Chemistry and Biochemistry

Professors Lawson and Schlax; Associate Professors Côté (chair) and Koviach-Côté; Assistant Professors Kennedy, Laurita, and O'Loughlin; Visiting Assistant Professors Sommer and Tate



Chemistry deals with phenomena that affect nearly every aspect of our lives and environment. A liberal arts education in this scientific and technological age should include some exposure to the theories, laws, applications, and potential of this science.

The department offers majors in chemistry and biochemistry and a minor in chemistry. The chemistry curriculum is sufficiently flexible to allow students with career interests in areas such as the health professions, law, business, and education to design a suitable major program. Students interested in careers in chemistry or biochemistry will find chemistry electives that provide a background for work in graduate school, industry, or other positions requiring a strong foundation in chemistry. The department and its curriculum are approved by the American Chemical Society (ACS), and an ACS-certified major is offered. More information on the chemistry department and the majors is available on the website (bates.edu/chemistry-biochemistry).

Chemistry

Major Requirements

The chemistry major requirements include core courses, elective courses, and senior research and seminar. Some courses have math or physics prerequisites. Students who major in chemistry may use, at most, one of the following toward their General Education requirements: physics minor, General Education concentrations C006 (Applying Mathematical Methods) or C056 (Physics of the Large and Small). Students may not double major in chemistry and biochemistry. 200-level core courses should be completed by the end of the junior year.

Core Courses



All of the following:
CHEM 107A. Atomic and Molecular Structure/Lab.
CHEM 108A. Chemical Reactivity/Lab.
CHEM 212. Separation Science/Lab.
CHEM 215. Descriptive Inorganic Chemistry/Lab.
CHEM 217. Organic Chemistry I/Lab.
CHEM 218. Organic Chemistry II/Lab.
CHEM 301. Quantum Chemistry.

One of the following:
CHEM 302. Statistical Thermodynamics.
CHEM 310. Biophysical Chemistry.

One of the following:
CHEM s37. Advanced Chemical Measurement Laboratory/Lab.
CHEM s42. Chemical Synthesis and Reactivity/Lab.

Elective Courses

Chemistry majors take two chemistry courses numbered 200 or above (s37 or s42 may be taken if not used to fulfill the core major requirements). When satisfying the elective requirements, two restrictions apply. First, one course may not serve as both a core course and an elective. Second, independent study courses (360 or s50) cannot be used to satisfy elective requirements.

Elective course selections depend upon the goals and interests of the student. All students preparing for graduate study should choose advanced courses in their specific area of interest.

Senior Research and Seminar

The written thesis required of all chemistry majors may be either a laboratory thesis or a non-laboratory thesis. Students conducting a laboratory thesis may register for CHEM 457, 458, or both, while students undertaking a non-laboratory project may register for CHEM 457 or 458. Students pursuing honors must register for both 457 and 458. The senior research and seminar courses include participation in the department's seminar program. Each major is required to deliver one presentation per semester of thesis credit during the senior year and attend at least four seminars presented by visiting scholars in the chemistry department.

Chemistry Major ACS Accreditation

In order to earn an ACS-accredited chemistry major, students must take CHEM 321 (may count as an elective) and both CHEM 457 and 458.

Pass/Fail Grading Option

Pass/fail grading may not be elected for courses applied toward the major.

Chemistry Minor Requirements

Students may complete a minor in chemistry by taking seven chemistry courses, at least one of which must be at the 300-level, CHEM s37, CHEM s42. With the exception of EACS 240 (Environmental Geochemistry/Lab), and EASC 340 (Stable Isotope Geochemistry) which may count toward the chemistry minor, only departmentally designated cross-listed courses may be applied toward the minor. Neither EACS 240 or 340 may count as a 300-level chemistry course. This minor is not open to students who have declared a major in chemistry or biochemistry.

Pass/Fail Grading Option

Pass/fail grading may not be elected for courses applied toward the minor.

Biochemistry

Biochemistry encompasses the study of the form and function of the proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, and nucleic acids found in living organisms. Traditionally, biochemistry has been an interdisciplinary field, drawing on techniques and expertise from physics, medicine, biology, and chemistry. The required courses for the major give a student a solid foundation in basic science, while the array of elective courses allows wide latitude in pursuing an area of individual interest. The thesis provides a final integrating experience. More information on the biochemistry major is available on the website (bates.edu/chemistry-biochemistry).

Major Requirements

The biochemistry major requires thirteen or fourteen courses, from both the chemistry and biology departments, including a one- or two-semester thesis. Some courses have math and/or physics prerequisites. Students may not double major in biochemistry and biology, chemistry, or neuroscience.

Required Courses



One of the following:
BIO 190. Organismal Biology/Lab,
BIO 195. Lab-Based Biological Inquiry.

Either of the following:
BIO 202. Cellular Basic of Life and BIO 204. Biological Research: Molecules to Ecosystems.
Bio 242. Cellular and Molecular Biology.

One of the following:
BIO 328. Developmental Biology/Lab.
BIO 331. Molecular Biology/Lab.
BI/NS 305. Gene Editing in Biology and Neuroscience.

Both of the following:
CHEM 107A. Atomic and Molecular Structure/Lab.
CHEM 108A. Chemical Reactivity/Lab.

One of the following:
CHEM 302. Statistical Thermodynamics.
CHEM 310. Biophysical Chemistry.

All of the following:
CHEM 217. Organic Chemistry I/Lab.
CHEM 218. Organic Chemistry II//Lab.
CHEM 321. Biological Chemistry I/Lab.
CHEM 322. Biological Chemistry II/Lab.

Elective Courses

Students who take BIO 242 choose at least two, one of which must be a biology course and come from the list below. Students who take BIO 202 and BIO 204 choose one elective from the list below. It is strongly recommended that students considering graduate programs in biochemistry, biophysics, or related disciplines select a chemistry elective. One course may not serve as both an elective and core course. Students cannot count BIO 244 and NRSC 205 toward the major.

BIO 244. Biostatistics
NRSC 205. Statistical Methods.
BIO 305. Gene Editing in Biology and Neuroscience.
BI/NS 308. Neurobiology/Lab.
BIO 315. Microbiology/Lab.
Bio 326. Cancer Biology/Lab.
BIO 328. Developmental Biology/Lab.
BIO 331. Molecular Biology/Lab.
BI/ES 333. The Genetics of Conservation Biology/Lab.
BIO 337. Animal Physiology/Lab.
BIO 351. Immunology/Lab.
BIO 380. Plant Physiology/Lab.
BIO 477. Seminar and Research in Microbiology/Lab.
BIO s40. Experimental Developmental and Molecular Biology/Lab.
BIO s44. Experimental Neuro/Physiology/Lab.
Any 200- or 300 level chemistry course, including BI/CH 304, CH/NS 320,
CHEM s37, and CHEM s42.

Research and Seminar

The written thesis required of all biochemistry majors may be either a laboratory or non-laboratory thesis. Students conducting a laboratory thesis may register for BIOC 457, 458, or both, while students undertaking a non-laboratory project may register for either BIOC 457 or 458. Students pursuing honors must register for both BIOC 457 and 458. The senior thesis advisor may be a faculty member in either the chemistry or the biology department. Each biochemistry major is required to make one formal thesis research presentation for each semester of thesis completed, and each senior is also required to attend at least four seminars presented by visiting scholars in either the chemistry or biology department.

Pass/Fail Grading Option

Pass/fail grading may not be elected for courses applied toward the major.

Advanced Placement

Students receiving scores of four or five on the Chemistry AP examination, a grade of A or B on the A-level Chemistry examinations, or a grade of six or seven on the IB HL program examination may receive credit for CHEM 107A and/or 108A. These credits may be used toward a major or minor in chemistry or the major in biochemistry, and may be used as a prerequisite for any course that requires CHEM 107A or 108A. Their suitability as a prerequisite for a medical school is determined by the requirements of each individual medical school program.

B.S. Requirements

In addition to CHEM 107A and CHEM 108A, MATH 106 or MATH 206 and PHYS 108 or PHYS s31 are required.

General Education

Students may satisfy the [W2] requirement by completing CHEM 301.

Courses
CHEM 107A. Atomic and Molecular Structure/Lab.
Fundamental concepts underlying the structure and behavior of matter are developed. Major topics include states of matter, atomic structure, periodicity, and bonding. This course, or its equivalent, is a prerequisite for all advanced courses in chemistry and biological chemistry. Laboratory: three hours per week. Enrollment limited to 39 per section. Normally offered every year. [L] [Q] [QF] [S] [SR] Staff.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

CHEM 108A. Chemical Reactivity/Lab.
A continuation of CHEM 107A. Major topics include thermodynamics, kinetics, equilibrium, acid/base behavior, and electrochemistry. Laboratory: three hours per week. Prerequisite(s): CHEM 107A. Enrollment limited to 39 per section. Normally offered every year. [L] [Q] [QF] [S] [SR] Staff.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

CHEM 111. Science and Human Welfare: A Historical Perspective.
The interests of individuals, economic entities, and political sectors drive scientific exploration, and the resulting discoveries may or may not be equitably applied to improve the welfare of human populations as a whole. This course uses a case-study approach to examine the chemical principles behind examples of some of most significant applications of scientific problem solving that have occurred within the past 300 years. Each application is analyzed in terms of the forces that guided the discovery and the impact the discovery has had on the welfare of the affected social groups. Enrollment limited to 24. [S] T. Lawson.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

CHEM 125. Bioenergetics and Nutrition.
Living organisms require nutrients extracted from the environment to support the chemical reactions necessary for all life processes including development, growth, motion, and reproduction. Maintaining the chemical reactions that allow the web of life to continue to exist on Earth demands a continuous input of energy. This course examines the flow of energy from the sun into the biosphere through plants and into animals, with a focus on humans. Through a combination of research and oral presentations, problem solving, and group discussions, the chemistry behind this energy flow is explored, as are the ways in which energy is used by living organisms. The nutritional requirements required to support these energy transformations also are considered. Recommended background: high school chemistry. Not open to students who have received credit for CH/ES 108B or CHEM 108A. Enrollment limited to 29. [Q] [QF] [S] [SR] T. Lawson.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

CHEM 207. Environmental Chemistry.
Humanity is standing at the precipice of environmental catastrophe, facing a myriad of self-imposed threats including global climate change, unsustainable depletion of natural resources, and irrevocable loss of biodiversity. At the foundation of each of these threats are chemical reactions: the combustion of fossil fuels, the acidification of the oceans, the disruption of natural biochemical processes, etc. This course covers the natural and anthropogenic chemical processes of the Earth’s atmosphere, waterbodies, and soil, while addressing some of the most urgent environmental emergencies we face today as well as a number of successfully resolved environmental crises of the recent past. Prerequisite(s): CHEM 108A. Enrollment limited to 29. One-time offering. B. Tate.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

CHEM 212. Separation Science/Lab.
A study of some of the most universally used methods and techniques of chemical separation. Both theory and applications are covered. Topics include chemical equilibrium, liquid-liquid extraction, gas and liquid chromatography, and electrophoresis. Laboratory: three hours per week. Prerequisite(s): CHEM 108A. Enrollment limited to 19. Normally offered every year. [L] [Q] [S] M. Sommer.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

CHEM 215. Inorganic Chemistry/Lab.
A study of the wide-ranging aspects of inorganic chemistry. The use of periodic trends and fundamental principles of inorganic chemistry to systematize the descriptive chemistry of the elements is explored. Topics include reaction mechanisms in inorganic chemistry, ligand field theory, and solid state chemistry. Applications of inorganic chemistry to biochemistry, environmental chemistry, and geochemistry are also considered. Prerequisite(s): CHEM 108A. Enrollment limited to 29. Normally offered every year. [QF] [S] [SR] G. Laurita.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

CHEM 217. Organic Chemistry I/Lab.
An introduction to organic chemistry. Topics include bonding, structure, stereochemistry, and nomenclature; reactions of alkyl halides; and spectroscopic methods. Laboratory: three hours per week. Prerequisite(s): CHEM 108A. Enrollment limited to 49. Normally offered every year. [L] [S] [SR] A. Kennedy, J. Koviach-Côté.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

CHEM 218. Organic Chemistry II/Lab.
A continuation of CHEM 217. The reactions of alcohols, alkenes, alkynes, carbonyl compounds, aromatics, and radicals are studied from both a mechanistic and a synthetic point of view. Laboratory: three hours per week. Prerequisite(s): CHEM 217. Enrollment limited to 49. Normally offered every year. [L] [S] [SR] A. Kennedy, J. Koviach-Côté.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

CHEM 301. Quantum Chemistry.
Major topics include quantum mechanics, atomic and molecular structure, and spectroscopy. Prerequisite(s): CHEM 108A, MATH 106, and PHYS 107 or 109. Corequisite(s): MATH 205. Enrollment limited to 20. Normally offered every year. [Q] [QF] [S] [SR] M. Côté.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

CHEM 302. Statistical Thermodynamics.
Major topics include statistical mechanics and chemical thermodynamics. Prerequisite(s): CHEM 108A, MATH 106. Prerequisite(s) or corequisite(s): PHYS 107 or 109. Enrollment limited to 32. Normally offered every year. [Q] [QF] [S] [SR] M. Côté.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

CHEM 303. Modern Data Acquisition and Analysis.
Making measurements is a key element of chemistry and other physical sciences. Measurements made with commercial turn-key instruments typically employ operations whose details are obscured by slick user interfaces. To help students make fuller and more sophisticated use of such instruments, this course provides a hands-on introduction to the details of the hidden operations: simple analog electronics, digital data acquisition, and computer-based data analysis. Students create simple electronic circuits, use the LabVIEW programming language to program computers to generate and acquire electronic signals, and apply Matlab software to analyze and extract meaning from the measurements they make. Relatively simple experiments and devices relevant to the physical sciences provide opportunities to put the ideas and techniques discussed into practice. The course includes discussions of the necessary background and theory, but strongly emphasizes hands-on experience. Neither experience with computer programming (in LabVIEW, Matlab, or otherwise), nor knowledge of electronics, is assumed. Prerequisite(s): CHEM 108, PHYS 108, or PHYS 109. Recommended background: MATH 106. Enrollment limited to 19. One-time offering. M. Côté.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

BI/CH 304. Biochemistry of Virus Replication and Host Cell Defense Systems.
Viruses that infect eukaryotic cells have evolved a wide range of strategies to co-opt the biochemical machinery of host cells for the purpose of maximizing virus replication success. Eukaryotic cells have simultaneously evolved mechanisms to limit the extent to which viruses can establish successful infections. This course examines, in large part through the primary literature, the replication biochemistry used by representative examples of mammalian viruses and the cellular biochemical pathways designed to defend cells and organisms from viral takeover. Students are expected to apply what they learn by preparing a grant application narrative as a final project. Prerequisite(s): BIO 242, or BIO 195 and 202, and CHEM 218. Enrollment limited to 15. [S] T. Lawson.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

CHEM 308. Topics in Physical Chemistry.
This course explores topics in physical chemistry beyond those encountered in Quantum Chemistry. Topics are drawn from the following: theoretical aspects of spectroscopy, molecular structure and dynamics, and condensed matter. Computation for modeling and visualization is emphasized. Prerequisite(s): CHEM 301, MATH 205, or PHYS 308. Enrollment limited to 19. [Q] [QF] [S] [SR] M. Côté, M. Sommer.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

CHEM 310. Biophysical Chemistry.
An overview of physical chemical principles and techniques used in understanding the properties, interactions, and functions of biological molecules. Thermodynamic, kinetic, and statistical mechanical principles are applied to understanding macromolecular assembly processes (i.e., assembly of viruses or ribosomes) and macromolecular interactions involved in gene expression and regulation, DNA replication, and other biological processes. Techniques used in studying protein folding, RNA folding, and enzyme kinetics are presented. Prerequisite(s): CHEM 108A, PHYS 107, and MATH 106. This course is normally offered every year, alternating with CHEM 302. Enrollment limited to 32. [Q] [QF] [S] [SR] P. Schlax.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

CHEM 313. Spectroscopic Determination of Molecular Structure.
In this course the utilization of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and mass spectral data for structural analysis is developed. Particular attention is given to the interpretation of proton, carbon-13, and two-dimensional NMR spectra, and to the interpretation of fragmentation patterns in electron-impact mass spectrometry. Theoretical and instrumental aspects of modern NMR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry are covered. Prerequisite(s): CHEM 218. Enrollment limited to 19. [S] [SR] J. Koviach-Côté.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

CHEM 316. Advanced Topics in Inorganic Chemistry.
A study of selected advanced topics in inorganic chemistry. Topics may include bioinorganic chemistry, inorganic materials science, and inorganic reaction mechanisms. Critical reading of the current literature, and applications of inorganic research, are emphasized. Prerequisite(s): CHEM 215. Enrollment limited to 19. [S] G. Laurita. Enrollment limited to 19. [QF] [S] [SR] G. Laurita.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

CH/NS 320. Mechanisms of Memory.
This course engages students in ideas from the fields of neuroscience, chemistry, biology, and psychology to understand on a chemical level how memory is stored and recalled in the human brain. Using seminal experiments as a foundation, students differentiate between “learning” and “memory” and connect model systems from the molecule all the way to behavior. Multimodal assignments explore the broad scope of experimental design and the cutting-edge subtleties of what it means to store and access information in the brain. Prerequisite(s): BIO 242, or BIO 202 and 204; and CHEM 217. Enrollment limited to 39. [CP] [HS] [S] A. Kennedy.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

CHEM 321. Biological Chemistry I/Lab.
An introduction to biologically important molecules and macromolecular assemblies. Topics discussed include the structure and chemistry of proteins; the mechanisms and kinetics of enzyme-catalyzed reactions; and the structure, chemistry, and functions of carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids, and biological membranes. Laboratory: three hours per week. Prerequisite(s): CHEM 218. Recommended background: Bio 242, or BIO 202 and 204, and CHEM 217. Enrollment limited to 26. Normally offered every year. [L] [Q] [QF] [S] [SR] T. Lawson, C. O'Loughlin, P. Schlax.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

CHEM 322. Biological Chemistry II/Lab.
A survey of the major metabolic processes in living cells. Topics discussed include protein synthesis, DNA replication and gene expression, the global organization of metabolic pathways, carbohydrate and fatty acid metabolism, biological oxidation, reduction and energy production, and the metabolism of nitrogen-containing compounds. Special attention is given to the mechanisms by which metabolic processes are regulated. Laboratory: three hours per week. Prerequisite(s): CHEM 321. Enrollment limited to 36. Normally offered every year. [L] [Q] [QF] [S] [SR] T. Lawson, C. O'Loughlin.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

CHEM 323. Analytical Spectroscopy and Electrochemistry.
Spectroscopic and electrochemical methods employed in chemical analysis are discussed. Topics include ultraviolet, visible, infrared, and atomic spectroscopy; and potentiometric and voltametric methods of analysis. Prerequisite(s): CHEM 217. Not open to students who have received credit for CHEM 223. Enrollment limited to 29. [S] Staff.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

CHEM 325. Advanced Organic Chemistry.
A study of important organic reactions with emphasis on structure, stereochemistry, mechanism, and synthesis. Prerequisite(s): CHEM 218. Enrollment limited to 19. [S] [SR] A. Kennedy, J. Koviach-Côté.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

CHEM 337. Natural Products and Secondary Metabolites as Drugs.
Over a third of all FDA-approved drugs originated as natural products originally made by mammals, plants, and microbes. As sequencing technologies have improved our ability to peer into genomes, there is a renewed hope that this genomic revolution will drive an expansion of drug-like natural products. In this course, students explore the biochemical pathways for the production of secondary metabolites, relate their synthesis to primary metabolism, and explore the clinical trial process. They discuss natural product biochemistry, assay development, clinical trial planning, patient recruitment, and how natural products have shaped human history. Recommended background: BIO 242, BIO 202 and 204, or CHEM 321. Prerequisite(s): CHEM 218. Enrollment limited to 19. [SR] C. O'Loughlin.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

CHEM 360. Independent Study.
Students, in consultation with a faculty advisor, individually design and plan a course of study or research not offered in the curriculum. Course work includes a reflective component, evaluation, and completion of an agreed-upon product. Sponsorship by a faculty member in the program/department, a course prospectus, and permission of the chair are required. Students may register for no more than one independent study per semester. Normally offered every semester. Staff.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

BIOC 457. Senior Thesis.
A laboratory or library research study in an area of interest under the supervision of a member of the biology or chemistry department. Senior majors deliver presentations on their research. Students register for BIOC 457 in the fall semester and BIOC 458 in the winter semester. Majors writing an honors thesis register for both BIOC 457 and 458. [W3] Normally offered every year. Staff.
Interdisciplinary Programs

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

CHEM 457. Senior Research and Seminar.
A laboratory or library research study in an area of interest under the supervision of a member of the department. Each senior major delivers one presentation on the research for each thesis credit. Students register for CHEM 457 in the fall semester. Majors writing an honors thesis register for both CHEM 457 and 458. [W3] Normally offered every year. Staff.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

BIOC 458. Senior Thesis.
A laboratory or library research study in an area of interest under the supervision of a member of the biology or chemistry department. Senior majors will be asked to deliver presentations on their research. Students register for BIOC 457 in the fall semester and BIOC 458 in the winter semester. Majors writing an honors thesis register for both BIOC 457 and 458. [W3] Normally offered every year. Staff.
Interdisciplinary Programs

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

CHEM 458. Senior Research and Seminar.
A laboratory or library research study in an area of interest under the supervision of a member of the department. Each senior major delivers one presentation on the research for each thesis credit. Students register for CHEM 458 in the winter semester. Majors writing an honors thesis register for both CHEM457 and 458. [W3] Normally offered every year. Staff.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

Short Term Courses
BI/CH s24. Introduction to Scanning Microscopies.
Many of the recent advances in microscopy have been based on scanning a probe, which can be a light beam, electron beam, or mechanical tip, across a sample. This course provides hands-on experience with, and a discussion of the theory underlying, scanning microscopies. Students learn to use a scanning electron microscope and a confocal microscope and complete an individual project. Prerequisite(s): one of the following: CHEM 107A, 108A; PHYS 107, 108. Enrollment limited to 14. [SR] M. Côté.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

CHEM s37. Advanced Chemical Measurement Laboratory/Lab.
The use of spectroscopic methods to probe atomic and molecular structure, and to identify, characterize, and quantify chemical species is examined. Measurements of thermodynamic and kinetic parameters describing chemical reactions are performed. Theoretical and experimental aspects of several techniques including nuclear magnetic resonance, infrared spectroscopy, and UV-visible spectroscopy are covered. Prerequisite(s): CHEM 301, 302, or 310. Enrollment limited to 29. Instructor permission is required. [L] [Q] [QF] [S] [SR] P. Schlax, M. Côté.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

CHEM s42. Chemical Synthesis and Reactivity/Lab.
Multi-step synthesis, reactivity, and characterization of complex inorganic and organic molecules. Working independently, students carry out week-long experiments designed to introduce important techniques in modern organic and inorganic chemistry. Concepts covered include stereoselective reactions, air sensitive syntheses, and purification techniques. In addition, students gain hands-on experience with a wide variety of instrumentation used for compound characterization. Emphasis is placed on proper techniques in laboratory work, safety, waste handling, and communicating experimental approaches and results. Prerequisite(s): CHEM 218. Enrollment limited to 15. [CP] [L] [S] [SR] Staff.
ConcentrationsInterdisciplinary Programs

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations

This course counts toward the following Interdisciplinary Program(s)

CHEM s50. Independent Study.
Students, in consultation with a faculty advisor, individually design and plan a course of study or research not offered in the curriculum. Course work includes a reflective component, evaluation, and completion of an agreed-upon product. Sponsorship by a faculty member in the program/department, a course prospectus, and permission of the chair are required. Students may register for no more than one independent study during a Short Term. Normally offered every year. Staff.
Concentrations

This course is referenced by the following General Education Concentrations