Bates College Catalog: 2012-2013
Professors J. R. Cole, Creighton, Grafflin, Hirai, and Jones; Associate Professors Hall (chair), Jensen, and Melvin; Visiting Associate Professor Thompson; Assistant Professors Barnett and Shaw; Visiting Instructors Adair (History and Politics) and Eason; Lecturers Bigelow, J. F. Cole, and Head
History has been defined as the collective memory of things said and done, arranged in a meaningful pattern. Such knowledge of the past supplies context, perspective, and clarity in a diverse and changing world. The members of the history department offer widely differing views of the history of a broad variety of peoples, yet they agree that the study of the past provides meaning in the present and informed choices for the future.
The study of history teaches an appreciation of both change and continuity, the critical examination of evidence, the construction of arguments, and the articulation of conclusions. In addition to teaching and to graduate studies in history and law, majors find careers in related fields such as work in museums and archives, public service, indeed any profession requiring skills of research, analysis, and expression.
Courses in the history department are designed to be taken in sequence: first, introductory survey courses (100-level), then more specialized intermediate courses (200- and 300-level), and ultimately advanced seminars (390). While nonmajors are welcome in any history course, all students are encouraged to begin their study of history with 100-level courses. More information on the history department is available on the website (www.bates.edu/HIST.xml).
Major Requirements. Majors must complete either nine courses and the mandatory Short Term course (s40), or eight courses, s40, and one other Short Term course. Majors choose a primary concentration from one of the following five fields: East Asia, Latin America, Europe, the United States, and premodern history. The primary concentration includes five courses in the chosen field: one 100-level survey course; two more specific courses in that field, which may include 200- or 300-level courses, a Short Term course, or a first-year seminar; a 390 seminar; and the senior thesis (HIST 457 or 458).
Majors must take two courses from one of either of the two following fields: East Asia or Latin America. Students whose primary concentration is in one of these two fields must take two courses in any other field. Courses that are listed in two fields may be counted in either field, but not in both.
Students considering graduate study in history are advised to undertake some course work in U.S. and modern European history to prepare for the Graduate Record Examination. An intermediate level of competency in a foreign language (the equivalent of four semesters of college-level instruction) is a bare minimum for graduate work in history.
Mandatory Short Term Course. All history majors must complete HIST s40, Introduction to Historical Methods, which focuses on critical analysis, research skills, and historiography. Students are strongly advised to take this course in their sophomore year, and must do so by the end of their junior year. This course is a prerequisite for registering for the senior thesis.
Senior Thesis. A senior history major writes a thesis in the fall (HIST 457) or winter semester (HIST 458). Thesis writing develops the skills learned in earlier courses and demonstrates the ability to work independently as a historian. To facilitate thesis planning and advising, all majors must complete a thesis abstract before taking either HIST 457 or HIST 458. Ordinarily, students should be on campus the semester prior to writing the senior thesis.
Pass/Fail Grading Option. Pass/fail grading may not be elected for courses applied toward the major.
Departmental Honors. Each spring, the department invites outstanding junior majors to become candidates for graduation with departmental honors. There are three principal advantages to this program for the qualified student: first, the two-semester schedule, with two course credits, allows more time for the maturation of the project and grants twice the academic credit for the related research and writing; second, the mutual understanding of the honors candidate and the thesis advisor that the completed work is to be presented to other interested readers also contributes to an enhanced relationship and a shared commitment that it be brought to a satisfactory conclusion; third, the quality of this relationship and of the completed work can inform much more substantive letters of recommendation, based on the student's demonstrated competence, discipline, and independence, the personal characteristics most sought by professional schools and potential employers alike.
Departmental invitees must discuss proposed topics with the preferred advisor before the beginning of the academic year. They must produce sufficient written work of sufficiently good quality by the end of the fall semester of the senior year to justify formal nomination by the history department to the College's honors committee. They must also present their work to a small faculty panel at the end of the winter semester in an oral defense. Finally, before graduation, the honors candidate must have demonstrated reading competence in a foreign language, which is commonly shown by completion of the fourth semester of college language-study.
External Credits. Majors must take a minimum of eight history courses from Bates faculty members. This means that students may use a maximum of two credits taken elsewhere (transfer or off-campus study courses) toward the major requirements. Advanced Placement credits, awarded for a score of four or five on the relevant examination, may count toward overall college graduation requirements but do not count toward the history major or minor.
Minor. The minor in history consists of at least six courses. Five of these courses must be taken from Bates faculty members. The history department's offerings cover an enormous range in space and time. Like history majors, minors should focus their studies in one of the department's areas of specialization and also sample at least one other area outside of the modern U.S. or European experience. The six courses must consist of: 1) At least three courses in one of the history department's areas of concentration: United States, Europe, Latin America, East Asia, or premodern. Of these three, one must be a 100-level survey course. 2) At least one course must be in Latin American or East Asian history, or if the focus is in one of these areas, at least one course must be in any other area of concentration.
Pass/Fail Grading Option. Courses applied toward a minor in history may not be taken pass/fail.
CM/HI 100. Introduction to the Ancient World.This course introduces the Greco-Roman world, and serves as a useful basis for 200- and 300-level courses in classical civilization. Within a general chronological framework students consider the ancient world under a series of headings: religion, philosophy, art, education, literature, social life, politics, and law. The survey begins with Bronze Age Crete and Mycenae and ends with the first century B.C.E., as Rome makes its presence felt in the Mediterranean and moves toward empire. Enrollment limited to 60. (European.) (Premodern.) [W2] D. O'Higgins. Concentrations.
CM/HI 102. Medieval Europe.Far from being an "enormous hiccup" in human progress, the medieval centuries (circa 350–1350) marked the full emergence of Islamic, Byzantine, and West European civilizations. These powerful medieval cultures shape our present. The central theme of this introductory survey course is the genesis and development of a distinct Western European medieval civilization including its social, economic, political, and cultural aspects. Important topics include the devolution of the Roman Empire; the Christianization of the West; the origins of the Byzantine world; the rise of Islam; and the history of medieval women. Enrollment limited to 48. (European.) (Premodern.) Normally offered every year. M. Jones. Concentrations.
HIST 104. Europe, 1789 to the Present.What is modern Europe? How did the history of this small region impinge on peoples around the globe? What was particularly modern about this period? This course explores themes and events in European history from the French Revolution to the present. During this period of cataclysmic economic change, the world, once viewed as static, seemed dynamic: cities grew exponentially, new nation-states emerged, traditional hierarchies faded, and new inequalities grew up in their stead. How did Europeans respond, and how did those responses help to shape the world? Students consider these questions using secondary literature and a variety of primary sources, including newspapers, political tracts, novels, and films. Enrollment limited to 50. (European.) C. Shaw. Concentrations.
CM/HI 108. Roman Civilization: The Republic.In this course students explore the civilization and history of ancient Rome from the foundation of the Republic around 510 B.C.E. until its collapse in civil war and its transformation into a monarchy under Julius Caesar and his nephew, Octavian. Each week the class convenes for lectures devoted to the political, social, and cultural history of the Republic. In addition, students meet once a week to discuss in detail primary sources for the period. Not open to students who have received credit for CM/HI 107. Enrollment limited to 60. (European.) (Premodern.) M. Imber. Concentrations.
CM/HI 109. Roman Civilization: The Empire.In this course students examine the civilization and history of ancient Rome from the Principate, the monarchy established by Octavian in 27 B.C.E., until the end of Justinian's dynasty at the beginning of the seventh century of the Common Era. Each week the class convenes for lectures devoted to the political, social, and cultural history of the Empire. In addition, students meet once a week to discuss in detail primary sources for the period. Recommended background: CM/HI 107. Enrollment limited to 60. (European.) (Premodern.) M. Imber. Concentrations.
INDS 130. Food in Ancient Greece and Rome. Participants in this course study food in ancient Greece and Rome: the history of the food supply for agrarian and urban populations; malnutrition, its probable impact on ancient economies, and its uneven impact on populations; famine; the symbolism of the heroic banquet—a division of the sacrificial animal among ranked members of society, and between men and gods; cuisine and delicacies of the rich; forbidden food; the respective roles of men and women in food production, and their unequal access to food supply; dietary transgression; and sacred food. Cross-listed in classical and medieval studies, history, and women and gender studies. Not open to students who have received credit for CMS s28. Enrollment limited to 60. (European.) (Premodern.) D. O'Higgins. Concentrations. Interdisciplinary Programs.
HIST 140. Origins of the New Nation, 1500–1820.This course examines how Americans, Europeans, and Africans cooperated with and confronted one another following 1500 and through the half-century following U.S. independence. The course focuses primarily on the British colonies that became the United States. Nonetheless, because the history of the United States is more than just the history of thirteen colonies, students learn about other North American colonies as a brief introduction to a much wider picture. By looking at a variety of sources and historical scholarship, students learn how members of these groups shaped the new nation, sometimes willingly, sometimes not. In addition, students gain an appreciation for the varied approaches that historians take when studying the past. Enrollment limited to 50. (Premodern.) (United States.) Normally offered every year. J. Hall. Concentrations. Interdisciplinary Programs.
AC/HI 141. America in the Age of the Civil War.This course surveys United States history from the early nineteenth to the early twentieth century, focusing particularly on the experience of immigrants, women, the plantation South, and the urbanizing North. Special attention is also given to the history of the American Civil War. Not open to students who have received credit for HIST 141. Enrollment limited to 48. (United States.) M. Creighton. Concentrations.
HIST 142. America in the Twentieth Century.This course surveys the American experience in the twentieth century from a deliberately interpretive point of view, examining political, social, economic, and cultural dimensions of life in the United States. Special attention is directed to the impact of war, corporate globalism, and movements for change upon the development of an increasingly complex, variegated modern society confronting the paradox of simultaneous social segmentation—by race, class, gender, ethnicity—and cultural homogenization. Students consider the disjunction between Americans' democratic ideals and their administered reality and what can be done to heal the split. Enrollment limited to 50. (United States.) Normally offered every year. H. Jensen. Concentrations. Interdisciplinary Programs.
AS/HI 171. China and Its Culture.An overview of Chinese civilization from the god-kings of the second millennium and the emergence of the Confucian familial state in the first millennium B.C.E., through the expansion of the hybrid Sino-foreign empires, to the revolutionary transformation of Chinese society by internal and external pressures in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Enrollment limited to 48. (East Asian.) (Premodern.) Normally offered every year. D. Grafflin. Concentrations.
AS/HI 172. Japan: Myths, Stereotypes, and Realities.This course surveys the development of Japanese culture and society from earliest times to the mid-nineteenth century, and discusses myths, stereotypes, and realities about Japan's so-called traditions and characteristics. Topics include the emperor's institution, samurai (warrior) culture, women's place in society, feudalism versus anti-authoritarian tradition, cosmopolitanism versus isolationism, and towns and villages, all in a comparative framework of world history. In addition to reading primary sources, class participants regularly watch segments on relevant topics from Japanese television programs. Enrollment limited to 48. (East Asian.) (Premodern.) Normally offered every year. A. Hirai. Concentrations.
HIST 181. Latin American History: From the Conquest to the Present.Beginning with the first encounters between Europeans and Americans and ending with the challenges of globalization in the twenty-first century, this course offers a chronological and topical overview of 500 years of Latin American history. It examines individual lives within the frameworks of sweeping political, social, and cultural transformations. Students use primary documents, images, analytical texts, and films to explore the major themes of the course, including the nature of conquest; the mixing of European, African, and American cultures; independence and nation building; and twentieth-century social revolutions and military dictatorships. Special attention is given to issues of race, gender, religion, and the role of the United States. Enrollment limited to 50. (Latin American.) Normally offered every year. K. Melvin. Concentrations. Interdisciplinary Programs.
HIST 199. Introduction to Historical Methods.This course provides an intensive introduction to research skills, historical literature, and the principles and methods of historical critical analysis (historiography). The course is team-taught to acquaint students with a variety of methodologies. Together students and faculty explore what counts as history, how we access the past, and how the subject of history itself has changed over time. This course provides important preparation for the senior thesis. This course is intended for history majors and is a departmental requirement. Recommended background: a college-level course in history. Recommended background: a college-level course in history. Prerequisite(s): one Bates history course. New course beginning Winter 2014. Not open to students who have received credit for HIST s40. One-time offering. C. Shaw, M. Creighton. Concentrations.
HIST 200. The Modern Middle East.This course is a survey of the Middle East from the post-Suleymanic Ottoman Empire to the present. It examines the fall of the Ottoman and Safavid empires, the rise of Western dominance, the struggle for independence, attempts at reform, the Arab-Israeli conflict, oil, the Iranian revolution, the Gulf Wars, and the rise of Islamist movements and their ongoing repercussions, with particular focus on the interplay between religion and politics and the nature of power and authority. The course is designed to provide the historical background necessary for understanding current events in the Middle East in their proper context. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 40. J. Thompson. Concentrations.
HIST 204. The Premodern Middle East.The history of the Middle East from the advent of Muhammad to the rise of the Ottomans and Safavids. The course addresses the spread of Islam, the development and application of religious and political authority, the Umayyad and Abbasid dynasties and their successors, the development of Islam, and aspects of Middle Eastern literature, art, science, and society. It is designed to instill a broad and deep understanding of the Middle East to enable more nuanced interpretations of current events within the context of the region's long historical experience. Enrollment limited to 40. (Premodern.) J. Thompson. Concentrations.
CM/HI 207. The Roman World and Roman Britain.The Roman Empire is famous for its decline and fall. Stretching from the Euphrates to the Atlantic, however, this remarkable multiethnic empire persisted for 500 years. Its story is a fascinating example of what Theodore Mommsen tagged the moral problem of "the struggle of necessity and liberty." This course is a study of the unifying and fragmenting forces at work on the social, economic, and political structures of the Roman imperial world. Key themes include the western provinces and Roman Britain, the effects of Romanization on conquered peoples, and the rise of Christianity. The survey begins with the reign of Augustus and concludes with the barbarian invasions of the fifth century. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 40. (European.) (Premodern.) M. Jones. Concentrations.
INDS 208. Introduction to Medieval Archaeology.The Middle Ages were a time of major cultural changes that laid the groundwork for Northwest Europe's emergence as a global center of political and economic power in subsequent centuries. However, many aspects of life in the period from 1000 to 1500 C.E. were unrecorded in contemporary documents and art, and archaeology has become an important tool for recovering that information. This course introduces the interdisciplinary methods and the findings of archaeological studies of topics including medieval urban and rural lifeways, health, commerce, religion, social hierarchy, warfare, and the effects of global climate change. Cross-listed in anthropology, classical and medieval studies, environmental studies, and history. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 40. (Premodern.) G. Bigelow. Concentrations.
CM/HI 209. Vikings.The Vikings were the most feared and perhaps misunderstood people of their day. Savage raiders branded as the Antichrist by their Christian victims, the Vikings were also the most successful traders and explorers of the early Middle Ages. The Viking Age lasted for three centuries (800–1100 C.E.), and the Vikings' world stretched from Russia to North America. Study of the myth and reality of Viking culture involves materials drawn from history, archaeology, mythology, and literature. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 40. (European.) (Premodern.) M. Jones. Concentrations.
INDS 210. Technology in U.S. History.Surveys the development, distribution, and use of technology in the United States from colonial roadways to microelectronics, using primary and secondary source material. Subjects treated include sexual and racial divisions of labor, theories of invention and innovation, and the ecological consequences of technological change. Cross-listed in American cultural studies, history, and women and gender studies. Not open to students who have received credit for HI/WS 210. Enrollment limited to 40. (United States.) R. Herzig. Concentrations. Interdisciplinary Programs.
INDS 211. U.S. Environmental History.This course explores the relationship between the North American environment and the development and expansion of the United States. Because Americans' efforts (both intentional and not) to define and shape the environment were rooted in their own struggles for power, environmental history offers an important perspective on the nation's social history. Specific topics include Europeans', Africans', and Indians' competing efforts to shape the colonial environment; the impact and changing understanding of disease; the relationship between industrial environments and political power; and the development of environmental movements. Cross-listed in American cultural studies, environmental studies, and history. Not open to students who have received credit for ES/HI 211. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 40. (United States.) J. Hall. Concentrations. Interdisciplinary Programs.
INDS 215. The Environmental History of Japan: Pollution, Protection, and the Public Good.This course looks at a range of environmental issues in the history of Japan from the late seventeenth century to the present. Key topics include managing scarce resources, the legacy of the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, heavy industrial pollution tied to breakneck industrial and economic growth, the rise of the environmental movement, and the 2011 Fukushima nuclear disaster and its implications. Students discuss conflicts between conservation and consumption, defining progress and growth, the individual costs behind larger societal and economic decisions, and balancing the material needs of human society with environmental preservation and ecological management. Cross-listed in Asian studies, environmental studies, and history. New course beginning Winter 2013. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 40. (East Asian.) One-time offering. P. Eason. Concentrations.
HIST 216. Science and Science Fiction .For most of history, science and science fiction were not clearly differentiated, if only because the modern categories of "fact" and "fiction" had not yet been invented. Scientific poems, mythological maps, and accounts of new worlds (whether microscopic, extraterrestrial, or on the other side of the ocean) open up a new way of thinking about the history of science in Europe from the Middle Ages to the early nineteenth century. This course interrogates premodern science as a creative and multifaceted enterprise with strong ties to literature, travel and colonialism, gender, and the "natural." New course begining Fall 2013 Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 40. (European.) (Premodern.) Normally offered every other year. L. Barnett. Concentrations.
HIST 217. Race in Modern Europe, 1750 to Today.Categorical social differences are age-old. The practice of social classification by race, by contrast, is quite modern, dating to the eighteenth century. The idea that race biologically fixed a group's historical fate is newer still. How did notions of racial classification develop? When did these ideas gain traction? How were they institutionalized and with what consequences? In answering these questions, students chart the history of race in modern European thought, politics, and daily life. In so doing, they examine the consequences of changing notions of race in Europe and in the wider world. Recommended background: HIST 104 or one course in modern European or world history. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 40. (European.) Normally offered every other year. C. Shaw. Concentrations.
HIST 218. The Age of Napoleon.The Age of Napoleon spans the transitional moment in European history from the French Revolution until 1815, the beginning of the long period of relative diplomatic stability that endured until 1914. Organized around the remarkable, and indeed mythical and legendary career of Napoleon Bonaparte, the course explores not only Napoleon?s political and military exploits but also their wider European context, including cultural issues. Thoughtful examination of both primary and secondary source materials leads students to a better individual understanding of one of the most studied yet most controversial epochs in modern European history. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 40. [W2] One-time offering. J. Thompson. Concentrations.
INDS 219. Environmental Archaeology.Over the past two hundred years archaeologists, scientists, and humanists in many disciplines have worked together to understand the interactions of past human populations with the physical world, including plants, animals, landscapes, and climates. This course outlines the methods and theories used by archaeologists, geologists, biologists, physicists, chemists, and historians in reconstructing past economies and ecologies in diverse areas of the globe. The course also discusses how archaeology contributes to our understanding of contemporary environmental issues such as rapid climate change, shrinking biodiversity, and sustainable use of resources. Cross-listed in anthropology, environmental studies, and history. Recommended background: ANTH 103. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 40. (Premodern.) Normally offered every year. G. Bigelow. Concentrations.
HIST 224. The French Revolution.This course considers three periods and related problems: 1) the pre-Revolutionary Old Regime and its defining political, religious, and social structures; 2) the "more moderate" revolution of 1789–1791, which destroyed the old order of throne and altar and of nobles and nobodies and attempted to reconstruct the nation on principles of liberty and equality; 3) the "more radical" revolution of 1792–1794, in which the Jacobin Republic resorted to acknowledged terror as a means of imposing a new regime and crushing opposition to it, while also giving political voice to ordinary men and women and formally emancipating rebellious slaves. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 45. (European.) Normally offered every year. Staff. Concentrations.
HIST 230. The History of U.S.–Latin American Relations.This course traces the political, economic, social, and cultural repercussions of U.S.-Latin American relations from the mid-19th century, when the United States began to emerge as the preeminent foreign power in Latin America, to the present day. Students examine cases of overt political intervention and conflict, as well as less dramatic but ongoing forms of political, economic, and cultural influence. The course challenges students to reevaluate understandings of hemispheric relations by assessing the influence over time of Latin America in the United States. Enrollment limited to 40. (Latin American.) (United States.) One-time offering. J. Adair. Concentrations.
CM/HI 231. Litigation in Classical Athens.This course studies the practice of law in ancient Athens. About 100 speeches survive from the fourth century B.C.E. in which Athenians contested everything from wills and property to the worthiness of political candidates for office and the proper conduct of domestic and international affairs. Study of these speeches illuminates not merely the procedural organization of law in the Athenian democracy, but also the nature of political, social, and cultural structures in Athens. Consequently, the course concentrates as much on the various methodological approaches scholars have applied to the orations as on learning the mechanics of Athenian legal procedure. Open to first-year students. (Premodern.) Offered with varying frequency. M. Imber. Concentrations.
AS/HI 233. Selective Successes: Alternative Narratives and Identities in Modern Japan .This course questions the "success" of Japan's history as a modern nation-state from the perspective of marginalized identity groups within the larger mainstream of Japanese society. The stories of ethnic minorities such as Burakumin and the Ainu, the role and position of women, and ethnic Koreans in Japan are all major topics of study. By highlighting the internal diversity within the history of modern Japan, narratives and definitions of "success" are recast through the lens of different subgroups and identities within Japan, providing a deeper understanding of Japanese history and mutliple approaches in the wider historiography. Enrollment limited to 40. (East Asian.) One-time offering. P. Eason. Concentrations.
HIST 234. The Enlightenment .Equal rights was one of the many exciting ideas to emerge from the intellectual, cultural, and political movement known as the Enlightenment. However, the revolutions that followed in France, Haiti, and America largely failed to enact equal rights for all. This course explores this central paradox of the Enlightenment by adopting a global framework. What kinds of people participated in the Enlightenment, and who was excluded? How did this inclusion and exclusion shape Enlightenment debates about race, women, education, the economy, religion, and government? New course begining Fall 2013 Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 40. (European.) (Premodern.) Normally offered every other year. L. Barnett. Concentrations.
HIST 235. Britain in the World/The World in Britain, 1790-1990.By the nineteenth century, Britain had the largest empire in history and was a self-professed icon of liberal progress. This course explores the evolution and ambiguous legacies of British liberalism at home and around the world. While connected to our modern notions of democracy and human rights, liberalism developed within the social assumptions of an imperial era. What did liberal progress mean for Britons and colonial subjects? Who advocated for reform? Who was meant to benefit? How did this ideology change over time, and with what consequences for Britain and the world at large? Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 40. (European.) C. Shaw. Concentrations.
HI/PT 237. Social Movements, Popular Politics, and Rebellion in 21st Century Latin America.The first decade of the twenty-first century witnessed a resurgence of leftist movements throughout Latin America, from the rise of Hugo Chavez in Venezuela to the mobilization of indigenous peasants in Bolivia. What precipitated these political movements? What have been their achievements and limitations? In this course, students explore how social movements and political actors define and practice democracy, citizenship, and popular politics throughout Latin America. Students rely on critical scholarly readings and testimonies from the region in order to draw their own conclusions about the current challenges and opportunities facing social movements throughout Latin America. Course crosslisted beginning Winter 2013. Enrollment limited to 40. One-time offering. J. Adair. Concentrations.
HIST 237. Social Movements, Popular Politics, and Rebellion in 21st Century Latin America.The first decade of the twenty-first century witnessed a resurgence of leftist movements throughout Latin America, from the rise of Hugo Chavez in Venezuela to the mobilization of indigenous peasants in Bolivia. What precipitated these political movements? What have been their achievements and limitations? In this course, students explore how social movements and political actors define and practice democracy, citizenship, and popular politics throughout Latin America. Students rely on critical scholarly readings and testimonies from the region in order to draw their own conclusions about the current challenges and opportunities facing social movements throughout Latin America. Enrollment limited to 40. One-time offering. J. Adair. Concentrations.
HIST 241. The Age of the American Revolution, 1763–1789.A study of the American Revolution from its origins as a protest movement to one seeking independence from Britain. Because the War for Independence transformed American society, the course examines differences among Americans over the meaning of the Revolution and over the nature of society in the new republic. The course considers the significance of the Revolution for Europeans and Latin Americans as well. Recommended background: History 140. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 40. (Premodern.) (United States.) J. Hall. Concentrations. Interdisciplinary Programs.
AA/HI 243. African American History.People of African heritage in this country have been described as both "omni-Americans" and a distinctive cultural "nation within a nation." The course explores this apparent paradox using primary and interpretive sources, including oral and written biography, music, fiction, and social history. It examines key issues, recurrent themes, conflicting strategies, and influential personalities in African Americans' quest for freedom and security. It surveys black American history from seventeenth-century African roots to current problems that remain in building an egalitarian, multiracial society for the future. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 40. (United States.) H. Jensen. Concentrations.
AC/HI 244. Native American History.A survey of Native American peoples from European contact to the present, this course addresses questions of cultural interaction, power, and native peoples' continuing history of colonization. By looking at the ways various First Nations took advantage of and suffered from their new relations with newcomers, students learn that this history is more than one of conquest and disappearance. In addition, they learn that the basic categories of "Indian" and "white" are themselves inadequate for understanding native pasts and presents. Much of this learning depends on careful readings of native writers. Not open to students who have received credit for HIST 244. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 40. (United States.) J. Hall. Concentrations.
AC/HI 248. Back East, Down South, Out West: Regions in American Culture.This course examines American regions as they have emerged as cultural entities from the eighteenth century to the present. Its primary texts are grounded in contemporary scholarship in history and cultural geography and in popular literature, film, music, and architecture. Students investigate the intersection of demographic and economic history with cultural invention. Beginning with a focus on "olde" New England and continuing with a study of the cultural power of the "wild" West, students devote considerable attention to the "deep" South to understand how region mediates the identities and experiences associated with race, class, and gender difference. Prerequisite(s): AC/HI 141 or HIST 243. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 40. (United States.) M. Creighton. Concentrations.
HIST 249. Colonial North America.This course seeks to rectify the common misconception that American colonial history consists only of the thirteen British colonies of the Atlantic seaboard. Instead, students examine the colonial period from a continental perspective, examining a number of societies that Europeans, Americans, and Africans created in North America before 1800. Combining historical readings with primary sources such as documents, paintings, and architecture, students can appreciate the wide variety of American colonial experiences and some of the ways these societies were connected. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 40. (Premodern.) (United States.) J. Hall. Concentrations. Interdisciplinary Programs.
CM/HI 253. Introduction to Roman Law.This course introduces students to the Roman legal system, as a process, a source of substantive law, and the origin of a particular kind of reasoning in the West. The course concentrates on a specific area of Roman law: either delict (akin to torts in the American legal system), family law, or criminal law. Teaching is mainly by the case law method used in law schools. Students spend a third of their time preparing for and participating in a mock trial that concludes the course. Recommended background: CMS 108 or 109. Enrollment limited to 40. (Premodern.) M. Imber. Concentrations.
HIST 254. Revolutionary Europe and Its Legacies, 1789-1989 .This course examines the European revolutions and their legacies ? political, cultural, and ideological ? over time. The French Revolution of 1789 brought unprecedented promises of political and social reform to Europe. Yet it also brought terror and authoritarian rule, a cycle that would seem to repeat itself, "the first time as tragedy, the second as farce," as Karl Marx said of the revolutions of 1848. In this course students consider these revolutions together with the Communist uprisings waged in Marx's name, and the "velvet" revolutions of 1989 that seem to have concluded this revolutionary cycle, at least for the moment. New course begining Winter 2014 Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 40. (European.) Normally offered every other year. C. Shaw. Concentrations.
HIST 256. British Modernity 1688-Today."American exceptionalism" New course begining Fall 2013 Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 40. (European.) Normally offered every other year. C. Shaw. Concentrations.
HIST 261. American Protest: From the Haymarket Riot to Occupy Wall Street.This course examines the persistent and uniquely American impetus toward individual liberty, equality, and collective moral reform by studying a variety of representative dissenters and protest movements from Emma Goldman to the contemporary Occupy Movement. Consequently, it investigates the development and interplay of American variants of anarchism, socialism, pacifism, syndicalism, racial egalitarianism, counterculture, feminism, radical environmentalism, sexual freedom, and the new anti-corporatism, along with their influences—intentional and fortuitous—upon the larger society. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 40. (United States.) H. Jensen. Concentrations.
HIST 265. Wartime Dissent in Modern America.Periods of war—whatever their justifications—have proven to be dangerous times for American civil liberties. The price of patriotic unity is often paid directly by American dissenters targeted—by political or racial profiling and repressive legislation—for government surveillance, harassment, prosecution, detention, internment, imprisonment, or deportation. This course explores whether such costs are ever defensible, why dissenters risk such sanctions, and what the long-term consequences of even short-term curtailments of freedom portend for the future of American democracy. Conflicts from World War I through the contemporary "War on Terror" are examined. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 40. (United States.) H. Jensen. Concentrations. Interdisciplinary Programs.
INDS 267. Blood, Genes, and American Culture.Places recent popular and scientific discussions of human heredity and genetics in broader social, political, and historical context, focusing on shifting definitions of personhood. Topics include the ownership and exchange of human bodies and body parts, the development of assisted reproductive technologies, and the emergence of new forms of biological citizenship. Recommended background: course work in biology and/or women and gender studies. Cross-listed in American cultural studies, history, and women and gender studies. Not open to students who have received credit for HI/WS 267. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 40. (United States.) R. Herzig. Concentrations. Interdisciplinary Programs.
AS/HI 273. Korea and Its Culture.The course examines the distinctive evolution of Korean civilization within the East Asian cultural sphere, from its myths of origin through its struggles to survive amidst powerful neighbors, to the twentieth-century challenges of colonial domination and its poisonous legacies of civil war and division, and the puzzles of redefining a hierarchical Neo-Confucian state in the context of global capitalism. Not open to students who have received credit for AS/HI 173. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 40. (East Asian.) (Premodern.) D. Grafflin. Concentrations.
AS/HI 274. China in Revolution.Modern China's century of revolutions, from the disintegration of the traditional empire in the late nineteenth century, through the twentieth-century attempts at reconstruction, to the tenuous stability of the post-Maoist regime. Recommended background: AS/HI 171. Enrollment limited to 40. (East Asian.) Normally offered every year. D. Grafflin. Concentrations.
AS/HI 276. Japan since 1945 through Film and Literature.This course on Japan since World War II offers brief survey of Japan's prewar history, followed by a detailed analysis of postwar developments. The focus is cultural and social history, but these aspects of postwar Japan are examined in their political, economic, and international context. Study materials combine great works of literature and film with scholarly writings on related subjects. Kurosawa's Rashomon is viewed in conjunction with a book on the Tokyo War Crimes Trials. Kobo Abe's novels and their film renditions are coupled with excerpts from Marx's treatises on alienation in capitalist society. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 40. (East Asian.) A. Hirai. Concentrations.
AS/HI 277. Race, Empire, War: World War II in Asia and the Pacific.This course examines Japan's war against the United States within a larger context of the Sino-Japanese War and World War II in Europe, and attempts to debunk myths about Japan's fanaticism in executing a holy war. After surveying Japan's geopolitical, strategic, and diplomatic intrigues, the roles of culture and ideology, and above all, comprehensive war goals, students write a research paper that explores how a trans-Pacific war resulted in a creation of a far more complex new Asia. Students learn to analyze (in English translation) Japanese archival materials, pamphlets, memoirs, and other publications. Not open to students who have received credit for HIST 277 or 390A. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 40. (East Asian.) A. Hirai. Concentrations.
AS/HI 278. Taiwan.On 20 May 2000, with the inauguration of a president from the opposition, Taiwan added political democracy to the list of Chinese historical achievements. This course surveys the history of the island from seventeenth-century piracy to a geopolitical flashpoint. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 40. (East Asian.) D. Grafflin. Concentrations.
HIST 279. The Age of Independence in Latin America.Most areas of Latin America gained their independence from Spain or Portugal during the early nineteenth century, but were these political transformations accompanied by equally great social, economic, or cultural change? This course explores not just the struggles to overthrow colonial powers, but also what it meant to live in the decades surrounding these tumultuous events. The first Latin American novel, The Mangy Parrot, provides the basis for exploring topics that include education, family, and daily life. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 40. (Latin American.) K. Melvin. Concentrations. Interdisciplinary Programs.
HIST 282. The City in Latin America.Today the majority of people in Latin America live in cities, but this was not the case 500 years ago when the first Europeans arrived. Since then cities have become home to people of all races and social strata. This course examines the development of cities as meeting grounds among different groups of people, as centers of wealth and power, and as sites where much of Latin America's culture was formed. It concentrates on major cities in Mexico, Peru, Argentina, and Brazil from precolonial civilizations through twentieth-century mass urbanization. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 40. (Latin American.) K. Melvin. Concentrations. Interdisciplinary Programs.
AS/HI 291. World War II in the Pacific: Captors, Captives, Civilians, and Collaboration.This course follows the history of World War II from the perspective of individuals who lived through the conflict. The primary focus is less on political and military strategy and more on the ordinary soldiers and noncombatants whose lives were transformed and defined by the waging of total war in the Pacific. Larger goals for this course include understanding the demands total war placed on all segments of the nations (and colonies) at war, the diversity of both individual and community experiences, and the historical lens through which the war continues to be remembered. New course beginning Winter 2013. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 40. (East Asian.) One-time offering. P. Eason. Concentrations.
HIST 360. Independent Study.Students, in consultation with a faculty advisor, individually design and plan a course of study or research not offered in the curriculum. Course work includes a reflective component, evaluation, and completion of an agreed-upon product. Sponsorship by a faculty member in the program/department, a course prospectus, and permission of the chair are required. Students may register for no more than one independent study per semester. Normally offered every semester. Staff. Concentrations.
HIST 365. Special Topics.A course or seminar offered from time to time and reserved for a special topic selected by the department. Staff. Concentrations.
HIST 390. Junior-Senior Seminars.These seminars provide opportunities for concentrated work on a particular theme, national experience, or methodology for advanced majors and nonmajors alike. Junior and senior majors are encouraged to use these seminars to generate thesis topics. Concentrations.
HIST 390A. Belle and Beleaguered: European Culture at the Fin de Siecle.Economic and political change during the 1800s revolutionized the daily lives of ordinary Europeans. This course examines the cultural and intellectual reverberations of these cataclysmic changes by focusing on the decades around the turn of the twentieth century. Topics explored include anxieties about urban culture and crime; the rise of socialism and xenophobia; the discovery of the unconscious; and new theories of knowledge, art, and religion. Students delve into the writings of Zola, Nietzsche, and Freud; investigate middle-class flirtations with the occult; and read about sensational crimes like those of Jack the Ripper and continental anarchists. Recommended background: HIST 104. Enrollment limited to 15. (European.) [W2] C. Shaw. Concentrations.
CM/HI 390D. Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire.Edward Gibbon's classic Decline and Fall is the most famous work of history written in English. This course uses it as an introduction to the problem of the collapse of complex, premodern societies and specifically the end of the Roman West. Changing historical explanations for the fall of Rome are a microcosm of Western historiography. Students also explore basic questions on the nature of history and historians. Enrollment limited to 15. Instructor permission is required. (European.) (Premodern.) [W2] M. Jones. Concentrations.
AA/HI 390E. African Slavery in the Americas.Of the millions of immigrants who arrived in North and South America during the colonial period, the majority came not from Europe but from Africa. They came not for freedom but as human property, facing a lifetime of bondage for themselves and their offspring. Far from being the "peculiar institution" that whites in the U.S. South called it, slavery existed throughout the Americas before its abolition in the nineteenth century. By reading contemporary scholarship and examining such primary sources as music, letters, autobiographies, and material artifacts, students gain a sense of the ways Africans and African Americans survived and influenced an institution that sought to deny their humanity. Enrollment limited to 15. (Premodern.) (United States.) [W2] J. Hall. Concentrations.
AS/HI 390G. East Asia: Crimes of Modernity.Modernization came to East Asia in a context of violence. The academic abstractions of imperialism, colonialism, revolution, and civil war were experienced on the ground as shattering transgressions and transformations of the traditional social, political, and economic orders, generating shock waves that continue to spread. This seminar proposes as a model researcher the homicide detective, working to build an explanatory context around deadly ruptures of civilized existence. Prerequisite(s): AS/HI 171, 172, 273, 274, 276, 277, or 278. Enrollment limited to 15. (East Asian.) [W2] Normally offered every year. D. Grafflin. Concentrations.
HIST 390H. The Mexican Revolution.Although best known for the military phase that featured such colorful figures as Pancho Villa and Emiliano Zapata, the Mexican Revolution encompassed a range of ideologies, state-building projects, and social movements. This course examines how scholars have explained the revolution and how its legacies have figured in the creation of modern Mexico. Students develop their own interpretations by analyzing books, articles, novels, and films; considering theories of revolution; and evaluating primary sources. Topics covered include the roles of popular classes and women, the creation of a postrevolutionary government, and the influence of the United States. Enrollment limited to 15. (Latin American.) [W2] K. Melvin. Concentrations. Interdisciplinary Programs.
CM/HI 390I. Anglo-Saxon England.This seminar concentrates on Dark Age Britain (circa 400–800 C.E.). This period is a mystery wrapped in an enigma. Ignorance and obscurity offer one advantage to students: the sources are so few that they may be explored in a single semester. The course is designed to present typical kinds of early medieval evidence (saints' lives, chronicles, annals, charters, poetry, genealogy, archaeology), introduce students to their potentials and difficulties, and then set a series of problems that requires application of these materials to gain an answer. Enrollment limited to 15. Instructor permission is required. (European.) (Premodern.) [W2] M. Jones. Concentrations.
CM/HI 390J. Law and Society in Ancient Rome.This research seminar introduces students to the range of academic skills necessary to conduct research and write scholarly papers on topics in ancient Roman law. In addition to considering the actual substance and procedures of Roman law, students explore different methodologies that consider Roman law and the relationship of Roman law to the historical and social contexts in which Roman law evolved. Prerequisite(s): CM/HI 100, 102, 108, or 109. Enrollment limited to 15. (European.) (Premodern.) [W2] M. Imber. Concentrations.
AC/HI 390L. Exhibiting American Culture.How is America defined through cultural exhibitions and performances of national identity? This course examines the politics of exhibiting American culture. Each week the course investigates distinct exhibitions of visual culture and the cultural body, such as historic house museums, plantations and American slavery museums, Colonial Williamsburg, world expositions, the phenomenon of the wild west show, cowboy culture, Native American exhibitions, and displays of American culture in music videos, film, and television. Through these types of exhibitions, students consider issues of stereotype, race, and national and local identity. Cross-listed in American cultural studies, art and visual culture, and history. Course renumbered beginning Winter 2014. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 15. (United States.) A. Bessire. Concentrations.
HIST 390P. Prelude to the Civil Rights Movement.This course explores the forgotten years of the civil rights movement, the seedtime of black protest and insurgency, from the New York Riot of 1900 to the Supreme Court's landmark desegregation decision in 1954. Emphasis is placed upon the development of protest techniques, conflicting organizational strategies of advance, leadership struggles, and the flowering of distinct and innovative cultural forms. Harlem, the cultural capital of black America, is examined as a paradigmatic case study of the effects of northern migration, urbanization, and proletarianization on America's bellwether minority. Enrollment limited to 15. (United States.) [W2] H. Jensen. Concentrations. Interdisciplinary Programs.
HI/WS 390Q. A Woman's Place: Gender and Geography in the United States, 1800–Present.Using a case study approach, this course looks at diverse American women from the early 1800s to the present and how they shaped, traversed, and contested the spaces they inhabited or were assigned, whether public or private, rural or urban, temporary or lifelong. Recommended background: AC/HI 141, HIST 142, or WGST 100. Not open to students who have received credit for HI/WS 252. Enrollment limited to 15. Instructor permission is required. (United States.) [W2] M. Creighton. Concentrations.
ES/HI 390R. Nature and Empire.This seminar course explores the dynamic relationship between science, environment, and empire from the sixteenth to the nineteenth centuries. During this period, European colonies in Africa, India, and the Americas became laboratories for scientific and environmental experimentation, provoking confrontations between diverse cultures over patterns of land use and ideas about the natural world. Students read widely in recent historical scholarship in order to understand how the environment shaped colonial settlement and expansion; how imperial expansion then changed natural environments; and how the natural and human sciences bolstered and profited from imperial expansion. Cross-listed in Environmental Studies and History New course begining Winter 2014. Enrollment limited to 15. (European.) (Premodern.) Normally offered every other year. L. Barnett. Concentrations.
HIST 390S. Colonies and Empires.After 1492, European empires staked claims to vast American territories. Despite the existence of several colonial cities as large as many in Europe, the improvisational and often forlorn character of many American outposts seemed to mock the idea of empire. Whatever their situation, American subjects proved to be ambivalent members of these new global entities, and the challenges of travel and communication only complicated matters. This seminar explores the paradoxes of imperial authority and local autonomy with a comparative look at the Spanish and British empires, from the early explorers to the first intimations of American independence. Enrollment limited to 15. (Premodern.) (United States.) [W2] J. Hall. Concentrations. Interdisciplinary Programs.
HIST 390U. Sir Richard Francis Burton.This seminar explores the life and career of Sir Richard Francis Burton (1821-1890). An intriguing Victorian figure, Burton was a soldier, diplomat, explorer, ethnographer, and much more. But above all, he was a writer. Through critical examination of selections from his copious publications and pertinent secondary material, the seminar attempts to understand the nature of Burton's prodigious creativity as well as his tragic flaws, while following his adventures and misadventures on five continents. The course demonstrate how study of key individuals who are considered out of or ahead of their times can provide the most striking perspectives on their historical contexts. Enrollment limited to 15. (European.) [W2] J. Thompson. Concentrations.
HI/PT 390V. The Politics of Human Rights and Memory in Latin America.In this course, students examine how Latin American societies have come to terms with the legacies of violence and authoritarian regimes that characterized the second half of the twentieth century. Concentrating primarily on two regions, Central America and the Southern Cone, students focus on the rise of dictatorships in Latin America. Through texts ranging from legal jurisprudence, oral histories, trial transcripts, and scholarly articles, students produce original work on topics ranging from the emergence of human rights movements, transitions to democracy, transitional justice, truth commissions, and the contentious politics of commemoration. New course beginning Winter 2013. Enrollment limited to 15. (Identities and Interests.) (Phil., Lit., Legal Studies.) [W2] J. Adair. Concentrations.
HIST 390W. The Civil Rights Movement.Between 1954 and 1968, the civil rights movement rearranged the terrain and composition of American social relations, altered the domestic agenda of American politics, created a hopeful climate for change, unleashed hidden turbulences of racial nationalism and gender division, and broached still-unanswered questions about the nation's uneven distribution of wealth. It enunciated the moral vocabulary of a generation. By critically examining primary documents, film, audio records, social history, and participant testimony, this course seeks to deflate the mythology surrounding this subject and comprehend it as "living history" infused with new meaning for the present. Enrollment limited to 15. Instructor permission is required. (United States.) [W2] Community-Engaged Learning. H. Jensen. Concentrations. Interdisciplinary Programs.
HIST 390X. "Self-Evident Truths": A History of Human Rights and Humanitarianism .Locke's In today's world, activists and newscasters assume that we will care about the fate of peoples remote from ourselves. This was not always the case. Only in the eighteenth century did basic rights begin to seem "self-evident" and universal. Even then, the implementation of those rights was far from straightforward given the limits of an imperfect world. This course studies these developments, drawing on case studies from European and European imperial histories from the late eighteenth century to the present. Students examine how rights have been defined and how those definitions have changed over time. Recommended background: Prior courses in European History and/or the history of European empires. New course beginning Fall 2013. Enrollment limited to 15. (European.) Normally offered every other year. C. Shaw. Concentrations.
HI/RE 390Y. The Spanish Inquisition.Were witches and heretics really tortured in the Spanish Inquisition's infamous jails? This course examines both the institution of the Spanish Inquisition and the lives of those who came before it. The sins that concerned the Inquisition depended on the time and place, and the crimes prosecuted in sixteenth-century Spain or eighteenth-century New Spain reveal a great deal about early modern (ca. 1500–1800) culture and society. Students read and analyze original Inquisition cases from Spain and New Spain as well as consider the ways historians have used cases to investigate topics such as sexuality and marriage, witchcraft, and the persecution of Jews and Muslims. Enrollment limited to 15. (European.) (Latin American.) (Premodern.) [W2] K. Melvin. Concentrations.
ES/HI 390Z. Nature and Empire.This seminar course explores the dynamic relationship between science, environment, and empire from the sixteenth to the nineteenth centuries. During this period, European colonies in Africa, India, and the Americas became laboratories for scientific and environmental experimentation, provoking confrontations between diverse cultures over patterns of land use and ideas about the natural world. Students read widely in recent historical scholarship in order to understand how the environment shaped colonial settlement and expansion; how imperial expansion then changed natural environments; and how the natural and human sciences bolstered and profited from imperial expansion. Cross-listed in Environmental Studies and History Course renumbered as ES/HI 390R. Enrollment limited to 15. (European.) (Premodern.) Normally offered every other year. L. Barnett. Concentrations.
INDS 390Z. Race and U.S. Women's Movements.This course focuses on how racial formations develop in women's movements and how gender ideologies take shape through racialization. Some of the movements examined include the woman's suffrage movement, the anti-lynching movement, the civil rights movement, moral reform movements, the welfare rights movement, the women's liberation movement, and the peace movement. Students analyze how the intertwined categories of race and gender shape various women's responses to debates about issues including citizenship, U.S. foreign policy, reproductive rights, and immigration. Students consider current theoretical and methodological debates and examine the topic through the perspectives of women in various ethnic and racial groups. Prerequisite(s): five core courses in women and gender studies. Cross-listed in history, politics, and women and gender studies. Not open to students who have received credit for PT/WS 389 or 390, or WGST 400E. Enrollment limited to 15. (Identities and Interests.) (Institutional Politics.) M. Plastas. Concentrations.
HIST 457. Senior Thesis.The research and writing of an extended essay in history, following the established practices of the discipline, under the guidance of a departmental supervisor. Students register for HIST 457 in the fall semester and for HIST 458 in the winter semester. Majors writing an honors thesis register for both HIST 457 and 458. [W3] Normally offered every year. Staff. Concentrations.
HIST 457, 458. Senior Thesis.The research and writing of an extended essay in history, following the established practices of the discipline, under the guidance of a departmental supervisor. Students register for HIST 457 in the fall semester and for HIST 458 in the winter semester. Majors writing an honors thesis register for both HIST 457 and 458. [W3] Normally offered every year. Staff. Concentrations.
HIST 458. Senior Thesis.The research and writing of an extended essay in history, following the established practices of the discipline, under the guidance of a departmental supervisor. Students register for HIST 458 in the winter semester. Majors writing an honors thesis register for both HIST 457 and 458. [W3] Normally offered every year. Staff. Concentrations.Short Term Courses
AS/HI s11. Pacifism, Militarism, Environmentalism, and Giant Robots: Exploring Postwar Japan Through Film.Japan's film industry, the world's fourth largest and 115 years old, has produced a range of both critical and commercial successes. It also offers a window into the circulation of ideas in modern Japanese society and culture at large. This course looks at issues in the history of Japan since 1945 through a range of films, including comedies, space operas, animated films, and—of course—Godzilla, as well as framing readings. Key themes considered include Japan's own historical self-image and attitudes toward militarism and pacifism, environmental and technological anxieties, consumerism, and individualism in postwar Japan. New course beginning Short Term 2013. Enrollment limited to 30. (East Asian.) One-time offering. P. Eason. Concentrations.
INDS s12. Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, 1960–1970: History, Strategies, and Implications.This course examines the history and strategies of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and it's role in the African American civil rights movement in the South from 1954. The course provides a context for students to analyze implications for present-day moral radicalism, social protest, and the relation of faith and justice making. Students read texts, witness documentaries, learn and sing freedom songs, and observe video selections from the fiftieth anniversary of SNCC Conference in April 2010. Crosslisted in African American studies, American cultural studies, and history. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 30. (United States.) W. Blaine-Wallace. Concentrations.
INDS s13. Daily Life under Hitler and Stalin.In this course, students examine everyday life in two of the twentieth century's most brutal political systems: Hitler's Nazi Germany and Stalin's USSR. They pay particular attention to how these two totalitarian regimes dominated the public sphere from the late 1920s to the end of World War II, and examine the question of agency: To what extent were the citizens of the Third Reich and the USSR manipulated, willing participants, or sympathetic fellow travelers? Cross-listed in German, history, and Russian. Enrollment limited to 30. (European.) D. Browne. Concentrations.
HIST s18. The Social and Cultural History of Food in Latin America .What kind of historical information can the study of food yield? Students consider the question by examining food as part of the social and cultural history of Latin America. Through historical texts, cookbooks, literature, film, and food tastings, the course explores the history of food production, commodification, and consumption in Latin America, while paying close attention to the ways that cuisine has shaped cultural identity, social difference, and nationalisms over time. Enrollment limited to 30. One-time offering. J. Adair. Concentrations.
HIST s19. Ancient Egypt.Ancient Egypt was one of the crucial epochs in the development of civilization. Spanning thousands of years, it developed a rich, varied culture that has continually fascinated succeeding generations. Exploring the major periods in ancient Egyptian history, beginning with Predynastic Egypt and moving through Pharaonic, Greco-Roman, and Coptic times, the course also examines the rediscovery of ancient Egypt, the development of Egyptology, and the role of ancient Egypt in the popular imagination. The social, religious, cultural, and artistic dimensions of ancient Egypt are considered as is its political history. Enrollment limited to 30. (Premodern.) J. Thompson. Concentrations.
HIST s20. Visions of the Past: Political Film and Historical Narrative.History need not be done on a page. Visual imagination—captured in photographs and documentary film—has often proved an indispensable pathway to historical, social, and political understanding. But have historians been well-served by Hollywood feature film portrayals of politically charged situations "based on a true story" that mix fact and consumer titillation to sell tickets? This course compares representative films of the "historical" genre to traditional written evidence about some controversial events in recent history. Can cinematic techniques truthfully illuminate dimensions of moral imperative and resonances of the human condition that printed words cannot? Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 15. (United States.) H. Jensen. Concentrations.
EN/HI s23. Introduction to the History of the Book.Every book tells two stories—both that in the pages and that of those pages. This course explores the history and technologies of the written word in order to discover relationships between textual form, transmission, reception, and meaning. Tracing the history of the book through time, students undertake direct research of textual objects, on campus and off. How has the book changed throughout history and what are the connections between its form, its meaning, and its value? What forces have shaped the book's material nature and transmission, and why have these had the effects that they have had? New course beginning Short Term 2013. Enrollment limited to 15. One-time offering. M. Pangallo. Concentrations.
INDS s24. Shetland Islands: Archaeological Field Course.In this course students participate in the excavation of a late medieval/early modern farmstead at Brow, Shetland (Scotland). Early settlement in Shetland was on the margin of successful medieval colonization of the North Atlantic. The Brow site is a revealing "laboratory" in which to explore the interaction of climate change and human settlement in a fragile coastal zone. A series of field trips in mainland Scotland place the Brow excavation in the wider context of settlement, environment, archaeology, and the history of Scotland and the North Atlantic. Recommended background: courses in medieval history or archaeology. Cross-listed in classical and medieval studies, environmental studies, and history. Enrollment limited to 10. Instructor permission is required. (Premodern.) M. Jones. Concentrations. Interdisciplinary Programs.
AS/HI s25. Americans in Japan.The course considers Americans who visited Japan since the first contact between the two nations in 1853. Focusing on the period before World War II, students examine the motivations and goals of these sojourners, and what they accomplished in their travels. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 20. (East Asian.) A. Hirai. Concentrations.
AS/HI s26. North Korea.In the age of globalization, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) is the most conspicuous exception to almost every generalization about contemporary nation-states. Aggressive and vulnerable, defiant and isolationist, it manages to induce governmental nightmares in all of its neighbors and the United States. The aim of the course is to see how the DPRK makes sense on its own terms. Recommended background: AS/HI 273. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 30. (East Asian.) D. Grafflin. Concentrations.
HIST s27. Destination Latin America: Travelers and Tourists.Ecotourists, explorers, revolutionaries, wives of foreign diplomats, members of scientific expeditions, missionaries, and fun-seeking spring breakers – these are just some of the travelers who have provided eyewitness accounts of Latin America's peoples and regions. This course centers on different types of travelers and their destinations, asking how travelers' purposes and perspectives affected what they saw and decided to record. More generally, it examines how travel has affected Latin American culture and society, such as in the promotion of "authentic" indigenous cultural events or in the building of new cities, like Cancun, as tourist resorts. Open to first-year students. (Latin American.) K. Melvin. Concentrations.
HIST s28. Wabanaki History in Maine.The peoples of Maine known as the Wabanakis, including the Penobscot, Passamaquoddy, Micmac, and Maliseet nations, are pivotal players in Maine's history. Their early relations with Europeans shaped the colonization of the region and their more recent legal efforts to regain land and build casinos have affected everyone in the state. This course looks at the long history of Maine's Wabanakis, examining the ways that they have adapted to, fought with, and lived alongside European invaders and their descendants. Students examine some of the ways that European Americans' racism has erased Wabanakis' presence in the state and its history, the meanings of sovereignty in a state that still retains a great deal of influence over native peoples, and the role of environmental change in shaping Wabanakis' changing cultural practices. Students are strongly encouraged to link their final research project to contemporary Wabanaki efforts to recover their past. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 25. (United States.) J. Hall. Concentrations.
INDS s36. Making African American History: Preserving the Archives of the Portland NAACP.The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is the nation's oldest and largest civil rights organization, and it has had an active branch in Portland, Maine, since 1920. However, that branch's role in African American history is relatively unknown because there is no publicly available record of its activities. In this course, students uncover and preserve this important piece of local African American history. They begin with a historical overview of the NAACP and of African Americans in Maine coupled with training in the fundamentals of archival processing. Students then arrange and describe NAACP papers newly housed at the Sampson Center for Diversity in Maine, and consider how this collection adds to the public record. Transportation and supplies are provided. Cross-listed in African American studies, American cultural studies, English, and history. Recommended background: AAS 100, AA/HI 253, or HIST s40. Enrollment limited to 10. (United States.) M. Godfrey. Concentrations.
HIST s40. Introduction to Historical Methods.This course provides an intensive introduction to research skills, historical literature, and the principles and methods of historical critical analysis (historiography). The course is team-taught to acquaint students with a variety of historical assumptions and methodologies ranging from the perception of history as fiction to the belief that history is the accumulation of objective data about an ascertainable past. This course provides important preparation for the senior thesis. Recommended background: a college-level course in history. This course is intended for history majors and is a departmental requirement. Open to first-year students. Instructor permission is required. Normally offered every year. Staff. Concentrations.
HIST s41. Introduction to Archives and Archival Science.This course explores the history and significance of archives and archival records in our society, specifically how they shape the writing and remembering of history. The course includes an overview of record-making and -keeping practices from antiquity to the present and introduces students to the fundamental aspects of the archival profession, such as appraisal, acquisitions, arrangement, description, preservation, reference, and access. Class discussions of archival theory are paired with a practicum allowing students the opportunity to accession, arrange, describe, and publish online the holdings of a local historical association. Field trips to one or more archival repositories are scheduled. Recommended background: HIST s40. Enrollment limited to 10. Staff. Concentrations.
HIST s50. Independent Study.Students, in consultation with a faculty advisor, individually design and plan a course of study or research not offered in the curriculum. Course work includes a reflective component, evaluation, and completion of an agreed-upon product. Sponsorship by a faculty member in the program/department, a course prospectus, and permission of the chair are required. Students may register for no more than one independent study during a Short Term. Normally offered every year. Staff. Concentrations.