Spanish

Professors Fra-Molinero and López; Associate Professor Aburto Guzmán (chair); Assistant Professor Pettway; Visiting Instructor Domínguez-Navarro; Lecturer George



Spanish is the most widely spoken language in the Americas, without even including ten percent of the United States population. It is also spoken in Spain, Equatorial Guinea, Israel, and the Philippines. The established cultural, political, and economic ties among all nations of the American continents underscore the importance of this discipline. The major in Spanish develops not only students' language skills, it exercises critical thinking around subjects related to the culture, literatures, art, and history of the Spanish-speaking peoples of all continents. Reading, discussing, and writing in Spanish are the principal activities of the major. Spanish majors are strongly encouraged to spend a year or a semester living and studying in a Spanish-speaking country. Students interested in graduate studies in Spanish or Latin American studies, or in business, medicine, law, or international relations, are encouraged to develop advanced proficiency in Spanish.

Major Requirements

Spanish majors acquire a broad knowledge of the different literatures and cultural histories of the Spanish-speaking peoples. In consultation with the faculty in Spanish, the student elects courses in a variety of areas. The requirements for the major consist of ten courses beyond SPAN 202. They must include:

1) At least three 200-level courses beyond SPAN 202.

2) One course taken outside of the Spanish program preapproved by the faculty in Spanish. This course may be chosen from a number of options from literary theory to history or politics of Latin America (e.g., ANTH 234, ENG 295, HIST 181, PLTC 249) or a research methods course in areas such as women and gender studies, African American studies, or American cultural studies. Study-abroad courses may be used to fulfill this requirement.

3) At least two seminars on the literatures or cultural histories of Spain or Latin America (400-level) taught by Bates faculty, usually taken during the senior year.

In addition, majors must complete a senior thesis (SPAN 457 or 458) written in Spanish. This may be a literary or cultural analysis of any topic related to the Hispanic world. Honors candidates register for SPAN 457 and 458.

Students interested in proposing an independent interdisciplinary studies major with a focus on Latin American studies should contact the chair of Spanish.

Minor in Spanish

A minor requires a minimum of seven courses in Spanish (or six courses and a designated Short Term course). At least one of the seven courses must be beyond 208. Advanced Placement courses may not be applied toward the minor.

Study Abroad

Spanish majors are encouraged to gain proficiency in the language through the experience of studying in a Spanish-speaking country. For the major a maximum of three credits is normally recognized for one semester and five for two semesters of study in a recognized program. For a minor the maximum number is two for one semester and three for two semesters. Students must obtain approval from a Spanish faculty member in order for their courses to count toward the major or minor; otherwise, credit is not guaranteed.

Pass/Fail Grading Option

The use of the pass/fail option is restricted to one course within the major and the minor. 400-level seminars cannot be taken pass/fail.

Courses
SPAN 103. Accelerated Elementary Spanish.
Designed for students with prior experience in Spanish or another Romance language and for highly self-motivated students who wish to begin Spanish, the course reviews essential constructions and vocabulary. The course emphasizes oral proficiency and the development of reading and writing skills while fostering a cross-cultural understanding of the Spanish-speaking world with authentic texts and media. Not open to juniors or seniors. Not open to students who have received credit for SPAN 101 or 102. Enrollment limited to 22. Normally offered every year. Staff.
SPAN 201. Intermediate Spanish I.
Designed to increase students' vocabulary and to improve mastery of language skills: speaking, listening, reading, and writing. The course provides a thorough review of grammar as well as an emphasis on conversational proficiency, expository writing, and Hispanic culture. Prerequisite(s): SPAN 103. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 22 per section. Normally offered every year. Staff.
SPAN 202. Intermediate Spanish II.
Intensive practice in reading, composition, and conversation, as well as attention to selected grammar problems. The course focuses on discussion through visual presentations and selections of Hispanic literature, art, and culture. Prerequisite(s): SPAN 201. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 22 per section. Normally offered every year. Staff.
SPAN 207. Advanced Spanish: Culture and Language.
This course develops oral fluency and aural acuity as well as reading and writing skills by means of directed and spontaneous classroom activities and regular written assignments. Conversations and compositions are based primarily on readings and films. Prerequisite(s): SPAN 202. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 20 per section. Normally offered every year. Staff.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

SPAN 208. Advanced Spanish: Texts and Contexts.
This course is a continuation of SPAN 207 with particular emphasis upon analyzing a variety of texts and developing more sophistication in writing. Conversations and compositions are based on both literary and cultural readings. Prerequisite(s): SPAN 202. Recommended background: SPAN 207. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 20 per section. Normally offered every year. Staff.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

SPAN 215. Readings in Spanish American Literature.
A survey of representative Spanish American literary texts. Major emphasis is on reading and discussing texts that relate to specific problems of literary form (such as poetry, theater, and novel), literary movements, and literary periodization. The topics are also discussed in their sociocultural contexts. Prerequisite(s): SPAN 207 or 208. Open to first-year students. [W2] Normally offered every year. Staff.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

SPAN 216. Readings in Peninsular Spanish Literature.
A survey of representative peninsular Spanish texts. Major emphasis is on reading and discussing texts that relate to specific problems of literary form (such as poetry, theater, and novel), literary movements, and literary periodization. The topics are also discussed in their sociocultural contexts. Prerequisite(s): SPAN 207 or 208. Open to first-year students. [W2] Normally offered every year.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

SPAN 216A. España en Blanco y Negro.
Spanish literature has developed complex representations of people of African descent since the Renaissance. Religious difference generated the new category of race. Cervantes, Quevedo, María de Zayas, or Lope de Vega created the first credible black characters in European literature at the time. Blacks reappeared in Spanish literature at the end of the twentieth century. Gender, class, sexuality, immigration, interracial love, and racial discrimination are the main topics of discussion in fiction, poetry, film, and television in productions where black writers and artists have a voice of their own. Prerequisite(s): SPAN 207 or 208. Open to first-year students. Enrollment limited to 30. [W2] Normally offered every year. B. Fra-Molinero.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

SPAN 217. Literature and Screen.
This course examines the complex relationship between literature and screen media in terms of: 1) the representative possibilities and limits each offer for the exploration and projection of relevant social, political, and cultural issues; and 2) the processes of adaptation through study of the different theoretical and aesthetic approaches creators use to adapt works from one mode to the other. Through the analysis of literary and audiovisual productions from Latin America, Spain, and the United States, students engage the theoretical, technical, and practical debates among institutions, producers, and consumers that emerge in the process of transposing discourse across media forms. Prerequisite(s): SPAN 208. C. Aburto Guzmán, D. George.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

SPAN 250. The Latin American Short Story.
This course examines the short story genre as practiced by Spanish speakers of Latin American origin. It considers the different trajectories and currents in the development of the genre. It pays special attention to questions of gender, national identity, trauma, and immigration. Prerequisite(s): SPAN 208. Open to first-year students. [W2] Normally offered every year. C. Aburto Guzmán.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

SPAN 251. Spanish Short Story.
The first manifestations of the short story as a genre in Spanish date back to the Middle Ages. In this course, students consider the evolution of the genre, from the cultural hybridity that shaped the earliest short stories to contemporary approaches to the literary form. Prerequisite(s): SPAN 207 or 208. Recommended background: SPAN 216. [W2] F. López.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

SPAN 301. Introduction to Translation.
An introduction to the basic principles of translation: theories, methods, and techniques. With an emphasis on practical issues related to both language and culture, students focus on linguistic structure, text analysis, idiomatic expressions, and cultural specificities. Students improve their knowledge of the Spanish language and develop their translation skills through extensive practice both in the classroom and beyond. Prerequisite(s): SPAN 208 or one 200-level Spanish literature course. Enrollment limited to 15. F. López.
INDS 321. Afroambiente: Writing a Black Environment.
This course studies the response of black writers and intellectuals of the Spanish-speaking world to issues related to the natural environment. In three countries, Ecuador, Puerto Rico, and Equatorial Guinea, modernity has brought serious challenges to notions of economic progress, human rights, and national sovereignty, as well as individual and communal identity. Course materials include written texts from local newspapers and magazines, as well as other sources of information such as Internet sites that discuss issues related to the environment and the arts. Prerequisite(s): one 200-level Spanish literature course. Cross-listed in African American studies, environmental studies, and Spanish. Not open to students who have received credit for INDS 320. B. Fra-Molinero.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

SP/WS 323. Gendered Experiences in the Américas Borderlands.
This course examines the tensions relating to geographical locations and historical relationships of power. It reviews gendered experiences of transnational border crossers throughout the Américas. Students become acquainted with testimonies, film, photography, and fictional narrative as well as government reports on human trafficking and slave labor. Readings are in Spanish and English. All discussions and written assignments are in Spanish. Prerequisite(s): one 200-level Spanish literature course. Not open to students who have received credit for SPAN 223 or 323. C. Aburto Guzmán.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

SPAN 330. Spanish-Speaking Caribbean Literature.
This course examines the twentieth-century novel and short story of Spanish Caribbean nations Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic, and Cuba. Students explore the sociocultural place of Catholicism, African descendant spirituality, and race to determine the ways Caribbean nations consecrate certain forms of religious practice while denigrating others. Race is considered in terms of the allocation of visible as well as less perceptible socioeconomic benefits. Critical writing, literary analysis, and the contextualization of the text are skills developed in this course. Conducted in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN 215, 216, 217, 250 or 251. M. Pettway.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

SPAN 335. Translation, Gender, and Place.
This course examines gender and place in the translation of creative writing from two convergent angles: the writer and the translator. It considers the parameters of translation processes, specifically the relationships of power existing between genders and place, and how these are influenced by consumer demands. The course contains a practicum component in which students translate into English from Spanish and into Spanish from English. Readings are in Spanish and English. Discussion and written work is in Spanish. Prerequisite(s): two 200-level Spanish courses beyond SPAN 208. Enrollment limited to 20. Instructor permission is required. C. Aburto Guzmán.
SP/TH 341. Spanish Theater of the Golden Age.
This course focuses on the study of Spanish classical drama of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Reading and critical analysis of selected dramatic works by Lope de Vega, Tirso de Molina, Calderón de la Barca, Miguel de Cervantes, Ana Caro, María de Zayas, and Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz among others offer an insight into the totality of the dramatic spectacle of Spanish society during its imperial century. Conducted in Spanish. Prerequisite(s): one 200-level Spanish literature course. Not open to students who have received credit for SP/TH 241 or SPAN 241. Enrollment limited to 20. B. Fra-Molinero.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

SPAN 345. Twentieth-Century Spanish Drama.
In this course, students address the study of drama from a cultural studies perspective, paying attention to the representation of social, political, and cultural matters in twentieth- and twenty-first-century Spain. The course focuses on how playwrights use different dramatic trends to address such themes as censorship, exile, gender, memory, and migration. The authors discussed are representative and inclusive, ranging from Lorca and Buero Vallejo to Paloma Pedrero and Itziar Pascual. Prerequisite(s): one 200-level Spanish literature course. Not open to students who have received credit for SPAN 445. F. López.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

SPAN 348. Culturas de protesta.
At different times and in different countries, many Hispanic writers, filmmakers, and other artists have felt compelled to create works that confront various types of social injustice. These range from the effects of imperialism to political repression, and often address issues of race, sexuality, gender, and class. In this course students analyze such "texts" within their respective social, political, and historical contexts. Prerequisite(s): one 200-level Spanish literature course. Enrollment limited to 25. F. López.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

SPAN 360. Independent Study.
Students, in consultation with a faculty advisor, individually design and plan a course of study or research not offered in the curriculum. Course work includes a reflective component, evaluation, and completion of an agreed-upon product. Sponsorship by a faculty member in the program/department, a course prospectus, and permission of the chair are required. Students may register for no more than one independent study per semester. Normally offered every semester. Staff.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

SPAN 362. Culture in Franco Spain.
Through the analysis of literary texts and popular culture, this course focuses on the impact of ideology on cultural production in Spain from the 1930s to the 1970s. Students pay particular attention to representations of the nation in terms of time (history) and space (national isolation/international connections), and examine how censorship and dissent shaped the form and content of cultural products in Franco's Spain. Prerequisite(s): one 200-level Spanish literature course. F. López.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

SPAN 366. Fantastic Hispanic Cinema.
This course explores the genres of horror and fantasy in recent Spanish-language films by directors from Mexico, Chile, Argentina, Spain, and the United States. It considers how these works represent the supernatural, the diabolical, evil violence, fear, paranoia, and magic; create, perpetuate, and subvert categories of gender, class, race, and sexuality; and adapt and participate in key literary and cinematic genres such as the Gothic, parody, adventure, family drama, magical realism, and science fiction. Prerequisite(s): one 200-level Spanish literature course. Not open to students who have received credit for SPAN 266. Enrollment limited to 20. D. George.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

SPAN 440. Postcolonial Thought in Latin America.
This course examines Latin American postcolonial discourses in dialogue with transnational postcolonial thought. The course considers critical readings of more recent work by Spanish American authors, poets, and filmmakers. Theoretical work may be in English. The class is conducted in Spanish and all student work is in Spanish. Prerequisite(s): two 200-level Spanish literature courses. Enrollment limited to 20. C. Aburto Guzmán.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

SPAN 441. Cervantes.
A careful reading and a comprehensive formal and thematic study of Don Quijote de la Mancha. This course examines in particular the representation of the Muslim Other in this work. The effects of Don Quijote on the development of the novel as a genre are seen in relation to giving voice to women and cultural, social, and political minorities. Prerequisite(s): one 200-level Spanish literature course. B. Fra-Molinero.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

SPAN 442. Hybrid Cultures: Latin American Intersections.
Latin America is a space of intersections where cultures meet and/or crash. Concepts and experiences used to define, locate, and represent these cultures to each other are continuously modified at the crossings. This course aims to take literary products (novels, essays, short stories, and films) as a cross-section of this phenomenon. Each text identifies multiple oppositions that converge violently, merely scar the individual, or craft a new prism by which we can read the dynamics taking place in these intersections. Prerequisite(s): one 200-level Spanish literature course. Enrollment limited to 20. C. Aburto Guzmán.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

SPAN 444. Gendering Social Awareness in Contemporary Spain.
In this course, students use gender as the main category of analysis, paying particular attention to its interconnectedness with power. Carefully examining texts written by women in contemporary Spain, students explore the deliberate use of gender as a lens through which to understand different forms of domination—economic, political, and social. Prerequisite(s): one 200-level Spanish literature course. Instructor permission is required. F. López.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

SPAN 447. Building Memory: Narratives of the Spanish Civil War.
The Spanish Civil War is both an important historical landmark and the main theme of myriad literary and film narratives produced since the establishment of democracy in Spain. In this seminar, students consider the increasing popularity of fictional representations of this armed conflict, its political antecedent (Segunda República), and its consequence (el régimen de Francisco Franco). What is the role of these narratives? What do they say about the roots of Spanish democratic traditions? How do they negotiate conflict? What type of Spain do they propose? Prerequisite(s): one 200-level Spanish literature course. Enrollment limited to 15. F. López.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

SPAN 449. Identity Discourses in Contemporary Latin America.
This course examines Latin American intellectuals' responses to contemporary issues that directly affect regional identities. Readings include essays and fictional narratives that address (but are not limited to) topics such as modernity versus postmodernity in Latin America, neoliberalism and "pink" left ideologies, mega- and edge-city tensions, transculturation, and migration. Prerequisite(s): HIST 181, PLTC 249, or one 200-level Spanish literature course. C. Aburto Guzmán.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

AA/SP 450. Representing Blacks in Cuban Literature: From the Colony to the Revolution.
This course examines innovations and shifts in the representation of African descendants in Cuban literature. Students read narrative pieces, essays, letters, and poetry written by and about blacks that span the early colonial period to Revolutionary Cuba. Adapting an in-depth multidisciplinary approach, black as object is critically analyzed in opposition to literary and historical texts that construct black as subject. Race, religion, slavery, and gender as well as the formation of Afro-Cuban subjectivities are the primary topics of study, revealing the black struggle against multiple structures of domination as well as the resilience to negotiate with power. Prerequisite(s): SPAN 215, 216, 217, 250, or 251. M. Pettway.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

SPAN 454. Revolución en el cine.
The late 1960s is recognized as a period of diverse and ill-fated revolutions and revolutionaries. From the 1967 assassination of Che Guevara to the 1968 invasion of Prague onward, film has been used to represent heroes, martyrs, and the circumstances surrounding these events. More recently, a variety of cinematographers has produced films as acts of dissidence, presenting a counter-discourse to the hegemonic collage of prevailing capitalistic values. In this course students examine film as a tool of revolutionary negotiation. They analyze the transformation and regional adaptations of representations of dissidence since the 1960s, and they look at early revolutionary creativity within the genre as well as the social functions adopted by Third Cinema. Prerequisite(s): one 200-level Spanish literature course. D. George, C. Aburto Guzmán.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

SPAN 457. Senior Thesis.
Research leading to writing of the senior thesis. Students participate in a limited number of group meetings, plus individual conferences. Students register for SPAN 457 in the fall semester and for SPAN 458 in the winter semester. Majors writing an honors thesis register for both SPAN 457 and 458. A detailed outline and bibliography must be approved by the department. [W3] Normally offered every year. Staff.
SPAN 457, 458. Senior Thesis.
Research leading to writing of the senior thesis. Students participate in a limited number of group meetings, plus individual conferences. Students register for SPAN 457 in the fall semester and for SPAN 458 in the winter semester. Majors writing an honors thesis register for both SPAN 457 and 458. A detailed outline and bibliography must be approved by the department. [W3] Normally offered every year. Staff.
SPAN 458. Senior Thesis.
Research leading to writing of the senior thesis. Students participate in a limited number of group meetings, plus individual conferences. Students register for SPAN 457 in the fall semester and for SPAN 458 in the winter semester. Majors writing an honors thesis register for both SPAN 457 and 458. A detailed outline and bibliography must be approved by the department. [W3] Normally offered every year. Staff.
SPAN 490F. La diaspora afrohispanica.
The 500-year presence of descendants of Africans in the Spanish-speaking world has produced a significant body of literature by blacks and about blacks. Spanish America was the main destination of the African diaspora. Afro-Hispanic writers attest to the struggle for freedom and the abolition of slavery. Their literature shows how the participation of blacks in the wars of Latin American independence was a struggle for their emancipation. Afro-Hispanic writers in Spain, the Americas, and Africa use their art and ideas to address the postnational migrations of the twenty-first century, a diaspora that has not ceased. This course is conducted in Spanish but meets jointly, once a week, in English, with AAS 390F. Prerequisite(s): one 200-level Spanish literature course. B. Fra-Molinero.
Concentrations
Short Term Courses
SPAN s20. Envisioning Catalan Modernity.
Over 180 years, Catalan modernity has been envisioned and re-envisioned by novelists, architects, filmmakers, painters, politicians, and poets through a continuous process of rupture and reconciliation between past and present. The economic and cultural revolution set in motion by the mid-nineteenth-century Renaixença (Renaissance) transformed Catalonia from a rural society to an urban industrial powerhouse that continues to influence Spanish, European, and global cultures in the twenty-first century. In this course students travel to the Catalan capital, Barcelona, to explore the real places and imaginary spaces that reflect and contest Catalonia's unique vision of modernity. Recommended background: SPAN 207. Enrollment limited to 16. D. George.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

INDS s25. Introduction to Contemporary Cuban Culture.
In this introduction to Cuban culture students explore selected themes such as contemporary perceptions of race, the cultural politics of music, questions of sexual identity, and implications of the "Special Period" following collapse of the Soviet Union. During the second half of the course, students visit significant cultural sites, attend guest lectures, and experience everyday life in Cuba; they learn to process their experiences using basic ethnographic techniques. Cross-listed in African American studies, American cultural studies, anthropology, and Spanish. Enrollment limited to 20. C. Carnegie, M. Pettway.
SPAN s29. Cinema in Spain.
This course traces the evolution of Spanish cinema from the introduction of the cinematógrafo in 1896 to the Oscar-winning films of Trueba and Almódovar of the 1990s. The study of cinema as popular entertainment, political propaganda, and as a medium for intellectual experimentation and social and political contestation draws attention to the role those working in the film industry, or at its margins, have played in shaping Spanish culture and society in the twentieth century. Particular attention is given to film genre and narrative technique, and to such theoretical concepts as national cinema, studio systems, the auteur, and gender and sexuality. Recommended background: SPAN 202. D. George.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

SPAN s30. Escritura creativa: Cuento.
This course combines reading and intensive writing. Students read carefully selected short stories in order to gain an understanding of the genre and to apply what they learn to their own craft. The focus is on the fundamentals of short fiction writing: structure, plot, voice, point of view, description, and dialogue. Class meetings follow a workshop format, with writing exercises, class discussions, and in-depth critique of students' writing. Prerequisite(s): one 200-level Spanish literature course. Enrollment limited to 15. F. López.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

SPAN s34. The Practice of Translation in Three Specialty Areas.
The course gives the students the opportunity to practice translating documents pertinent to four specialty areas: medicine, law, business, and literature. Students translate documents daily and the translations are then revised as a group in class. Students develop new vocabulary, insight into the profession of translating, and familiarity with translation websites and document formatting. Prerequisite(s): SPAN 208 or an advanced Spanish course. C. Aburto Guzmán.
SPAN s50. Independent Study.
Students, in consultation with a faculty advisor, individually design and plan a course of study or research not offered in the curriculum. Course work includes a reflective component, evaluation, and completion of an agreed-upon product. Sponsorship by a faculty member in the program/department, a course prospectus, and permission of the chair are required. Students may register for no more than one independent study during a Short Term. Normally offered every year. Staff.