Amy Bradfield Douglass



Douglass, Amy B.

Professor of Psychology

Psychology 207-786-6182Pettengill Hall, Room 372

Office hours

To schedule an appointment with Prof. Douglass, please use this appointment link.

Summary of Interests

  • Eyewitness testimony
  • Distortions in eyewitness confidence
  • Social influence in the context of legal decisions
  • Jury decision making


  • Ph.D. in Social Psychology, Iowa State University, 2001
  • Master of Science in Psychology, Iowa State University, 1998
  • Bachelor of Arts, with honors, Williams College, 1996

Research Interests

Professor Douglass is a social psychologist with interests in the interface of psychology and law, specifically eyewitness testimony. In her research, she examines how eyewitness memory can be profoundly distorted by subtle interactions with other witnesses and investigators.

Courses Taught

  • Psychology 218 Statistics
  • FYS 255 The Psychology of Influence
  • Psychology 307 Applied Social Psychology
  • PY/RL 312 (Psychology/Religious Studies) Psychology of Religion
  • Psychology 317 Psychology and Law


Smalarz, L. S., Douglass, A. B., & Chang, A. (in press). Eyewitness-Identification Decisions as Brady Material Disclosing Information about Prior Decisions Affects Evaluations of Eyewitnesses. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law.
Bates Access

Fessinger, M.B., Bornstein, B. H., Neuschatz, J. S., DeLoach, D., Hillgartner, M. A., , Wetmore, S. A., & Douglass, A. B. (in press). Informants v. Innocents: Informant Testimony and its Contribution to Wrongful Convictions. Capital University Law Review.

Selected Publications

* indicates Bates student

Wells, G. L., Kovera, M. B., Douglass, A. B., Brewer, N., Meissner, C. A., & Wixted, J. T. (2020). Policy and procedure recommendations for the collection and preservation of eyewitness identification evidence. Law and Human Behavior44(1), 3–36.

Brewer, N. & Douglass, A. B. (Eds., 2019). Psychological Science and the Law. New York: Guilford Press.


Steblay, N., Wells, G. L., & Douglass, A. B. (2014). The eyewitness post-identification feedback effect 15 years later: Theoretical and policy implications. Psychology, Public Policy, & Law, 20(1), 1-18. doi: 10.1037/law0000001
Abstract OnlyBates Access

Douglass, A. B., Ray, J. L., Hasel, L., & *Donnelly, K. (online first December, 2013). Does it matter how you deny it? The role of demeanor in evaluations of criminal suspects. Legal and Criminological Psychology. doi: 10.1111/lcrp.12042
Abstract Only, Bates Access

Douglass, A. B., Brewer, N., Semmler, C., *Bustamante, L., & *Hiley, A. (2013). The dynamic interaction between eyewitnesses and interviewers: The impact of differences in perspective on memory reports and interviewer behavior. Law and Human Behavior, 37(4), 290-301. doi: 10.1037/lhb0000034
Abstract Only, Bates Access

Douglass, A. B., & Jones, E. (2013). Confidence inflation in eyewitnesses: Seeing is not believing. Legal and Criminological Psychology, 18(1), 152-167. doi: 10.1111/j.2044-8333.2011.02031.x
Abstract Only, Bates Access

Quinlivan, D., Neuschatz, J., Douglass, A. B., Wells, G. L., & Wetmore, S. (2012). The effect of post-identification feedback, delay, and suspicion on accurate eyewitnesses. Law and Human Behavior, 36(3), 206-214. doi: 10.1037/h0093970
Abstract Only, Bates Access

Douglass, A. B., Neuschatz, J. S., *Imrich, J. F., & Wilkinson, M. (2010). Does post-identification feedback affect evaluations of eyewitness testimony and identification procedures? Law and Human Behavior, 34(4), 282-294. doi: 10.1007/s10979-009-9189-5
Abstract Only, Bates Access

Douglass, A. B., Brewer, N., & Semmler, C. (2010).  Moderators of post-identification feedback effects on eyewitnesses’ memory reports. Legal and Criminological Psychology, 15, 279-292.
Abstract Only, Bates Access

Quinlivan, D. S., Neuschatz, J. S., Jiminez, A., Cling, A. D., Douglass, A. B., & Goodsell, C. A.  (2009). Do prophylactics prevent inflation?: Post-identification feedback and the effectiveness of procedures to protect against confidence-inflation in earwitnesses. Law and Human Behavior, 33, 111-121.
Abstract Only, Bates Access

McQuiston-Surrett, D. M., Douglass, A. B., & Burkhardt, S. (2008). Evaluation of facial composite evidence depends on the presence of other case factors.  Legal and Criminological Psychology, 13(2), 279-298.
Abstract Only, Bates Access

*Poggio, A., & Douglass, A. B. (2007). The impact of task difficulty, defendant’s race and race salience on conformity in mock jury deliberations. Modern Psychological Studies: Journal of Undergraduate Research, 13(1), 3-15.

Douglass, A. B.*Smith, C., & Fraser-Thill, R. (2005). A problem with double-blind photospread procedures: Photospread administrators use the confidence of one eyewitness to influence the identification of another eyewitness. Law and Human Behavior, 29(5), 543-562.
Abstract Only, Bates Access

Wells, G. L., & Bradfield, A. L. (1998).  “Good, you identified the suspect”: Feedback to eyewitnesses distorts their reports of the witnessed experience.  Journal of Applied Psychology, 83, 360-376.
Abstract Only, Bates Access

Invited Submissions

* indicates Bates student

Charman, S., Douglass, A. B., & Mook, A. (2019). Cognitive bias in forensic decision making. In N. Brewer & A. B. Douglass (Eds.) Psychological Science and the Law. (pp. 30-53). New York: Guilford Press.

Douglass, A. B. & Smalarz, L. (2019). Post-identification feedback: State of the science. In B. H. Bornstein & M. K. Miller (Eds.). Advances in Psychology and Law, vol 4. (pp. 101-136). Cham, Switzerland: Springer.

Douglass, A.B., & *Bustamante, L. (2012). Social influences on memory. In Handbook of Applied Memory, edited by Tim Valentine and Don Read, Sage Press.

Douglass, A. B. (August 31, 2011). Changes to eyewitness identification procedures.  NY Times Room for Debate blog.

Douglass, A. B., & *Pavletic, A. (2011). Eyewitness confidence malleability: Why it occurs and how it contributes to wrongful convictions. In B. L. Cutler (Ed). Conviction of the Innocent: Lessons from Psychological Research. APA Press.

Grant Funding

Douglass, A. B. & Charman, S. (March 1, 2019 – February 28, 2022). Collaborative research: Video-recording eyewitness identification lineups: Testing for unanticipated costs and undiscovered benefits. National Science Foundation, $325,912 total; $130,722 to Bates College. Grant no. 1849411

Douglass, A. B., Brewer, N., & Semmler, C. (August 1, 2009 – July 31, 2012).  The dynamic interaction between investigator and eyewitness: Effects on memory reports and interviewer behavior. National Science Foundation, $128,926.

Semmler, C., Brewer, N., & Douglass, A. B. (December 2009 – December 2012). The distortion of eyewitness identification testimony. Australian Research Council, $230,000 (AUD).

Douglass, A. B. & Brewer, N. (2016 – 2019). RUI: Imperfect safeguards: Can brief social interactions undermine system variable protections against false eyewitness identifications? National Science Foundation, $127,859.

Resources for Students

Burl, J., Shah, S., Filone, S., Foster, E., & DeMatteo, D. (2012). A Survey of Graduate Training Programs and Coursework in Forensic Psychology. Teaching Of Psychology, 39(1), 48-53.

APA’s Guide to Graduate Programs in Forensic and Legal Psychology

Series of youtube videos from American Psychology-Law Society, featuring psychologists describing their careers in psychology and law

Information about a graduate program in “user experience”