. The concentration is strongly interdisciplinary, mixing ecological learning, social-historical and ethnographic inquiry, and cultural studies. It includes community partnerships and public-environmental projects. G. Nigro.
Requirements
Four courses/units, two of which must be from list A (foregrounding scientific study in geology or ecology) and two of which must be from list B (foregrounding social, cultural, historical, or literary study). At least one of these courses/units from list A or B must also appear on list C (courses/units involving significant field or community-based experience). Alternatively, students may meet the community/field requirement by completing one co-curricular component, substituting it for one of the four course/units. Students should consult with the Harward Center to determine if a particular course or co-curricular experience qualifies.

List A: ENVR 240, 310; ES/GE s37; Geo 103, 104, s31, s39.
List B: AC/HI 390B; EN/ES 201; ENVR 200, 204, 213, s36, s46; ES/Hi 211; INDS 219, s24.
List C: AC/HI 390B; ENVR200, 310 s46; ES/GE s37; GEO s31, s39; INDS s24.
Co-curricular Activities
Environmental Internships.
Internship in the Short Term or summer with a conservation, advocacy, policy, or stewardship group. Supervised by Environmental Studies.
Summer Research.
Summer-long projects on environmental or community-based research. Supervised by Environmental Studies.
Haward Fellowships.
Summer-long community placements or community-based research on environmental or urban place projects. Supervised by Harward Center.
Community Work-Study.
Long term (academic year or summer) Community Work-Study placments in advocacy, conservation, stewardship, or policy groups. Supervised by Harward Center.
Volunteer Work.
Intensive volunteer work during the academic year in regional community organizations such as Lots to Gardens, land trusts, or at the Bates-Morse Mountain Conservation Area. Supervised by Harward Center.
Evidence: Documentation and Reality (C017)
This concentration is a study of documentation and representation, including consideration of persuasive strategies often employed in representations—and misrepresentations. Emphasis is on the use of images as points of inquiry, including photographs, film, broadcasts, documents, and printed matter, as well as speech and artifacts. E. Morris.
Requirements
Four courses, with no more than two from any one department/program. No non-Bates courses may be applied toward the concentration.
Field Studies: Natural Science (C058)
Field studies are the primary mode of data collection for natural scientists studying the Earth and its ecosystems. This concentration offers an introduction to field methods used in ecology, environmental science, and geology. Courses include a strong component of data collection and/or sampling in the field, and/or mapping from field data. J. Eusden.
Requirements
Four courses, at least one of which must be from list A, one from list B, and one from list C.
List A: BI/GE 112; GEO 103, 104, 107, 109.
List B: BIO 211, 265, 313, 323; ENVR 217, 240, 310; GEO 210, 223, 230, 240, ES/GE 217.
List C: BIO s32, s37; ENVR s38; ES/GE s37; GEO s31, s34, s39. One non-Bates course may be applied toward the concentration if judged comparable to one of those below by the concentration coordinator and with prior approval.
Film and Media Studies (C019)
An interdisciplinary concentration that focuses on the history, theory, production, and criticism of cinema and other moving-image media. Courses examine cinema's artistic and cultural contributions, moving-image media as practices of social significance, and techniques of directing, acting, and editing sound and image. S. Dillon.
Requirements
Four courses, with no more than two from the same department/program. Students are encouraged to take one course with a film production component, such as FRE 235, SPAN 354, THEA 242, THEA 371. Two non-Bates courses may be applied toward the concentration.
Courses
Filmmaking in Cultural Context (C075)
Students study filmmaking as a manifestation of a specific culture. P. Kuritz.
Requirements
Completion of two film production courses at the Queen Mary (London) or Prague film study abroad program and completion of two additional courses. Students should recognize that completion of this concentration requires approval by Bates to study abroad and admission by the program/university abroad. Declaring this concentration in no way guarantees such approval by Bates or such admission by the program in question. Two non-Bates courses may be applied toward the concentration.
French and Francophone Studies (C034)
This interdisciplinary concentration encompasses the language, literatures, and cultures of the French-speaking world. It aims to develop increased linguistic proficiency in oral and written French and knowledge of the rich cultural production of the French-speaking regions of the globe over time using a variety of critical approaches. M. Rice-DeFosse.
Requirements
Four courses, one of which must be from list A, one of which must be from list B, and one of which must be from list C. Only one of the following courses, taught in English, may be counted toward the concentration: FYS 318, HIST 223, HIST 224, or CM/HI 102. One co-curricular component may be substituted for one of the courses from list [A or C]. Co-curricular components include applicable internships, supervised research, projects, or fieldwork; a supervised performance experience; or supervised volunteer work or community work-study.
List A (Language): FRE 201, 205, 235, 270, 271.
List B (Literature): FRE 240E, 240F, 240G, 240I, 250, 251, 365, 371, 372, 373, 374, 375, 376, 377, 378, 379, s34, s35, s39; HIST 223.
List C (Culture and Civilization): FRE 207, 208, 240E, 240F, 240G, 240I, 261, s36, s38, s39; HIST 223, 224; CM/HI 102. One non-Bates course may be applied toward the concentration if judged comparable to one of those below by the concentration coordinator and with prior approval. This concentration is not open to students who have declared a major or minor in French.
Co-curricular Activities
Community Service.
Significant community service in the French-speaking community, such as participation in the Franco-American Oral History Project, over the course of one semester, one Short Term, or one internship period may be substituted for one course/unit. Supervised by French Faculty/Harward Center.
The Geosphere (C007)
The Earth is in a constant state of change. Creation and destruction of the lithosphere with attendant earthquakes and volcanoes and interactions of the atmosphere and hydrosphere producing climate change illustrate the interconnection of the geosphere and humankind. The study of geologic processes spans scales of time measured in minutes to billions of years; such studies are a key to understanding past, present, and future global and planetary environmental changes. To fully understand and appreciate such changes, the courses in this concentration emphasize the integration of field- and laboratory-based inquiry both in New England and, remotely on more distant worlds.
J. Creasy.
Requirements
Two courses from list A and two courses from list B; or two courses from list A, one course from list B, and one unit from list C.
List A: AT/GE 110, GEO 103, GEO 104, GEO 107, GEO 108, GEO 109, ES/GE 217, FYS 190, FYS 298, FYS 284.
List B: GEO 210, GEO 223, GEO 230, GEO 240.
List C: ES/GE s37, GEO s30, GEO s31, GEO s34, GEO s39, GEO s46, BI/GE s38. No non-Bates courses may be applied toward the concentration.
German in Berlin (C073)
The German in Berlin concentration is an intensive study abroad experience based in Berlin which focuses on the study of German language, culture, and society. D. Browne.
Requirements
Complete the four courses of the 2008 Fall Semester Abroad in Berlin. In the event that a student fails one of the FSA courses, the student may still earn credit for this concentration by passing a course offered in the German department at Bates.
German in Vienna (C082)
The Bates Fall Semester Abroad in Vienna consists of intensive language instruction, cultural immersion in a modern and diverse European capital, and focused study of the interplay of politics and culture in Austria and central Europe. D. Browne.
Requirements
Successful completion of the Bates FSA in Vienna. In the event that a student fails one of the FSA courses, the student may still earn credit for this concentration by passing a course offered in the German department at Bates.
Globalization (C014)
Globalization may be defined as the set of economic, political, social, technological, and cultural changes that give rise to growing interdependence and interactions among people, cultures, and corporations scattered around the world. It is one of the defining paradigms of the early twenty-first century, and perhaps the most controversial. Students in this concentration examine the phenomenon of globalization—its positive and negative aspects—from a variety of disciplinary perspectives. No non-Bates course may be applied toward this concentration. J. Hughes.
Requirements
Four courses from at least three departments/programs, including at least two courses from among the following: ANTH 339, AN/SO 232, AS/EC 241, ECON 221, HIST 390S, PLTC 125, PLTC 224, PT/WS s32, SOC 260.
Greek Civilization (C077)
This concentration is for students who would like to know some ancient Greek but whose main interest is in the civilization of ancient Greece. H. Walker.
Requirements
Two courses in Greek plus two additional courses or units from the following: CM/HI 100, CM/HI 106, CM/HI 203, CM/PL 271, CM/RE 218, CMS 200, CMS 202, CMS S17, or CM/WS 204. Two non-Bates course may be applied toward the concentration if judged comparable to one of those below by the concentration coordinator and with prior approval.
Hazards in Nature (C063)
For human populations, living on planet Earth means living with the risk of natural hazards and living with the unintended consequences of our interactions with the natural world. Earthquakes, floods, and climate change, and emerging infections, invasive plant species, and environmental toxins are examples of global challenges presented by the physical and biological world. The courses offered in this concentration explore this interface between human populations and the natural world.
J. Creasy.
Requirements
GEO 103 and GEO 104 or FYS 298, and any two other courses/units. No non-Bates courses may be applied toward the concentration.
Health Studies in China (C081)
The Bates Fall Semester Abroad in China concentration is an intensive study-abroad experience based in Kunming that focuses on the study of Chinese language, traditional Chinese medicine, the biology of health and disease and the economics of public health in China. P. Baker.
Requirements
Complete the four courses of the 2010 Fall Semester Abroad in Kunming, China. In the event a student fails one course in Kunming, they may still complete the concentration by taking Bio 135, Econ 233, Econ 235, AS/EC 241, AS/EC 242, or a course in Chinese language offered at Bates, matching the selection to the content of the failed course.
The Human Body (C027)
This concentration focuses on knowledges acquired through observation, articulation, and experience of the body. P. Heroux.
Requirements
Four courses, with no more than two from any one department/program. Any two DANC 270A, 270B, 270C, 270D, 270E, or 270F series courses may complete one concentration credit. One non-Bates course may be applied toward the concentration if judged comparable to one of those below by the concentration coordinator and with prior approval.
Identity, Race, and Ethnicity (C037)
The goal of this concentration is to encourage students to think in an interdisciplinary manner about the construction of racial and ethnic identities in social, cultural, and political contexts. L. Danforth.
Requirements
Any four courses. One non-Bates course may be applied toward the concentration if judged comparable to one of those below by the concentration coordinator and with prior approval.
Improvisation and Experimentation (C023)
This area of inquiry emphasizes the development of creative work in response to various modern and postmodern practices. Improvisation is a working method that emphasizes the moment, bringing past experience to bear in the concrete immediacy of the present. Experimentation typically involves innovating or even undermining the status quo. Students working in this concentration experience these generative methods—including chance operations, contact improvisation, sampling, gesture invention, appropriation, and quotation—across multiple disciplines. P. Johnson.
Requirements
Four courses, with no more than two courses from any one department/program. Any two Studio Dance courses from the 270A or 270C series may count as one concentration credit. No non-Bates courses may be applied toward the concentration.
Japanese Language (C043)
A concentration in the study of modern Japanese language. K. Ofuji.
Requirements
Any four courses. Students entering Bates with proficiency in the language should begin the sequence of four courses for the concentration at the level at which they are initially placed. No more than two language courses taken in an approved off-campus study program in Japan may be counted toward the concentration. Not open to students who declare a major or minor in Japanese or the following concentration(s): C046. Japanese Society and Culture. Two non-Bates course may be applied toward this concentration if judged appropriate upon application to the coordinator.
Japanese Society and Culture (C046)
This concentration offers courses and units in a range of disciplines including history, literature, religious studies, economics, and language, all of which focus on Japan. S. Strong.
Requirements
Four courses/units, with no more than two of the following: JPN 101, 102, 201, 202, 301, 302, 401, 402. Up to two courses on an approved study abroad program in Japan may be counted toward the concentration with prior approval. Not open to students who declare a major or minor in Japanese or the following concentration(s): C043. Japanese Language.
Language and Literacy (C085)
Written and oral forms of expression provide fascinating insights into human development as well as issues in politics, rhetoric, psychology, theater, speech, education, and languages. This concentration explores the interplay between language and literacy, focusing on such themes as childhood language and literacy development, atypical or nontraditional forms of language and literacy growth, expressive forms of language through literature, and oral and written narratives. A. Charles.
Requirements
A. At least one, and no more than two, from the following three courses: EDUC 245, EDUC 355, and EDUC s27. B. Two to three additional courses from the remainder of the course list, for a total of four courses to complete the GEC. C. Not more than two courses from any program or department. One of these additional courses may be replaced by a community-based co-curricular experience. This option must be pre-approved by the concentration coordinator.
Co-curricular Activities
Community-Based Service Learning.
Community-Based Service Learning to be arranged with preapproval of the concentration coordinator. Supervised by Education Department.
Latin (C010)
This concentration advances students' skills and insights in Latin language and literature. T. Hayward.
Requirements
Four courses, no more than two of which may be taken at the 100 level or the 200 level. Two non-Bates courses may be applied toward the concentration if judged comparable to one of those below by the concentration coordinator and with prior approval.
Latin American Studies (C072)
This concentration offers courses and units in various disciplines that focus on Latin America, including the Caribbean. It provides students with a range of perspectives, covering the period from initial European encounters to the present. S. Pieck.
Requirements
Four courses from at least two departments/programs, including at least one course at the 300-level. One non-Bates course may be applied toward the concentration if judged comparable to one of those below by the concentration coordinator and with prior approval.
Learning and Teaching (C084)
This concentration is designed for students who wish to explore K–12 teaching, but do not wish to commit to the full Teacher Education minor. The concentration integrates practical experience with a framework that connects the teacher, student, and subject matter. H. Regan.
Requirements
EDUC 343, one additional course in education and two courses from departments listed above other than education. The field placement associated with EDUC 343 is at the grade level determined by the student's interest. The two non-education courses are selected according to what the student proposes to teach. Students interested in listed fields other than the natural sciences must take their additional two courses from the same department. Students interested in the natural sciences may take any two courses from the following list: NS/PY 200 and all biology, chemistry, geology and physics courses, one of which must be designated [L]. Not open to students who declare a minor in Teacher Education.
Material Culture (C083)
Material culture has been defined from numerous perspectives most notably anthropology, archeology, art history, cultural theory, and history. Since the 1970s in particular, scholars in these and other disciplines have used material culture sources of evidence to explore the everyday lives of ordinary citizens. The term material culture refers both to the psychological role, the meaning, that all physical objects in the environment have to mean something to people in a particular culture and to the range of manufactured objects that are typical within a socio-culture and form an essential part of cultural identity. Generally speaking, the phrase "material culture" refers to the "things" of our daily lives. This can mean things we purchase, create, or otherwise come by. Our material lives range from our bodies to the clothes we wear, the specific objects we use, the food we eat, and the places we go. In essence, it is the "stuff" of our daily lives—products of culture. M. Beasley.
Requirements
ACS 100 or 280 and three additional courses.
Modern Europe (C024)
This concentration encourages students to improve their ability to communicate in one of four languages spoken in Europe, and to increase their knowledge of the dynamic nature of European development from World War I to the present. D. Browne.
Requirements
Four courses, two—but no more than two—of which must be from one of the lists of language courses below (French, German, Russian, Spanish).
List A: FRE 101, 102, 201, 205, 207, s36;
List B: GER 101, 102, 201, 202, 233, 234, 241, 242, 254, 270, 356, 358, s25;
List C: RUSS 101, 102, 201, 202, 301, 302, 306;
List D: SPAN 362, 444, 445, s33.

One language course in French, German, Russian, or Spanish, or one course in modern European history, politics, sociology completed on a Bates approved study abroad program in Europe may be applied toward the concentration if judged comparable to one of those below by the concentration coordinator and with prior approval of the Concentration Coordinator.
Courses
North Atlantic Studies (C045)
An interdisciplinary study of the societies and physical environments of the North Atlantic, whose regions are parts of a complex and historically dynamic maritime system linked by interactions among peoples of both world hemispheres. M. Jones.
Requirements
Four courses, two of which must be from list A (Environment) and two of which must be from list B (Society).
List A: BIO 313, 323, s32; BI/GE 112, s38; ENVR 240; ES/GE s37, FYS 282, 284; GEO 103, 240, INDS s24.
List B: ANTH 322, s32; CM/HI 209; HIST 390S, s28; INDS 208, s24; PLTC 125, 248.
One approved co-curricular component may be applied toward this concentration with prior approval. One non-Bates course may be applied toward the concentration if judged comparable to one of those below by the concentration coordinator and with prior approval.
Co-curricular Activities
Research project, Internship, or Supervised fieldwork..
Supervised by Concentration Coordinator.
Philosophy (C042)
This concentration introduces students to different aspects of the study of philosophy. M. Okrent.
Requirements
Any four courses. Two non-Bates courses may be applied toward the concentration if judged comparable to one of those below by the concentration coordinator and with prior approval.
Philosophy and Psychology (C031)
This concentration is intended to acquaint students with scholarly work on questions of interest to both philosophers and psychologists, and facilitate students' own clear thinking on such issues. Given the breadth of the disciplines of philosophy and psychology, a wide variety of issues is addressed in these courses. Topics include moral judgment, moral responsibility, sensation and perception, the self, theory of mind, and the relationship between mind and brain. Students consider such issues from both disciplinary perspectives. M. Sargent.
Requirements
Four courses, two of which must be from philosophy and two of which must be from psychology. FYS 288, 352, or 382 may be substituted for one of the philosophy courses and FYS 308 may be substituted for one of the psychology courses. PLPY 321E may be counted as either a philosophy course or a psychology course. No non-Bates courses may be applied toward the concentration. This concentration is not open to students who have declared a minor in philosophy or concentration C042.
Physics of the Large and Small (C056)
Physics is the study of matter and energy. A very small number of fundamental physical principles provide a coherent and unified understanding of an enormous variety of phenomena, ranging in scale from the subnuclear to the cosmological. Any set of physics and astronomy courses illustrates these principles and their coherence. J. Smedley.
Requirements
Any four courses. Two non-Bates courses may be applied toward the concentration if judged comparable to one of those below by the concentration coordinator and with prior approval. Not open to students who declare a major in Physics.
Post/Colonial Issues in French and Spanish (C032)
The French and Spanish empires left linguistic, cultural, and sociopolitical legacies throughout the world. Colonial territories and postcolonial nations have responded to colonial power structures through self-inquiry and contestation. The courses included in this concentration approach colonial and postcolonial issues in French and Spanish through various critical perspectives. The concentration requires intermediate proficiency in both French and Spanish. K. Read.
Requirements
Four courses, at least one of which must be from French and at least one of which must be from Spanish. Students are expected to have at least an intermediate level of proficiency in both languages. An approved co-curricular project may substitute for one course or two non-Bates courses may be applied toward this concentration if judged comparable to one of those below by the concentration coordinator and with prior approval. This concentration is not open to students who have declared a major or minor in French or Spanish.
Co-curricular Activities
Community-based Project.
An approved community-based project may replace one course/unit Supervised by Faculty Contact Person.
Producing Culture: Arts and Audience (C061)
Composers, choreographers, directors, curators, and producers often interact with performing artists, studio artists, and writers in order to engage audiences. What is produced, for whom, and in support of which values? Work in this concentration considers the interrelationship between cultural producers and cultural consumers. P. Johnson.
Requirements
Any four courses from at least two departments/programs. One non-Bates course may be applied toward the concentration if judged comparable to one of those below by the concentration coordinator and with prior approval.
Public Health (C065)
This concentration explores public and community health from interdisciplinary perspectives, looking at such issues as medical practice; public policy concerning health care; sociology of race, class, and gender; and cultural constructions of health and sickness. It aims to expose students to public health issues at global, national, and local levels. It may include community-engaged learning, community-based research, and internships. K. Low.
Requirements
Four courses/units including at least one from list A (foregrounding science) and at least one course/unit from list B (foregrounding the social sciences and the humanities). No more than one of these courses may be at the 100 level. Many designated courses include community-based learning or field work. Concentratons may also include up to two courses from study abroad or summer courses, if they represent appropriate substitutions for the concentration requirements and have been approved beforehand by the concentration coordinator.

List A: BIO 127, 135, 260, 314, 315, 320, 340, 351, s23, s25; FYS 270, PSYC 303, 362.
List B: ANTH 220, s26; FYS 236, 305; HI/WS 267; INDS s15; PHIL 213; PLTC 423, s21; SOC 230, 235, WGST 400C.

Co-curricular Activities
Summer Fellowships.
Harward Student Summer Fellowship with a community partner such as the B Street Clinic, Maine Nutrition Center, and International Clinic. Supervised by Harward Center.
Community Work-Study.
Long-term (semester academic year, or summer) Community Work-Study placement in a local agency focusing on public health. Supervised by Harward Center.
Summer Research.
Summer-long research project focusing on community health, community-based medicine, health policy, or health ethics. Supervised by Harward Center.
Volunteer Work.
Rigorous, sustained volunteer work during the academic year in such agencies as the Sisters of Charity Health System or the B Street Clinic. Supervised by Harward Center.
Queer Studies (C009)
Queer studies looks at sexuality and gender while foregrounding non-normative or anti-normative perspectives. Queer studies includes considerations of lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans, and genderqueer history, culture, and politics, with mindful attention to the limits and alternatives to those time- and culture-bound terms. E. Rand.
Requirements
Any four courses, one of which must be at the 300 level. With prior permission of the concentration coordinator one non-Bates course may be applied toward the concentration if judged comparable to one of those below, but, ordinarily may not be substituted for the required 300-level course.
Racisms (C041)
Racism is a system of ideas and practices that deny the humanity of individuals who are ascribed to certain groups and collectivities. The practice of racism has deep historical roots and there is not one single type of racism. Religious, social, scientific, political, and cultural discourses have contributed to racist regimes. C. Nero.
Requirements
Any four courses/units, no more than two of which may be from the same department/program. One course should be at the 300 level.
Courses
Religious Studies (C001)
In this concentration students focus on different aspects of religious studies. It features a capstone seminar, Religious Studies 400, required of all concentrators (and open also to minors), in which students present and discuss their various interests in the context of religious studies theory. The capstone provides commonality to students' experience of the concentration. M. Bruce.
Requirements
Any three courses and REL 400. One non-Bates course may be applied toward the concentration if judged comparable to one of those below by the concentration coordinator and with prior approval. Not open to students who declare a major or minor in religion or religious studies.
Renaissance: Arts and Letters (C035)
The literature and visual arts from the late fourteenth through the early eighteenth centuries in Europe and its American colonies helped shape many of our contemporary cultural models. The Renaissance marked a shift in worldview: Humanism shaped the centrality of the individual; religion once again became an ideological battleground; the new national states developed capitalism; slavery took hold in the Americas; technology advanced the spread of empire; and national languages acquired a new prestige. B. Fra-Molinero.
Requirements
Four courses, at least one of which must be from list A (courses/units in the visual arts) and at least one of which must be from list B (courses/units in literature).
List A: AVC 266, s18; AV/CM 265, 376, 376C, s19;
List B: ENG 121P, 121U, 171, 211, 209, 213, 214, 222, 226, 395P, 395Y; SPAN 240, 341; SP/TH 241.
One non-Bates course may be applied toward the concentration if judged comparable to one of those below by the concentration coordinator and with prior approval.
Russian Language (C069)
This concentration encourages the study of the Russian language, culture, and literature. D. Browne.
Requirements
Four courses/units. Up to two courses in Russian language, culture, or literature taken in an off-campus study program may substitute for up to two courses/units with the approval by the Off-Campus Study Committee. Not open to students who declare a major or minor in Russian.
Russian in St. Petersburg (C078)
The Bates Fall Semester Abroad in Russia concentration is an intensive, study-abroad experience based in St. Petersburg, which focuses on the study of Russian language, culture, and politics. J. Costlow.
Requirements
Four courses/units.
Science Education (C004)
This concentration introduces students to the basics of teaching science. Only open to members of the classes of 2011, 2012 and 2013. R. Austin.
Requirements
EDUC 231 and EDUC 235 plus two additional courses in biology, chemistry, geology, mathematics, or physics at the 200 level or above. Effective with the 2010—2011 academic year, Education 343 must be taken in lieu of Education 235. Education 343 will be offered in the fall annually beginning in 2010. A teaching experience approved by the appropriate science or mathematics department may be substituted for one of the science or mathematics courses. Two non-Bates courses may be applied toward the concentration if judged comparable to one of those below by the concentration coordinator and with prior approval.
Co-curricular Activities
Science teaching.
Students may elect to use a semester of approved science or mathematics teaching experience one of the requirements. Teaching experience may include serving as a Peer-Assisted Learning Group (PALG) leader, a teaching assistant, or a Mathematics and Statistics Workshop tutor. In order to be approved, the student teaching must include training Supervised by approriate science department.
Science Education for Prospective Teachers of Children and Early Adolescents (C021)
This concentration is designed for students interested in teaching at the elementary or middle school level, providing a mindful approach to including science and/or mathematics in their Bates education and exploring issues related to science and mathematics pedagogy. Not open to students in the classes of 2014 and beyond. H. Regan.
Requirements
Four courses/units, two of which must be EDUC 231 and 343, and at least one of which must have a General Education [L] designation. Effective with the 2010—2011 academic year, Education 343 must be taken in lieu of Education 235. Education 343 will be offered in the fall annually beginning in 2010. All education courses require a thirty hour field placement. To the extent possible, the field placements focus on science and mathematics teaching in elementary or middle school classrooms. No non-Bates courses may be applied toward the concentration. This concentration is not open to students who have declared a minor in education. Open only to members of the classes of 2011, 2012, and 2013.
Shakespearean Acting (C074)
Students study the techniques for playing the plays of William Shakespeare in the playwright-actor's historic context, London. P. Kuritz.
Requirements
Successful Participation abroad in the British American Drama Academy Program or the London Drama Academy Program and two of the following: Dance/Theater 269, Theater 101, 261, 263, 362, or 371 or Theater/Women and Gender Studies 264. Students should recognize that completion of this concentration requires approval to study abroad by Bates and admission by the program/university abroad. Declaring this concentration in no way guarantees such approval by Bates or such admission by the program in question. Two non-Bates courses may be applied toward the concentration.
Co-curricular Activities
Theater Performance.
Acting in an approved classical play. Supervised by the Concentration Coordinator.
Sound (C005)
This concentration is a wide-ranging exploration of the nature of sound. Topics include the physical nature of sound production, organismal perception of sound, and sonic elements in the performing arts. J. Smedley.
Requirements
Four courses, with a maximum of two from any one department/program. Students selecting MUS 290 need two complete any two sections to receive credit for one course. One music performance co-curricular component may substitute for one of the four courses. Two non-Bates courses may be applied toward the concentration if judged comparable to one of those below by the concentration coordinator and with prior approval.
Co-curricular Activities
Music Performance.
Participation for two consecutive semesters in one of the following ensembles: College Choir, Gamelan, Jazz Band, Orchestra, Steel Orchestra. Supervised by Musis Department.
Theater Arts (C028)
This concentration serves as an introduction to the study and making of theater. M. Andrucki.
Requirements
Four courses in theater, one of which must be THEA 101.One non-Bates course may be applied toward the concentration if judged comparable to one of those below by the concentration coordinator and with prior approval.
The Translated World (C067)
In this concentration, students explore national literatures as well as literatures from different historical epochs in translation. Students consider how these literatures represent culturally distinct experiences and contribute to a complex understanding of global imaginations, values, and societies. L. Maurizio.
Requirements
Any four courses. One non-Bates course may be applied toward the concentration if judged comparable to one of those below by the concentration coordinator and with prior approval.
Visible Ideas: 2D and 3D Design (C029)
A design is a plan. In art, the study of design is the study of the relationship between idea and physical form, and how this interaction expresses content. These courses and units emphasize ways to track and manipulate the relationship between the essential elements of visual language, including line, color, light, volume, scale, and space. P. Heroux.
Requirements
Four courses, with no more than two from any one department/program. One non-Bates course may be applied toward the concentration if judged comparable to one of those below by the concentration coordinator and with prior approval.
Water and Society (C070)
Water is essential to life. Consequently, people often live along the coast, the banks of rivers, the margins of lakes or in regions with groundwater resources for drinking, irrigation, industry, recreation, and the food supply. Water is also one of the most highly politicized resources on earth and has been the source of numerous and continuing conflicts among humans. Our dependence on water necessitates that we share and preserve this resource, yet increasing pressures on our water bodies are resulting in reduced access to potable water, collapse of marine ecosystems, and a decrease in biodiversity. This concentration explores the connections between humans and water and includes scientific, aesthetic, economic, political, and ethical perspectives. B. Johnson.
Requirements
Two courses from list A and two courses from list B; or two courses from list A, one course from list B, and one unit from list C.
List A: BI/GE 112; CH/ES 108B; ENVR 213; ES/PL 214; GEO 103, 109; Econ 222.
List B: BIO 211, BIO 323; GEO 210, 230, 240; ECON 325; ENVR 240
List C: BIO s32; EC/ES s33; ES/GE s37; GEO s31,s36, s39; INDS S34.
One non-Bates course may be applied toward the concentration if judged comparable to one of those below by the concentration coordinator and with prior approval.
Why Academics Matter (C062)
Academic work matters in the world in a variety of ways: We study things; we create safe spaces to explore and deliberate; we shape policy, contribute to civic life, enhance economic development, and advance technological innovation. We cultivate humanity (to borrow a phrase from Martha Nussbaum) and nourish imagination. This concentration helps students a) explore the myriad ways academic work serves as public work and b) engage in public life as scholars. E. Kane.
Requirements
Four courses, one of which must be at the 300 level. When appropriate, students may substitute one of the following for one of the other courses/units: an independent study, a senior thesis (in consultation with the Concentration Coordinator), or a co-curricular component (with the approval of the Harward Center).
Co-curricular Activities
Community-based Experience.
A sustained community-based experience may substitute for one course/unit, if approved by the Harward Center. Such experiences may include a job, internship, off-campus study, or community-based research project. One non-Bates course may be applied toward this concentration if judged appropriate upon application to the coordinator. Supervised by Harward Center.
Women and Gender in Asia (C050)
Focusing on gender issues, this concentration affords students a context for studying women, men, and their interactions in an Asian context. L. Dhingra.
Requirements
Any four courses/units. One non-Bates course may be applied toward the concentration if judged comparable to one of those below by the concentration coordinator and with prior approval.
Women and Writing (C060)
This concentration focuses on women's writing across cultures and in different time periods. The concentration includes both historical and theoretical perspectives on women's writing. J. Costlow.
Requirements
Four courses/units, one of which must be at the 300 level, and at least two of which must be from the following list: ENG 121H, 238; EN/WS 297, 395L; FRE 352, 365A; INDS 236, 325; JA/WS 255; RU/WS 240; SPAN 344.
Writing Spain (C018)
This concentration offers students a framework for exploring in depth the plurality and diversity of the literary production of Spanish-speaking writers from the Iberian Peninsula from the Middle Ages to the present. Courses examine writing in Spain as a mode of aesthetic expression, as a means of affirmation and contestation of individual and national identities, and as a force for revolution and reaction. D. George.
Requirements
SPAN 216 plus three additional courses, or SPAN 216 plus two courses, one of which must be a course on pre-1900 literature (SPAN 240, 241, 268, 341), and one non-Bates course which may be applied toward the concentration if judged comparable to one of those below by the concentration coordinator and with prior approval. This concentration is not open to students who have declared a minor in Spanish.