The Program in European Studies reinforces the college's mission to engage students in a journey of intellectual discovery and informed global citizenship. European studies is a multifaceted interdisciplinary program that broadens students' understanding of the region since 1789 and encourages them to question assumptions about Europe's role in the world in this era. Courses offered in European studies (EUS or EU) are taught in English.

The establishment of the European Union and the intricate processes of negotiating national identities are recent and contentious steps toward greater political, economic, and cultural collaboration. At the same time, national politics, cultures, histories, sports and entertainment, arts, economies, and languages continue to play a role in defining what Europe is today and what it will become in the future.

The contemporary complexities of European history, society, politics, and languages can only be fully understood by transcending disciplinary boundaries. Courses offered by a variety of departments and programs provide a rich resource for European studies and ensure an interdisciplinary approach to cultural texts and their sociopolitical contexts. More information on European studies may be found on the website (

Major Requirements. The major in European studies consists of ten courses plus a thesis. The courses are distributed as follows:

1) Foundation Courses.
EUS 200. European Conditions.
One course on the history of modern Europe (HIST 104. Europe, 1789 to the Present, or the equivalent)

2) Languages and Cultures. One of the following sequences:
Four courses in French, German, Russian, or Spanish
Two courses above the 100 level taught in two of the following languages: French, German, Russian, and Spanish.

3) Electives. Three elective courses from among the European studies course offerings (EUS or EU) or three courses from at least two different disciplines from the following list:
AVC 279. Abstract Expressionism.
AVC 281. Realism and Impressionism.
AVC 282. Modern European Art.
AVC 284. Revolutions and Romanticisms.
AVC s28. Desiring Italy.
BSAG 009. Mapping the City: The Urban Landscape as Text.
BSAG 010. Culture, Controversy, Cryptography, Calculus.
BSAR 002. St. Petersburg: Peter's Impossible City.
BSAR 015. Russian Cultures: The Microbial Perspective.
BSAS 003. Spain in the Twentieth Century: National Narratives Old and New.
ENG 121H. The Brontës.
ENG 220. Dickens Revised.
ENG 236. Charlotte Brönte and George Eliot.
ENG 238. Jane Austen: Then and Now.
ENG 243. Romantic Literature (1790-1840).
ENG 254. Modern British Literature since 1900.
ENG 264. Modern Irish Poetry.
ENG 395K. The Arctic Sublime.
ENG 395M. Colossuses: Joyce's Ulysses and Wallace's Infinite Jest.
ENG s27. Downton Abbey and the Politics of the Estate.
ES/RU 216. Natures in the Cultures of Russia.
FRE 251. Introduction to French Literature II.
FRE s24. Cooking up French Culture.
FRE s36. The Evolution of French Cinema.
FRE s39. Tintin et les Intellos.
FYS 297. Idea of Europe.
FYS 266. Fakers, Forgers, Looters, Thieves.
FYS 404. On the Road to Spain.
FYS 423. Humor and Laughter in Literature and Visual Media.
FYS 433. Reimagining Europe.
FYS 480. Communism.
GER 241. German Modernisms.
GER 244. Staged Marriages.
GER 251. The Age of Revolution: The German Enlightenment, Classicism and Romantic Rebellion, 1750-1830.
GER 252. Tracing the Autobiographical: Personal Narratives in Twentieth-Century German Literature.
GER 256. The Age of Materialism, 1830-1899.
GER 264. World War I in German Culture.
GER s26. The Split Screen: Reconstructing National Identities in West and East German Cinema.
HIST 217. Fortress Europe: Race, Migration, and Difference in European History.
HIST 254. Revolutionary Europe and Its Legacies, 1789–1989.
HIST 256. British Modernity, 1688 to the Present.
MUS 210. Classical Music in Western Culture.
MUS s26. Performance in Western Classical Music.
PHIL 273. Philosophy in the Nineteenth Century.
PLTC 232. The Politics of Post-Communism.
PLTC 248. The Arctic: Politics, Economics, Peoples.
PLTC 260. Nationalism and Nation Building.
PLTC 295. Reading Marx, Rethinking Marxisms.
SOC 395A. European Integration: Politics, Society, and Geography.
THEA 220. The Modern Stage: Ibsen to O'Neill.
THEA 222. The Modern Stage: Beckett to the Present.
THEA s33. Central European Theater and Film.

4) Senior Thesis Sequence.
a) one upper-level seminar from following courses at Bates:
ENG 395D. Victorian Crime Fiction.
EUS 300. Sport in Europe.
EU/SP 324. Memories of Civil War in European Film and Literature.
EU/SP 351. Iberian Modernisms: Modernity, Literature, and Crisis in Portugal and Spain.
EU/SP 366. Iberian Nightmares: Fantasy and Horror in Spanish and Portuguese Cinemas.
FRE 373. Close-up on the Enlightenment: Film, Text, Context.
FRE 374. Écrire la Révolution: French Literature in the Nineteenth Century.
FRE 375. The French Dis/Connection in Contemporary Literature.
FRE. 376. Writing Gender in French.
FRE 378. Voix francophones des Antilles.
GER 350. Margins and Migrations.
GER 356. Representing Austrian Fascism.
GER 357. Austrian Literature.
GER 358. Literature and Film of the German Democratic Republic.
INDS 301A. Sex and the Modern City: European Cultures at the Fin-de-Siècle.
HIST 301X. "Self-Evident Truths": A History of Human Rights and Humanitarianism.
PLTC 333. State Formation, State Development, State Collapse.
PLTC 344. Ethnicity and Conflict.
SOC 395A. European Integration: Politics, Society, and Geography.
SPAN 368. Realismo.
SP/GS 344. Gendering Social Awareness in Contemporary Spain.

b) EUS 457, 458. Senior Thesis.

Double Majors. Students who are double majors in European studies and French, German, Russian, or Spanish must complete at least seven distinct courses (plus the thesis) that count toward the European studies major.

Study Abroad. Study abroad in Europe is encouraged but not required to complete the major. Up to four courses from approved study-abroad programs may be counted toward the language or elective courses, with the approval of the program chair.

Pass/Fail Grading Option. Students may count either one 100- or 200-level elective or one 200-level language course taken pass/fail toward the major.

European Studies majors and minors may not use the Modern Europe GEC (C024) toward meeting General Education requirements.