Overview for Teachers

MS-LS3-2 Develop and use a model to describe why asexual reproduction results in offspring with identical genetic information and sexual reproduction results in offspring with genetic variation.

MS-LS4-4: Construct an explanation based on evidence (C-E-R) that describes how genetic variations of traits in a population increase some individuals’ probability of surviving and reproducing (adaptations-genetic/natural selection) in a specific environment (The Arctic).

LessonsTimeType of ActivityDo NowWhat we figure out 7E ModelHow we represent it
Supplementary Material:
My Trait
1 class periodHands-on Small Groups of 2-4Do Now: FrecklesBackground: Traits are observable characteristics that are passed down from parent to child. Traits explains why the human population is so diverse. An Inventory of My Traits (pdf)

Create a graph of your choice.
Lesson 1: Create a chimera1 class periodHands-on
What’s the Connection? Intro Art Lesson

Background: Throughout history, artists have depicted animals realistically and fantastically as composite creatures with special powers drawn from their features. These animals are symbolic because of the features the artist has chosen to incorporate.Art Lesson: Exquisite Corpse

How do you get ideas to see dragons in a new way?
Lesson 2: Heredity Lab
1-2 class periodsVirtual Activity Individual
Creativity Art Lesson
Do Now: Hair
Do Now: Eye Color
Background: Introduce students to how traits are traits passed from parents to offspring by introducing them to sexual reproduction through Punnett Squares.Heredity Lab
Heredity Lab Template with class data

Art Lesson:  Students create a collage to illustrate a dragon trait
Lesson 3: 
Asexual Reproduction
1 class periodHands-on Activity (with Video) Partner Work
Do Now: Pea Plants and Pea Plants (PS)Background: When organisms reproduce asexually, they produce clones with the same genetic material. There are notable differences between asexual and sexual reproduction which will be explored.Lab #1: Asexual Reproduction worksheet (pdf)

Sexual vs. Asexual reproduction whiteboard animation
Lesson 4: Dragon eggs found in the Arctic!
1-2 class periodsVideo on de-extinction
Survey that individual students fill out using Punnett squares
Research using the website: Dragon De-extinction 
Research video
Do Now: Asexual Reproduction

Do Now: Types of Reproduction
Engage: Introduce the Challenge/Big Question 
What type of dragon, based on genotypes, would be the “best fit” to survive in the Arctic?

Explore: Investigate dragon adaptations and phenotypes. Fill out “Original Dragon Survey” to record this data.
Dragon De-extinction Website

Original Dragon Survey (pdf) 

Student-created Punnett squares
Back by Isabella Kirkland
Add story based on the dragon

Lesson 5: 
Research and Modeling for your original dragon
2-3 class periodsResearch Art Lesson

Modeling Art Lesson

Do Now:  Incomplete Dominance
Explain: The original dragon each student will design will be based on genotypes and their corresponding phenotypes.

Research based on observation:  contour drawing using 3-D animal source

Students create a grid sampler to represent dragon design.

Incorporate a discussion of art along with the science lesson. Explain how when artists work, they first make a sketch to see what they are envisioning. (Use white board, emphasize the sketch)
Lesson 6: Mating your dragon

2 class periodsPartner activity Do Now: EpistasisElaborate: Extend student’s thinking by identifying one trait that will help their dragon offspring survive.
Student-created Punnett squares
Need the partner worksheet and an explanation in the lesson plan; also dragon offspring worksheet.
Lesson 7: Displaying the offspring
2-3 class periodsCommunication Art Lesson

Do Now: Colorblindness 

Do Now: Albinism & Epistatic
Evaluate: Evaluate the first and second representations of dragon offspring.Students create artwork that conveys their dragon’s offspring’s characteristics. Encourage students to create a sense of unity, also known as a principle of design, in their artwork by depicting the dragon in its natural environment.  
Lesson 8: Perseverance – Stop Motion Animation of Dragon in Action
3-4 class periods
Slide show and discussion on classroom catastrophic events
Perseverance Art Lesson

Evaluate/Extending: Students practice the transfer of learning. Knowledge is applied in a new context and is not limited to simple elaboration. 
Students create stop motion animation using human bodies or clay to illustrate a trait of their dragon offspring.
Go to: Notes for teachers on talking about and assessing artwork