Current Research and Recent Student Thesis Projects

Current Research:

Svalbard, Norwegian high arctic

Downloading data from weather station in Lilnnedalen, west Spitsbergen, Svalbard, Norwegian arctic, April 2012.


From 2003 to present, I’ve participated in the Svalbard REU: Holocene and modern climate change in the Norwegian High Arctic sponsored by the U.S. National Science Foundation Office of Polar Programs. Each year, my colleagues Al Werner (Mt. Holyoke College) and Steve Roof (Hampshire College) and I recruit 6 motivated and talented undergraduate students for the 5 week summer research program which focuses on monitoring modern glacial, fluvial and lacustrine processes and investigation of detailed lacustrine paleoclimate records. The glaciated high arctic study site in west Spitsbergen is located at 78o at the northern end of the North Atlantic current, a sensitive area for detecting and monitoring changes in the cryosphere, the frozen part of the planet. The Linnedalen study site is well equipped with instrumentation from the top of the glacier to the bottom of the lake and includes weather stations, glacier stake network, time lapse cameras and arrays of instrumentation in the lake, all designed to detect timing and nature and changes in seasonal cryospheric processes.

 Sclerochronology: Clams and Climate Change, Finnmark, Coastal Northern Norway

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Arctic islandica shells on a Finnmark Beach

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Surveying raised beaches on Ingoya, northern Finnmark, summer 2014.

This is a new collaborative project, funded in 2014 by the National Science Foundation in cooperation with colleagues from Iowa State University, Norway and the Netherlands. One of the main goals of this study is to reconstruct late Holocene marine climate from northern coastal Norway using environmental information archived in long-lived clams. Arctic islandica , a common North Atlantic bivalve, can live up to 300 years or more and has well-defined annual growth increments – and we are attempting to reconstruct maritime climate from Medieval Time through the Little Ice Age to recent period of warming of the 20th Century by studying patterns of interannual growth and using stable isotope analysis of the annual layers. The study area along the north Norwegian coast is in a sensitive area for changing marine climate as it is bathed by the northern extent of the north Atlantic current (aka the Gulf Stream and changes in heat transport by the current may be responsible for major climatic shifts in the late Holocene. As a geologist on the interdisciplinary research team, my role is to investigate raised beaches, above current sea level. isolated from the sea by postglacial uplift of the land. The raised beaches contain clams up to 6,000 years old and will allow us to investigate marine climate beyond the last millennium.

Shetland Islands, U.K.

Sediment core recovery in the Loch of Broo, South Mainland, Shetland, U.K

My research in the Shetland Islands is part of an interdisciplinary geo-archaeology project that is investigating the occupation and abandonment of a 17th century farmstead. The site was likely abandoned in the late 17th Century, overtaken by thick windblown coastal sand deposits during one of the most stormy decades of the Little Ice Age. My students and I are working on reconstructing a continuous paleoclimate/paleoenvironmental record from lake (loch) sediment records recovered by coring lochs in the vicinity of the Broo township. My students and I are conducting detailed studies of the physical, biological and geochemical contents of the sediment cores to determine the nature and timing of climatically and environmentally significant events in the last millennium.

 

 

 

Maine lakes

Sediment core recovered from Round Pond, Chain of Ponds Township, October 2012 with Colin Dowey, Bates 2013.

Bates is located just south of “the lakes region” in south central Maine.  We have undertaken projects with students in courses and thesis research on many lakes ranging from coastal “isolation basin” lakes that were formerly depressed below sea level to density stratified lakes that contain laminated sediments that archive high resolution sediment records. Two current projects underway are on Basin Pond in Fayette and Round Pond,  Chain of Ponds Township.

These ponds are unique–preserving detailed paleoenvironmental  records with annual resolution in finely layered deposits, similar to tree rings.

 

 

Maine coastal monitoring

Geology faculty and students have long utilized the Bates Morse Mountain Conservation area

Surveying the summer beach profile at Small Point, Phippsburg Maine. Molly Newton, Bates 2011.

for geological research on the undeveloped barrier beach system.  In 2009 we began a more intensive monitoring program on beaches in the Phippsburg area, in partnership with the Small Point community and Popham Beach State Park. The focus of the beach research is to monitor and evaluate the response of the sandy beach systems to changes brought about by storms, seasonal wave climate and rising sea level. Beach profiles and dune fronts are monitored using high resolution GPS, total station and traditional auto-level surveys in addition to time lapse photography from cameras installed at two of the beaches.

We have developed a Coastal Environmental Archive in collaboration with the community at Small Point. This archive will continue as an ongoing project designed to document change in the Maine coastline. Highlights of the archive include a collection of relevant undergraduate senior theses, satellite and air photographs, and a collection of historical photographs donated by the Small Point residents. Please visit the archive by following this link: https://sites.google.com/a/bates.edu/sea-wall-project/

 

 

Undergraduate Thesis Projects

(2012-2013)

Colin Dowey Paleoenvironmental and paleoclimate reconstruction from laminated  Holocene sediments, Linnevatnet, Svalbard, Norwegian High arctic”

Lauren Farnsworth “Periglacial processes and landscape in a high arctic karst setting, Vasrdeborgesletta, Kapp Linné, Svalbard ”

Amanda Wescott – Beach response to storms and seasonal changes, Small Point and Phippsburg, Maine”

2012 

Jen Lindelof Using sedimentary and geochemical proxies for Little Ice Age Climate Change reconstructions, South Mainland Shetland

2011

Gregory DeWet Analysis of sediment trap yields in glacial fed Linnévatnet: Calibrating watershed and lacustrine processes for paleoclimate analysis                                                

Wesley Farnsworth Slope Processes of Linnédalen, Spitsbergen: Sedimentation through avalanching                                                                                                                                                        

Molly Newton Dynamics at barrier and pocket beaches at Small Point, Popham and Seawall Beaches, Phippsburg, Maine

2010 

Kurt  Schuler: Monitoring sediment transport and inlet migration at the Seawall Beach Complex, Phippsburg, Maine

Adam Nielson: The effects of road salt application on Lily Pond, White Mountain National Forest, New Hampshire

Laura Poppick: Modern depositional processes proximal to a polythermal tidewater glacier complex, Kronebreen-Kongsvegen, Kongsfjorden: Svalbard, Norway

Daniel Roop: The affects of road salt on two small New Hampshire Lakes

 2009

Megan Arnold: Sedimentation in a High-Arctic lake, Linnévatnet, Svalbard: A modern process study using sediment traps

Emily Chandler: Seasonal processes affecting the Seawall barrier system and the evolution of the southwestern barrier spit and Sprague River inlet, Phippsburg, Maine

Christopher Hertz : Seasonal hydrological and limnological processes, Lily Pond, White Mountain National Forest, New Hampshire

Alex Hernandez (ES-Geo) Comprehensive stream survey and investigation of summer survival of stocked brook trout, Salvelinus fontinalis, Stetson Brook, Lewiston, Maine

Dana Oster : Mapping short term barrier beach processes at Seawall Beach, Phippsburg, Maine to model transgressive shorelines in 2100 from sea level rise

2008

Peter Dennehy: A limnological and hydrological assessment of three White Mountain, NH lakes

2007

Benjamin Lepesqueur: Limnological assessment of anthropogenic inputs into the watershed and water column of Lily Pond, Livermore, NH

Bennet Leon: Recent sedimentation in Linnévatnet, a High Arctic proglacial lake: Svalbard, Norway

Stephen A. Monsulick: Influences on water column structure and water quality evaluations of Meetinghouse Pond and Sprague Pond, Phippsburg, Maine

2006

Jonathan Duchette: Deglaciation and Late Wisconsinan history of Martin Stream Valley, Androsdcoggin County, Turner, Maine

Sarah Mazur : Sedimentological records of storms and climate in the Quendale Region of the Shetland Islands, Scotland

Brooks Motley: Sedimentation in Linnévatnet, Svalbard, during 2004-2005: A modern process study using sediment traps

Lauren Perreault: Mineralogical analysis of primary and secondary source sediments to Linnévatnet, Spitsbergen, Svalbard

2005

Christopher L. Cary: Modeling of sedimentation trends on Seawall Beach in Phippsburg, Maine, and their variations over daily, weekly and seasonal timeframes

Daniel Frost: Paleoclimate reconstruction using physical sedimentology and organic matter biogeochemistry of varved sediments, Basin Pond, Fayette, Maine

2004

Anna Felton: Organic carbon deposition in laminated sediments from coastal lacustrine and marine environments, Eastern Canada Arctic

Peter W. Klausmeyer: Fall and winter erosion and accretion at Seawall Beach, Phippsburg, Maine

Aaron Putnam: Recent sedimentation of a transect of High Arctic isolation basins: Southern Queen Elizabeth Islands Archipelago, Nunavut, Canada

2003

Elizabeth Cohen: Weather-induced erosion and accretion at Seawall Beach, Phippsburg, Maine

Amelia Rachel Haas: Paleoenvironmental reconstruction using laminated sediments from a High Arctic isolation basin: Depot Point Lake, Cornwallis Island, Nunavut, Canada

2002

Polly Carter: Late Holocene paleoenvironmental reconstruction from laminated sediments, Danielle Point Lake, Bathurst Island, Nunavit, Canada

Casey Saenger: Holocene basin evolution and paleoclimate reconstruction from laminated sediments, Cape Hurd Lake, Devon Island, Nunavit, Canada

2001

Mary-Katherine Fasy: Paleoenvironmental reconstruction from laminated sediments, Cape Hurd Lake, central Canadian Arctic Archipelago, Nunavut, Canada

2000

Jeffrey Hershberger (Geology): A paleomagnetic record of a High Arctic isolated marine inlet: Cape Hurd Lake, Devon Island, Nunavut, Canada

Megan Jones: Mechanisms of change for a coastal Maine barrier beach profile

Sarah Roberts: The evolution of a coastal meromictic basin from a marine inlet, Cape Hurd Lake, Devon Island, Nunavut, Canada