1. Introduction
  2. Teach It 
  3. Dig Deeper


This segment is about how artists and writers create sketches, outlines, and webs to create a plan for their work. The Narrator walks the viewer through Marsden Hartley’s sketches leading up to a finished piece. Referring back to Wang Fen’s “On the Wall: Haiku 6” photograph, the Narrator discusses two ways to approach a written piece about the image.

Time: 45-50 minute period


  • Students will recognize how artists and writers plan their work.
  • Students will prepare two plans for a finished writing piece by creating an outline, web, and/or another graphic organizer.

Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts:

  • W.CCR.5 Develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach.
  • W.CCR.6 Use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing and to interact and collaborate with others.

Maine Learning Results Visual and Performing Arts Standards:

  • A2 Elements of Art and Principles of Design – Visual Arts
  • D1 Aesthetics and Criticism
  • E2 The Arts and Other Disciplines

Segment Vocabulary:

pietas, sketch
Word Wall

Teach It

Prior to viewing:

Tell students this segment will explain ways in which artists and writers plan their work.  Ask them to think about why planning is important as they watch the segment.

Pause the segment when Marsden Hartley’s finished painting appears on the screen alongside two sketches and after the Narrator says, “…you could say he’s trying our three different endings to the story…and then here is the final painting”. Ask students to look at the three images displayed on the screen and ask them to consider: How are the two sketches similar to the final painting? How are the two sketches different than the final painting? How did planning/sketching the pieces help Hartley reach the final version?

Ask students to think about how writers, too, plan their work. Ask them to think about approaches they have learned about or tried in the past; create a quick class list. Tell students that the remaining portion of the segment discusses a few different approaches that some writers use to plan their work.

Watch the remaining portion of the video segment.

Writing Through Art Activity:

Ask students to revisit the writing they have completed on the specific image and create two plans that could work to turn their writing into a finished piece. Students should create an outline, web, or some other graphic organizer to plan their final piece. Tell students to select one of the plans they developed and plug their writing into it.

Dig Deeper

Note: If students created a Venn Diagram to compare and contrast art and writing in the first segment, revisit the diagram and make any necessary additions or corrections based on this segment.

Link to teacher inspired lessons: