background

German and Russian Studies

Professor Decker (chair, winter); Associate Professor Browne (chair, fall); Assistant Professors Cernahoschi and Kazecki; Lecturer Loginova



Contemporary central and eastern Europe consists of heterogeneous societies with contested cultural traditions. Offerings in the Department of German and Russian Studies investigate important interconnections among history, society, culture, and language in the region. The curricula in German and Russian explore societies challenged and invigorated by change and stress the importance of attaining fluency not only in the language but also in the nuances of cultural understanding.

The department offers a major and a minor in German and a minor in Russian. The department also contributes to the interdisciplinary program in European studies. More information on the Department of German and Russian Studies is available on the website (www.bates.edu/german-russian).

All students, and especially majors and minors, are strongly encouraged to spend an extended period of time abroad prior to graduation. Opportunities to do so include participation in the Bates Fall Semester Abroad programs in Austria, Germany, and Russia; junior-year- or junior-semester-abroad programs; summer sessions; and the various off-campus Short Term courses sponsored by the department.

Entering students are assigned to the appropriate level in language courses according to the following criteria: their performance on the SAT II or Advanced Placement Test of the College Entrance Examination Board taken in secondary school, relative proficiency based on length of previous study, and/or after consultation with an appropriate member of the department.

Literatures and Cultures in Translation. While the department emphasizes the importance of acquiring the fluency needed to study literature and culture in the original, many courses are offered in translation. See listings under individual languages for detailed descriptions of these courses.

EU/GR 220. Remembering War: The Great War, Memory, and Remembrance in Europe.
GER 262. The Split Screen: Reconstructing National Identities in West and East German Cinema.

ES/RU 216. Nature in Russian Culture.
INDS 256. Rites of Spring.

German

Major Requirements in German. The major consists of nine courses at the 200 level or above. Required are:

1) Both of the following:
GER 233. Advanced German Language and Culture I.
GER 234. Advanced German Language and Culture II.

2) At least one course from each of the following four groups:

a) key artistic periods in the cultural history of the German-speaking countries:
GER 241. German Modernisms.

b) specific genres of German literature:
GER 244. Staged Marriages.

c) the diversity of German cultures:
GER 350. Margins and Migrations.
GER 357. Austrian Literature.
GER 358. Literature and Film of the German Democratic Republic.

d) turning points in the history of the German-speaking countries and their political and cultural legacies:
GER 264. World War I in German Culture.
GER 270. Living with the Nazi legacy.
GER 356. Representing Austrian Fascism.

3) One complementary course from outside the department:
ENG 295. Critical Theory.
EUS 101. Introduction to European Studies.
HIST 104. Europe, 1789 to the Present.
PHIL 234. Philosophy of Language.
PHIL 272. Philosophy from Descartes to Kant.
PHIL 273. Philosophy of the Nineteenth Century.

4) GER 457 or 458. Senior Thesis. Students for whom German is the only major must register for the senior thesis. Students may choose to pass a series of comprehensive examinations in German if German is one of two majors and they complete a thesis in the other major.

Pass/Fail Grading Option. Pass/fail grading may not be elected for courses applied toward the major except for 201, 202, and/or 233; nor for the minor except for 101, 102, 201, 202 and/or 233.

Minor in German. A minor requires a minimum of seven courses in German. At least one of the seven courses must involve a study of literature or culture (taught either in the language or in translation), but only one course in translation may be counted toward the minor. A student may petition to have up to three comparable courses, completed at other institutions either in the United States or abroad, apply toward the minor. Advanced Placement courses may not be applied toward the minor.

Courses
GER 101. Introduction to German Language and Culture I.This course, part of a yearlong sequence, introduces students to the German language and its culture contexts. By emphasizing communicative skills, students learn to speak, build vocabulary, and develop their listening comprehension, reading, and writing skills. GER 101 is offered in the fall semester. GER 101 is not open to students who have had two or more years of German in secondary school. Normally offered every year. C. Decker, R. Cernahoschi, J. Kazecki.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

GER 102. Introduction to German Language and Culture II.This course, a continuation of GER 101, introduces students to the German language and its cultural contexts. By emphasizing communicative skills, students further develop their speaking listening comprehension, reading, and writing skills. GER 102 is offered in the winter semester. GER 102 is not open to students who have had two or more years of German in secondary school. Normally offered every year. C. Decker, R. Cernahoschi, J. Kazecki.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

GER 201. Intermediate German Language and Culture I.Offered in the fall, this course is a continuation of GER 101-102, with emphasis on the development of reading strategies and composition skills. Open to first-year students who enter with at least two years of German. Prerequisite(s): GER 102. Open to first-year students. Normally offered every year. R. Cernahoschi, J. Kazecki.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

GER 202. Intermediate German Language and Culture II.This course, offered in the winter semester, is a continuation of GER 201, with added emphasis on the development of reading strategies and composition skills. Open to first-year students who enter with at least two years of German. Prerequisite(s): GER 102. Normally offered every year. R. Cernahoschi, J. Kazecki.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

EU/GR 220. Remembering War: The Great War, Memory, and Remembrance in Europe.The course focuses on ways in which the experience of the First World War changed established narratives of violence and armed conflict in Central Europe. It investigates how the new narratives became sites of memory, mourning, and remembrance in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries drawing on the examples from Germany, Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Hungary. Normally offered every other year. J. Kazecki.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

GER 233. Advanced German Language and Culture I.A topical course offered in the fall semester and designed to develop linguistic and cultural competency. Through reading and discussing a variety of texts, working with multimedia, and completing writing assignments, students attain greater oral and written proficiency in German while deepening their understanding of the culture of German-speaking countries. Open to first-year students. Normally offered every year. C. Decker, R. Cernahoschi.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

GER 234. Advanced German Language and Culture II.A topical course offered in the winter semester and designed to develop linguistic and cultural competency. Through reading and discussing a variety of texts, working with multimedia, and completing writing assignments, students attain greater oral and written proficiency in German while deepening their understanding of the culture of German-speaking countries. Open to first-year students. Normally offered every year. C. Decker, R. Cernahoschi.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

GER 241. German Modernisms.A study of German and Austrian literature and society from 1890 through 1933, with emphasis on the aesthetic and sociohistorical underpinnings of Naturalism, Impressionism, Expressionism, and selected works of Mann, Kafka, and Brecht. Prerequisite(s): GER 234. Open to first-year students. [W2] C. Decker.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

GER 244. Staged Marriages.A study of major issues in German dramaturgy from the Enlightenment to the present, explored through texts that dramatize problems relating to marriage. Authors include Lessing, Büchner, Brecht, and Horváth. Prerequisite(s): GER 234. Open to first-year students. [W2] C. Decker.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

GER 262. The Split Screen: Reconstructing National Identities in West and East German Cinema.This course investigates selected works of West and East German cinematic production after 1945. Students engage a broad range of topics and issues that define the popular view of Germany and its culture today. They discuss Germany's Nazi past, the postwar division of the country and its reunification in 1990, the legacies of the 1968 generation, and the role of minorities in contemporary Germany. The course also provides students with basic tools of film analysis, which are used in the discussion of cinematic art and in the analysis of the specific aesthetic qualities of a film. Conducted in English. J. Kazecki.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

GER 264. World War I in German Culture.This course explores the ways in which the memory of World War I informs German culture from 1918 to the present, with an emphasis on the literature and film of the Weimar Republic. Topics include the literary representation of the experience of the war, the impact of the war on Weimar cinema, the instrumentalization of the Great War in Nazi ideology and artistic production, as well as strategies of commemoration of World War I in post-1945 German culture. Prerequisite(s): GER 234 J. Kazecki.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

GER 270. Living with the Nazi Legacy.A study of contemporary works from Austria and Germany that articulate the experiences of children of Nazis. Texts, which include autobiographical writings, novels, films, interviews, and essays, are analyzed in terms of their representation of the Nazi past and its continuing impact on the present. Prerequisite(s): GER 234. [W2] C. Decker.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

GER 350. Margins and Migrations.What is German literature? The course examines this question through the lens of writers who are difficult to incorporate into a national narrative. The first part of the course focuses on literatures produced on the margins of the German and Austrian Empires in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, while the second part studies the effects of postwar labor migrations and globalization on contemporary German, Austrian, and Swiss literatures. Prerequisite(s): GER 233 or 234. (Purposeful Work.) Normally offered every other year. R. Cernahoschi.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

GER 356. Representing Austrian Fascism.Official state documents and popular historical imagination frequently present Austria as the "first victim of Nazi aggression," thus discounting the active role that Austrians played in the Anschluss and the Third Reich. This course explores the myth of Austria's victimization through analysis of government documents, literary texts, and documentary films that represent Austrian involvement in and response to the Nazi past. Prerequisite(s): one 200-level literature course taught in German. C. Decker.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

GER 357. Austrian Literature.A study of Austrian fiction that emerges from and responds to three important periods in Austrian political and cultural history: the restorative and revolutionary period of the mid-nineteenth century; fin-de-siècle Vienna and the impending collapse of the Habsburg Empire; and the post–World War II Second Austrian Republic. Prerequisite(s): one 200-level literature course taught in German. C. Decker.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

GER 358. Literature and Film of the German Democratic Republic. This course explores the ways in which literature and film reflect and refract the social and political experiments of the GDR. Topics include the doctrine of Socialist Realism and its (mis)applications, coming to terms with the past, the emergence and problematization of new gender models, youth culture and generational tensions, the role of the individual in socialist society, censorship and artistic experimentation, conformity and resistance, popular culture and the artistic underground, and industrialization and environmental concerns. Attention is given to the sociohistorical contexts of the examined works and the means and ends of literary and cinematic creations of (alternate) realities. Prerequisite(s): one 200-level literature course taught in German. R. Cernahoschi.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

GER 360. Independent Study.Students, in consultation with a faculty advisor, individually design and plan a course of study or research not offered in the curriculum. Course work includes a reflective component, evaluation, and completion of an agreed-upon product. Sponsorship by a faculty member in the program/department, a course prospectus, and permission of the chair are required. Students may register for no more than one independent study per semester. Normally offered every semester. Staff.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

GER 365. Special Topics.Designed for the small seminar group of students who may have particular interests in areas of study that go beyond the regular course offerings. Periodic conferences and papers are required. Permission of the department is required. Staff.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

GER 457. Senior Thesis.Research leading to writing of a senior thesis. Open to senior majors, including honors candidates. Students register for German 457 in the fall semester. Majors writing an honors thesis register for both German 457 and 458. [W3] Normally offered every year. Staff.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

GER 458. Senior Thesis.Research leading to writing of a senior thesis. Open to senior majors, including honors candidates. Students register for German 458 in the winter semester. Majors writing an honors thesis register for both German 457 and 458. [W3] Normally offered every year. Staff.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

Short Term Courses
EU/GR s21. Weimar and Berlin: German Culture in European Context.The course traces the sociopolitical transformations that inform Germany's current role in the European Union through the example of two very different capitals: Weimar, the sleepy hamlet turned Germany's premier intellectual center, and Berlin, the once-divided city reinvented as intercultural meeting place. Using selected sites in the two cities, students focus on key moments in German history, which absorbed international trends and, in turn, reverberated across Europe. On campus and in Germany, students learn about important intellectual developments from the Reformation to the present day, cultural personalities and artifacts, and the crises and cooperations that produced them. Enrollment limited to 16. Normally offered every other year. R. Cernahoschi, J. Kazecki.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

GER s50. Independent Study.Students, in consultation with a faculty advisor, individually design and plan a course of study or research not offered in the curriculum. Course work includes a reflective component, evaluation, and completion of an agreed-upon product. Sponsorship by a faculty member in the program/department, a course prospectus, and permission of the chair are required. Students may register for no more than one independent study during a Short Term. Normally offered every year. Staff.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

Russian

Russian Major Requirements for the Class of 2015. A major in Russian is available only for the Class of 2015. The department expects students majoring in Russian to have a broad exposure to Russian language and culture and strongly encourages majors to spend some portion of an academic year in Russia by the end of the junior year.

To fulfill the major in Russian, students complete any ten courses. EUS 248 and PLTC 232 may be counted toward the major. Students may petition to have appropriate Short Term course(s) count toward the major.

Students for whom Russian is the only major must complete a thesis, RUSS 457 or 458, which may count as one of the ten courses. Students may choose to pass a comprehensive examination based on their course work when Russian is one of two majors and they complete a thesis in the other major.

Pass/Fail Grading Option. Pass/fail grading may not be elected for courses applied toward the major or minor, except for 101, 102, 201, 202, 301, and 302.

Minor in Russian. A minor requires a minimum of seven courses in Russian. At least one of the seven courses must involve a study of literature or culture (taught either in the language or in translation), but only one course in translation may be counted toward the minor. A student may petition to have up to three comparable courses, completed at other institutions either in the United States or abroad, apply toward the minor. Advanced Placement courses may not be applied toward the minor.

Courses
RUSS 101. Elementary Russian I.This course, offered in the fall semester as part of a yearlong sequence, introduces students to Russian language and culture with an emphasis on listening and speaking. Students also experience the richness of modern Russia through a variety of authentic texts including music, art, film, and television. Conducted in Russian. Normally offered every year. D. Browne, M. Loginova.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

RUSS 102. Elementary Russian II.This course, offered in the winter semester, is a continuation of RUSS 101 with an emphasis on listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Students continue their introduction to modern Russia through authentic texts including music, film, and television excerpts, and selected items from recent newspapers and the Internet. Conducted in Russian. Normally offered every year. D. Browne, M. Loginova.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

RUSS 201. Intermediate Russian I.This course, offered in the fall semester, is a continuation of Elementary Russian, focusing on vocabulary acquisition and greater control of more complex and extended forms of discourse. Conducted in Russian. Prerequisite(s): RUSS 102. Open to first-year students. Normally offered every year. M. Loginova.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

RUSS 202. Intermediate Russian II.This course, offered in the winter semester, is a continuation of RUSS 201 and completes students' introduction to the formal aspects of Russian language. Emphasis is placed on students' use of Russian to express themselves orally and in writing. Conducted in Russian. Prerequisite(s): RUSS 201. Open to first-year students. Normally offered every year. M. Loginova.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

ES/RU 216. Nature in Russian Culture.How does a given culture understand and represent its relationship to the specific geography of its place in the world? This course explores the cultural landscape of Russia through a broad range of literary works, visual images, and ethnographic studies. Students examine some of the following issues: the relationship between geography and national identity; the political uses of cultural landscape; the interaction of agriculture, official religion, and traditional belief in peasant culture; and the role of class and revolutionary reimaginings of nature in the Soviet era. Conducted in English. Open to first-year students. [W2] J. Costlow.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

INDS 256. Rites of Spring.Le Sacre du printempsThe Rite of Spring— began as a ballet, with music by Igor Stravinsky, choreography by Vaslav Nijinsky, and sets and costumes by Nicholas Roerich. Premiered in 1913 to riots in Paris, The Rite of Spring has lived on to become one of the most important pieces of music in the Western canon and the zenith of stature and daring for choreographers. This course examines where it came from and how it has evolved over time through dance works, music, and cultural context. Cross-listed in dance, music, and Russian. [W2] C. Dilley.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

RUSS 301. Advanced Russian I.This course, normally offered in the fall semester, focuses on the essentials of contemporary colloquial Russian. Students read short unabridged texts in both literary and journalistic styles, and write one- and two-page papers on a variety of topics. Conducted in Russian. Prerequisite(s): RUSS 202. Open to first-year students. Normally offered every year. D. Browne, M. Loginova.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

RUSS 302. Advanced Russian II.This course, normally offered in the winter semester, is a continuation of RUSS 301, in which students read and discuss texts in a variety of styles from political speeches to short novels, from songs to feature-length films. Students write a number of short papers ranging from opinion pieces to literary parodies. Conducted in Russian. Prerequisite(s): RUSS 202. Normally offered every year. D. Browne, M. Loginova.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

RUSS 306. Advanced Russian Culture and Language.This course develops oral fluency and aural acuity as well as reading and writing skills through directed and spontaneous classroom activities and individual and collaborative written assignments. Conversations and compositions are based on literary and nonliterary texts, feature films, and documentary films. Conducted in Russian. Prerequisite(s): RUSS 202. Open to first-year students. Staff.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

RUSS 360. Independent Study.Students, in consultation with a faculty advisor, individually design and plan a course of study or research not offered in the curriculum. Course work includes a reflective component, evaluation, and completion of an agreed-upon product. Sponsorship by a faculty member in the program/department, a course prospectus, and permission of the chair are required. Students may register for no more than one independent study per semester. Normally offered every semester. Staff.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

RUSS 365. Special Topics.Designed for the small seminar group of students who may have particular interests in areas of study that go beyond the regular course offerings. Periodic conferences and papers are required. Conducted in Russian. Instructor permission is required. Staff.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

RUSS 457. Senior Thesis.Open only to senior majors, with departmental permission. Students register for RUSS 457 in the fall semester. Before registering for 457 or 458 a student must present to the department an acceptable plan, including an outline and a tentative bibliography, after discussion with a department member. Majors writing an honors thesis register for both RUSS 457 and 458. [W3] Staff.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

RUSS 458. Senior Thesis.Open only to senior majors, with departmental permission. Students register for RUSS 458 in the winter semester. Before registering for 457 or 458 a student must present to the department an acceptable plan, including an outline and a tentative bibliography, after discussion with a department member. Majors writing an honors thesis register for both RUSS 457 and 458. Department chair permission is required. [W3] Staff.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

Short Term Courses
ES/RU s20. Environment and Culture in Russia.This course introduces a broad range of environmental issues in contemporary Russia and invites students to consider those issues in cultural and historical context. A period of intensive preparation at Bates is followed by visits and conversations in Russia that acquaint students with ecologists, activists, governmental officials, and ordinary Russian citizens. Students spend three and one-half weeks at different locations in European Russia and the Urals, visiting sites ranging from privatized farms and peasant markets to industrial centers and conservation areas. Recommended background: one course in Russian studies or environmental studies. Enrollment limited to 15. Instructor permission is required. J. Costlow.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

RUSS s50. Independent Study.Students, in consultation with a faculty advisor, individually design and plan a course of study or research not offered in the curriculum. Course work includes a reflective component, evaluation, and completion of an agreed-upon product. Sponsorship by a faculty member in the program/department, a course prospectus, and permission of the chair are required. Students may register for no more than one independent study during a Short Term. Normally offered every semester. Staff.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations